Motor Torpedo Boat


Motor Torpedo Boat
MTBs returning from an anti-E-boat patrol, June 1944

Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the Royal Navy, and the Royal Canadian Navy.

The capitalised term is generally used for the Royal Navy (RN) boats and abbreviated to "MTB". During World War II the US Navy boats were usually called by their hull classification symbol of "PT" (Patrol Torpedo), and are covered under PT boat although the class type was still "motor torpedo boat".

German motor torpedo boats of World War II were called S-Boote (Schnellboote German for "fast boats") by the Kriegsmarine and E-boats by the allies. Italian MTBs of this period were known as Motoscafo Armato Silurante (MAS) which translates as "torpedo armed motorboats". French MTBs were known as Vedettes Lance Torpilles translating as "torpedo-launching fast boat". Soviet MTBs were known as Торпедный катер translating as "torpedo cutter".

After the end of World War II, a number of the Royal Navy's MTBs were stripped and the empty hulls sold for use as houseboats.

Contents

History

MTBs in the Mediterranean, February 1945

MTBs were designed for high speed, operating at night, low speed ambush (to keep noise low and to produce no wake)and manoeuvrability on the water; this was to enable them to get close enough to launch their torpedoes at enemy vessels. With next to no armour, the boats relied upon surprise and their agility at high speed to avoid being hit by gunfire from bigger ships.

The British and Italian navies started developing such vessels in the early 20th century, shortly before the beginning of World War I. Italian MAS boats were comparatively small, at 20-30 tons displacement. MAS 15 was the only Motor Torpedo boat in history to sink a battleship, the Austrian vessel Szent István in 1918.

British torpedo boats of the First World War were small at only around 15 tons and were known as Coastal Motor Boats.

In the Second World War, British MTBs were operated by Coastal Forces.

A similar size boat with a different role in the Second World War was the BPB 63 ft High Speed Launch used by the RAF.

The last MTBs in the Royal Navy were the two Brave class fast patrol boats of 1958 which were capable of 50 knots (93 km/h).

Notable operations

Specification

Many boats were built with a MTB designation but varied substantially. The first was a 55 footer in 1930, very little is known about this craft other than a few articles. [1]

Vosper Private Venture Boat

The Vosper private boat was designed by Commander Peter Du Cane CBE, the Managing Director of Vosper Ltd, in 1936. She was completed and launched in 1937. She was bought by the Admiralty and taken into service with the Royal Navy as MTB 102.

  • Length: 68 ft (21 m)
  • Beam: 14 ft 9 in
  • Draft: 3 ft 9 in
  • Powerplant: 3 Isotta Fraschini 57-litre petrol engines
  • Power: 3,300 hp.
  • Speed 48 knots (light), 43 knots (loaded and armed)
  • Crew: 2 officers, 10 men.
  • Armament:
    • Two 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (depth-charges, machine guns and the Swiss made Oerlikon were trialled on her)

MTB 102 was the fastest wartime British naval vessel in service. She was at Dunkirk for the evacuation and carried Winston Churchill and Dwight Eisenhower when they reviewed the fleet before the Invasion of Normandy.

British Power Boat 60 ft MTB

They were based on the British Power Boat rescue boat and were originally designed for the Royal Air Force but reduced to 60 ft in length. They could carry two 18 inch torpedoes at a maximum speed of 33 knots. The Royal Navy ordered their first in 1936; with a total of 18 ordered. These entered service as MTB Numbers 1 to 12 and 14 to 29. In the early days of the war, they were painted with different numbers and photos distributed to the press to give the impression that the Royal Navy had more than they actually did. One photo was sent to the American monthly Popular Science showing the number twenty-three. [2]

Vosper 70 ft Motor Torpedo Boat

Although various boat lengths were produced by Vosper for the Royal Navy, the "70 ft" was produced from 1940. The design was produced with modifications as MTBs 31-40, 57-66, 73-98, 222-245, 347-362, 380-395 and 523-537.

Using three Packard marine engines, they were capable of around 37 knots. Early models carried two 21-inch torpedo tubes, two 0.50 in machine guns and two 0.303 in machine guns. They could also carry four depth charges.

Vosper Types 1 and 2

Between 1943 and 1945 two Vosper designs appeared, the "Vosper Type I 73ft" and the Type II.

Vosper Type I

  • Length: 73 ft (22 m)
  • Engine: 3 Packard 12M engines for a total of 4,200 hp
  • Speed: 40 knots (74 km/h)
  • Range: 470 nmi (870 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
  • Displacement: 47 t
  • Armament:
  • Crew: 13

Vosper Type II

This design remained in use after the war.

