- Point Pelee National Park
Infobox_protected_area | name = Point Pelee National Park
iucn_category = II
caption = Location of "Point Pelee National Park" in
locator_x = 180
locator_y = 219
lat_degrees = 41
lat_minutes = 57
lat_seconds = 51
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 82
long_minutes = 31
long_seconds = 4
long_direction = W
area = 15 km²
established = 1918
Point Pelee National Park (in French Parc National de la Pointe-Pelée) extends from the mainland of Essex County in southwestern
Ontario, Canada. It consists of a peninsula of land, mainly of marsh and woodland habitats, that tapers to a sharp point as it extends into Lake Erie. Middle Island, also part of Point Pelee National Park, was acquired in 2000 and is located just north of the Canada–United States borderin Lake Erie. Point Pelee is the southernmost point of mainland Canada.
Point Pelee was made a
national parkin 1918 at the urging of birders and hunters. Commercial fishing continued in the park until 1969. Point Pelee was the only Canadian national park to allow hunting until duck hunting was ended in 1989. This site was named "Pointe-Pelée" or "bare point" by French explorers because the eastern side was rocky and had no trees.
It forms the southernmost point in mainland Canada (its latitudinal position is the same as the northernmost counties of California) and is part of a
birdand butterflymigration corridor over Lake Erie via Point Pelee and the Lake Erie islands. Over 360 birdspecies have been recorded in the park. The peak time for bird migrationis spring, especially May, when tired migrants make first landfall after their journey north across the lake.
birdwatchers from North Americaand abroad visit the park in spring, often staying in the nearby town of Leamington. One attraction, apart from the sheer numbers and variety of bird passing through on migration, is the opportunity to see more northerly breeding species such as Blackpoll Warblerbefore they move on.
In March 2006 high winds washed away the sand point and all that remained was a platform. [Cite web| url= http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2006/03/16/pelee060316.html|title=High winds leave Point Pelee pointless| author= CBC | authorlink= Canadian Broadcasting Corporation |month= March |year= 2006| accessdate= 2007-03-31] In October 2007 the level of lake Erie dropped enough to reveal the point again extending at least half a mile out into the water and at least convert|25|ft|m wide with a beautiful winding curving shape to it and covered with sand and round rocks of all shapes and colours. [Cite web|url= http://www.canada.com/windsorstar/news/story.html?id=cb85d926-bbb9-48c5-b0c1-007f8292e136&k=49103|title=Point Returns|publisher=
National Parks of Canada
List of National Parks of Canada
* [http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/on/pelee/index_e.asp Point Pelee National Park official website]
* [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0006357 An article on Point Pelee National Park from "The Canadian Encyclopedia"]
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