Hector Pieterson


Hector Pieterson

Hector Pieterson (1964 – 16 June 1976) became the iconic image of the 1976 Soweto uprising in apartheid South Africa when a news photograph by Sam Nzima of the dying Hector being carried by a fellow student, was published around the world. He was killed at the age of 12 when the police opened fire on protesting students. For years, June 16 stood as a symbol of resistance to the brutality of the apartheid government. Today, it is known as National Youth Day — a day on which South Africans honour young people and bring attention to their needs. [cite news
title =Inside Africa: Soweto Uprising Remembered
publisher=CNN
date =June 15, 2001
url =http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/africa/06/15/inside.africa/
] .

oweto Uprising

On 16 June 1976, school children protested over the imposition of Afrikaans as a medium of instructionclarifyme in township the children to disperse. They started singing Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika and before they could be dispersed, police opened fire.

There are conflicting accounts of who gave the first command to shoot, but soon children were turning and running in all directions, leaving some children lying wounded on the road.

Although the media often named Hector as the first child to die that fateful day, another boy, Hastings Ndlovu, was actually the first child to be shot. But in the case of Hastings, there were no photographers on the scene, and his name never became famous.

When Hector was shot and fell on the corner of Moema and Vilakazi Streets, he was picked up by Mbuyisa Makhubo (an 18 year old schoolboy) who together with Hector's sister, Antoinette (then 17 years old), ran towards Sam Nzima's press car. They bundled him in, and the journalist Sophie Tema [cite web
last =Davie
first =Lucille
title =Museum gathers memories of '76
publisher =News Update. City of Johannesburg
date =June 9, 2005
url =http://www.joburg.org.za/2005/june/jun9_memories.stm
] drove him to a nearby clinic where he was pronounced dead. Mbuyisa and Nzima were harassed by the police after the incident and both went into hiding. Mbuyisa's mother told the Truth and Reconciliation Commission that she received a letter from Mbuyisa in 1978 from Nigeria but she has not heard from him since. [cite web
title =Transcript of a Human Rights Violation Hearing, CASE: GO/O133, 30 April 1996, Day 3
year =1996
place =Johannesburg
publisher =Truth and Reconciliation Commission
url =http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/hrvtrans/methodis/makhubu.htm
] Hector and Hastings Ndlovu are buried at the Avalon Cemetery, Soweto.

urname

Since June 1976, Hector's surname has been spelled "Peterson" and "Pietersen" by the press but the family insists that the correct spelling is "Pieterson". The Pieterson family was originally the "Pitso" family but decided to adopt the Pieterson name to try to pass as "Coloured" (the apartheid-era name for people of mixed race), because Coloured people enjoyed somewhat better privileges under apartheid than blacks did. [Cite web
last =Davie
first =Lucille
title =Pitso or Petersen or Pieterson?
publisher =News Update. City of Johannesburg
date =June 14, 2002
url =http://www.joburg.org.za/june_2002/hector.stm
]

Controversial lawsuit

On 9 August 2002 U.S. lawyer Ed Fagan led a $50bn class action suit by apartheid-era victims against international firms and banks who profited from dealings with the Apartheid regime. Among the plaintiffs in the lawsuit is Dorothy Molefi, Hector's mother. The South African government as well as Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki and Desmond Tutu have distanced themselves from the lawsuit. [cite news
title =Multi-billion dollar Apartheid lawsuit kicks off
publisher=Mail & Guardian
date =August 10, 2002
url =http://www.mg.co.za/articledirect.aspx?articleid=148203&area=%2farchives%2farchives__online_edition%2f
]

Memorial and museum

On June 16, 2002 the Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum was opened near the place he was shot in Orlando West, Soweto to honour Hector and those who died around the country in the 1976 uprising. Funded by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (R16-million) and the Johannesburg City Council (R7,2 million), it has become a major tourist attraction. The start of the museum begins with pictures of Hector Pierterson's death. The museum fuses memorabilia with modern technology and cultural history. In 2007 Hector's sister Antoinette, who is seen in the famous photograph, was working at the museum as a tour guide. [cite web
last =Davie
first =Lucille
author-link =
title =Hector the famous child whose face is unknown
publisher=News Update. City of Johannesburg
date =June 14, 2002
url =http://www.joburg.org.za/june_2002/hector.stm
] [cite web
last =Davie
first =Lucille
title =Hector Pieterson gets his memorial
publisher =News Update. City of Johannesburg
date =October 24, 2001
url =http://www.joburg.org.za/october/hector.stm
]

ee also

*Soweto uprising

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hector Pieterson — (1964 – 16 de junio de 1976) se convirtió en el ícono de los levantamientos de Soweto del año 1976 en la época del apartheid en Sudáfrica cuando el reportero gráfico Sam Nzima tomó una fotografía de Hector agonizante en brazos de un compañero,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hector Pieterson — Foto des sterbenden Hector Pieterson am Memorial …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Pieterson Memorial — Hector Peterson Memorial Das Hector Pieterson Memorial in Soweto ist ein Mahnmal, das an die Opfer der Schülerproteste in Soweto (Südafrika) 1976 erinnert. Es steht in einer kleinen Parkanlage beim Hector Pieterson Museum. Am 16. Juni 1976… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector-Pieterson-Mahnmal — Das Hector Pieterson Memorial in Soweto ist ein Mahnmal, das an die Opfer der Schülerproteste in Soweto (Südafrika) 1976 erinnert. Es steht in einer kleinen Parkanlage beim Hector Pieterson Museum. Am 16. Juni 1976 demonstrierten etwa 15.000… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Pieterson Museum — Blick vom Hector Pieterson Museum über Soweto Das Hector Pieterson Museum ist ein großes Museum in Orlando, Soweto, Südafrika. Es ist zwei Blöcke entfernt von dem Ort, an dem Hector Pieterson erschossen wurde, ihm und den 565 weiteren Opfern des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector-Pieterson-Museum — Teile des Mahmals vor dem Museumseingang Das Hector Pieterson Museum ist ein großes Museum in Orlando, Soweto, Südafrika. Es ist zwei Blöcke entfernt von dem Ort, an dem Hector Pieterson erschossen wurde, ihm und den 565 weiteren Opfern des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Pieterson Museum — The Hector Pieterson Museum is a large museum located in Orlando West, Soweto, South Africa, two blocks away from where Hector Pieterson was shot and killed. The museum is named in his honour. It became one of the first museums in Soweto when it… …   Wikipedia

  • Hector Peterson Memorial — Das Hector Pieterson Memorial in Soweto ist ein Mahnmal, das an die Opfer der Schülerproteste in Soweto (Südafrika) 1976 erinnert. Es steht in einer kleinen Parkanlage beim Hector Pieterson Museum. Am 16. Juni 1976 demonstrierten etwa 15.000… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Peterson — Hector Pieterson (auch Peterson, Pitso, Pietersen oder Petersen) (* 19. August 1963 in Soweto, Südafrika; † 16. Juni 1976 ebenda) war ein südafrikanischer Schüler, der im Alter von zwölf Jahren bei einer Demonstration im Rahmen des Soweto… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Pietersen — Hector Pieterson est l adolescent reconnu comme étant le premier tué, et donc l un des martyrs de Soweto les plus emblématiques, des émeutes de Soweto. Il avait entre 12 et 13 ans et fut blessé le 16 juin 1976. Une photo très célèbre, prise par… …   Wikipédia en Français


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