  • Length 73 ft (22 m)
  • Engine 4,200 hp
  • Speed 40 knots (74 km/h)
  • Range 480 nmi (890 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
  • Displacement 49 t
  • Armament
    • Two 18-inch (457 mm) Torpedo
    • QF 6 pdr Mark IIA (57 mm)[3]
    • 20mm Oerlikon
    • Two 0.303 Vickers MG
  • Crew 13

RCN MTB

These boats were used by the Royal Canadian Navy 29th MTB Flotilla. Originally designed as Motor Gun Boats (MGBs) carrying a 6-pounder (57 mm, 2.24 inch) to engage enemy small craft, they were redesignated as Motor Torpedo Boats.

Scott-Paine Type G 70 foot boat.

  • Manufacturer: British Power Boats, Hythe
  • Displacement: 55 tons
  • Overall length: 72 ft 6 inches (21 m)
  • Breadth: 20 ft 7 inches (6.3 m)
  • Draught: 5 ft 8 inches (1.7 m)
  • Maximum speed: 38 to 41 knots (new)
  • Armament:
  • Powerplant - three Rolls-Royce or Packard 14M supercharged V-12 engines (three shafts)
  • Power - 3,750 hp total
  • Range - 140 miles (260 km) radius of action at 25 knots (46 km/h)[4]
  • Crew -

Post-war usage

After the end of World War II a number of the Royal Navy's vessels were stripped and sold for use as houseboats. These included Motor Gun Boats as well as MTBs. Many of these were moored in Langstone Harbour, Littlehampton, Hayling Island and Wootton Creek, although most have now disappeared from these locations. Nowadays most MTB houseboats can be found at Shoreham-by-Sea (West Sussex), Cobden Bridge (Southampton) and Bembridge (Isle of Wight).[5]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Midget Torpedo Boat Has Forty-Knot Speed" Popular Science, April 1930, p. 38.
  2. ^ "Fast Mosquito Boats Aid British Navy" Popular Science, December 1939
  3. ^ An automatic loading version of the 6-pounder anti-tank gun
  4. ^ Naval Museum of Manitoba
  5. ^ Simons, Philip; Hall, Nick (2006). Retired on the River, a Short History of the Houseboats of Shoreham (3rd ed.). World Ship Society, Small Craft Group. p. 3. 

References

  • British Motor Torpedo Boat 1939–45 by Angus Konstam, Osprey, 2003, ISBN 978-1-84176-500-6
  • Dog Boats at War: A History of the Operations of the Royal Navy d Class Fairmile Motor Torpedo Boats and Motor Gunboats 1939-1945 by L. C. Reynolds and Lord Lewin, Sutton Pubns Inc, 2000, ISBN 978-0-7509-2454-2

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Motor Torpedo Boat PT-34 — was a PT 20 class motor torpedo boat commissioned on 12 July 1941. The commander of PT 34 was Ltjg. Robert B. Kelly, the executive officer of Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three, based in the Philippines from late 1941 through April 1942. On 17… …   Wikipedia

  • Motor Torpedo Boat PT-59 — was a 77 foot Elco PT boat that served with the US Navy in World War II. She is noted for being the second command of then Lieutenant, junior grade (LTJG) John F. Kennedy (who later became President of the United States) in the Pacific Theater… …   Wikipedia

  • motor torpedo boat — ☆ motor torpedo boat n. a high speed powerboat equipped with torpedoes and machine guns * * * …   Universalium

  • motor torpedo boat — ☆ motor torpedo boat n. a high speed powerboat equipped with torpedoes and machine guns …   English World dictionary

  • Motor Torpedo Boat PT-41 — Flagship pennant of Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 3, flown on PT 41 Motor Torpedo Boat PT 41 was a PT 20 (Elco 77 Foot) Class Patrol torpedo boat, built at Elco and commissioned on 23 July 1941. PT 41 served as the flagship of Motor Torpedo Boat… …   Wikipedia

  • motor torpedo boat — noun a small fast unarmored and lightly armed torpedo boat; P(atrol) T(orpedo) boat • Syn: ↑PT boat, ↑mosquito boat, ↑mosquito craft • Hypernyms: ↑torpedo boat * * * noun : a high speed 60 to 100 ft. motorboat mounting two or four torpedo tubes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • motor torpedo boat — mo′tor torpe′do boat n. PT boat • Etymology: 1935–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • motor torpedo boat — noun Date: 1940 PT boat …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • motor torpedo boat. — See PT boat. [1935 40] * * * …   Universalium

  • motor torpedo boat. — See PT boat. [1935 40] …   Useful english dictionary


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