Mind-body dichotomy

Mind-body dichotomy

René Descartes' illustration of mind/body dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit.]

The mind-body dichotomy is the view that "mental" phenomena are, in some respects, "non-physical" (distinct from the body).In a religious sense, it refers to the separation of body and soul. The mind-body dichotomy is the starting point of Dualism, and became conceptualized in the form known to the modern Western world in René Descartes's philosophy, though it also surfaced in pre-Aristotelian concepts and in Avicennian philosophy. [citation|title=Forming the Mind: Essays on the Internal Senses and the Mind/Body Problem from Avicenna to the Medical Enlightenment|publisher=Springer Science+Business Media|date=9/30/2007|isbn=9781402060830]

This view of reality leads one to consider the corporeal as little valued" [http://human-nature.com/rmyoung/papers/pap102h.html The mind-body problem] " by Robert M. Young] and trivial. The rejection of the mind-body dichotomy is found in French Structuralism, and is a position that generally characterized post-war French philosophy. [Turner 96, p.76] The absence of an empirically identifiable meeting point between the non-physical mind and its physical extension has proven problematic to dualism and many modern philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body.cite book

last = Kim
first = J.
editor = Honderich, Ted
others =
title = Problems in the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford Companion to Philosophy
year = 1995
publisher = Oxford University Press
location = Oxford
id =
doi =
] These approaches have been particularly influential in the sciences, particularly in the fields of sociobiology, computer science, evolutionary psychology and the various neurosciences.Pinel, J. "Psychobiology", (1990) Prentice Hall, Inc. ISBN 8815071741] LeDoux, J. (2002) "The Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are", New York:Viking Penguin. ISBN 8870787958] Russell, S. and Norvig, P. "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach", New Jersey:Prentice Hall. ISBN 0131038052] Dawkins, R. "The Selfish Gene" (1976) Oxford:Oxford University Press. ISBN]

Plato's idea

Plato argued that, as the body is from the material world, the soul is from the world of ideas and thus immortal. He believed the soul was temporarily united with the body and would only be separated at death where it would then go back to the world of forms. As the soul does not exist in time and space as the body does, it can therefore access universal truths from the world of ideas.

* Dualism - the mind is distinct from the body.
* Materialism - the mind is an extension of the body (eg. chemical reactions).
* Idealism - reality is in the mind.

The aim of the soul is to out survive the body where it will return to the world of ideas, along with the identity of the individual.Fact|date=October 2007

Notes and citations


*Turner, Bryan S. " [http://books.google.com/books?id=K_8WxOqOWtMCThe Body and Society: Exploration in social theory] " 1996

ee also

* Philosophy of Mind
*Sacred-profane dichotomy
* Chinese room
* Descartes' Error
* John Searle
* Mikhail Bakhtin
* Philosophy of artificial intelligence
* Dualism (philosophy of mind)
* Bodymind
* The Mind's I, A book on the subject.
* Strange loop, A conceptual framework of thoughts about the self.

External links

*" [http://human-nature.com/rmyoung/papers/pap102h.html The mind-body problem] " by Robert M. Young

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mind-body — may refer to: Mind body connection, a medical model Mind body dichotomy, a philosophy of mind Mind body exercise, a form of exercise that combines body movement with mental focus Mind body intervention, an alternative medicine See also Bodymind …   Wikipedia

  • Mind–body problem — René Descartes illustration of mind/body dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit …   Wikipedia

  • Body and Soul — or Body Soul may refer to:*The Mind body dichotomy In film:* Body and Soul (1924 film), the best known silent film of pioneer African American filmmaker Oscar B. Micheaux * Body and Soul (1927 film), a drama featuring Lionel Barrymore * Body and… …   Wikipedia

  • Mind and matter — may refer to: Mind and Matter, a 1958 book by physicist Erwin Schrödinger Mind body dichotomy This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Dichotomy — An example of a dichotomy is the partition of a scene into figure and ground – the letters are foreground or figure; the rest is the background. A dichotomy is any splitting of a whole into exactly two non overlapping parts, meaning it is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Body — With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual. Body often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology. Human bodyThe human body… …   Wikipedia

  • Dualism (philosophy of mind) — René Descartes s illustration of dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit. In philosophy of mind, dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and… …   Wikipedia

  • Philosophy of mind — A phrenological mapping[1] of the brain. Phrenology was among the first attempts to correlate mental functions with specific parts of the brain. Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental even …   Wikipedia

  • Theory of mind — is the ability to attribute mental states beliefs, intents, desires, pretending, knowledge, etc. to oneself and others and to understand that others have beliefs, desires and intentions that are different from one s own.[1] Though there are… …   Wikipedia

  • List of topics in philosophy of mind — * Alan Turing * Alexius Meinong * Anomalous monism * Anthony Kenny * Arnold Geulincx * Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness * Australian materialism * Baruch Spinoza * Biological naturalism * Brain in a vat * C. D. Broad *… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.