- United States International Trade Commission
The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) is an independent, non-partisan, quasi-
judicial, federal agency of the United Statesthat provides trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches. Further, the agency determines the impact of imports on U.S. industries and directs actions against certain unfair trade practices, such as dumping, patent, trademark, and copyright infringement.
The USITC was established by the U.S. Congress in 1916 as the U.S. Tariff Commission (the Trade Act of 1974 changed its name to the U.S. International Trade Commission), the agency has broad investigative powers on matters of trade. The USITC is a national resource where trade data is gathered and analyzed. This data is provided to the President and Congress as part of the information on which U.S. international trade policy is based.
In its own words, the mission of the Commission is to:
# Administer U.S. trade remedy laws within its mandate in a fair and objective manner;
# Provide the President, USTR, and Congress with independent, quality analysis, information, and support on matters of tariffs and international trade and competitiveness; and
# Maintain the
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
In so doing, the Commission serves the public by implementing U.S. law and contributing to the development and implementation of sound and informed U.S. trade policy.
The ITC's five operations include:
# Import Injury Investigations
# Intellectual Property-Based Import Investigations
# Research Program
# Trade Information Services
# Trade Policy Support
The USITC is headed by six Commissioners. Each Commissioner is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The formal commission is signed by the President and the Secretary of State. No more than three Commissioners may be of any one political party. Commissioners serve overlapping nine year terms with a new term beginning every 18 months. The current Commissioners are (in order of precedence):
Daniel R. Pearson(Chairman) (R-MN)
Shara L. Aranoff(Vice Chairman) (D-MD)
Deanna Tanner Okun(R-ID)
Charlotte R. Lane(R-WV)
Irving A. Williamson(D-NY)
Dean A. Pinkert(D-VA)
Nominated by President
George W. BushSeptember 7, 2006, Commissioners Pinkert and Williamson replaced Jennifer A. Hillman(D-IN) and Stephen Koplan(D-VA) after Senate confirmation February 1, 2007.
Although the USITC is not a
court, its administrative law judges conduct trial-type official administrative hearings. If a Section 337 of the Smoot-Hawley Actcomplaint has at least three votes from its six Commissioners, an official investigative hearing will be assigned to an administrative law judge.
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
Generalized System of Preferences
International Trade Administration
Office of the United States Trade Representative
United States Commercial Service
World Trade Organization
* [http://www.usitc.gov/ USITC website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States International Trade Commission — USITC Staatliche Ebene Bundesbehörde Stellung der Behörde Un … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States International Trade Commission — U.S. Govt. a federal agency, created in 1916, that conducts research, makes reports, and resolves problems in international trade and tariffs. * * * … Universalium
United States International Trade Commission — U.S. Govt. a federal agency, created in 1916, that conducts research, makes reports, and resolves problems in international trade and tariffs … Useful english dictionary
United States Federal Maritime Commission — The Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) is an independent federal agency, based in Washington D.C., responsible for the regulation of oceanborne transportation in the foreign commerce of the U.S. MissionThe FMC:• Regulates certain activities of… … Wikipedia
International Trade Commission — Sitz der USITC Die United States International Trade Commission (USITC, deutsch Internationale Handelskommission der Vereinigten Staaten) ist eine unabhängige, gerichtsähnliche und unparteiische Bundesbehörde der USA. Sie übernimmt sowohl… … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States – Peru Trade Promotion Agreement — The United States – Peru Trade Promotion Agreement ( es. Acuerdo de Promoción Comercial Perú – Estados Unidos) is a bilateral free trade agreement, whose objectives are eliminating obstacles to trade, consolidating access to goods and services… … Wikipedia
Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement — The Australia United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) is a preferential trade agreement between Australia and the United States modelled on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The FTA was signed on 18 May 2004, ratified by the… … Wikipedia
Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement — The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was a trade agreement signed by Canada and the United States on October 4th, 1988. The agreement, finalized by October 1987, removed several trade restrictions in stages over a ten year period, and resulted in a… … Wikipedia
Morocco–United States Free Trade Agreement — The US Morocco Free Trade Agreement (or Morocco FTA) is a bilateral trade agreement between the United States and Morocco. The agreement was signed on June 15, 2004, followed by U.S. President George W. Bush s signing of the USMFTA Implementation … Wikipedia
Oman–United States Free Trade Agreement — The U.S. Oman Free Trade Agreement is a trade pact between Oman and the United States. On November 15, 2004, the George W. Bush administration notified the U.S. Congress of its intent to sign a trade agreement with the Middle Eastern Sultanate of … Wikipedia