- Harrington, Cumbria
infobox UK place
country = England
region= North West England
postcode_district = CA14
Harrington is on the
Cumbriancoast south of Workingtonand north of Whitehaven. Its industrial history, which largely ended in the late 1930s, included an iron works, coal mining, and steel making. It once had five railway stations. It still has one station, on the Cumbrian Coast Line, near the harbour.
Today, with a population of about 5000, it is largely a dormitory town for the employees of the shops and offices and light industry found in Workington and Whitehaven, and also
British Nuclear Fuelsdown the coast at Sellafield.
The parish consists of Harrington itself, High Harrington, and
Salterbeck, which is a large housing estate on the Workington side of the parish.
Henry Curwenbuilt a quay at Harrington on the south side of the River Wyre. Coal and limestone were soon being exported from Harrington, and the increase in trade led to the development of the local shipbuilding industry. A decline in manufacturing industry saw the harbour's usage drop dramatically during the latter part of the 19th century.
Eventually the harbour was sealed off and used as a reservoir for a nearby magnesium works. The secret "
Magnesite" plant at Harrington was set up during World War IIby the Ministry of Aircraft Productionto extract magnesium from seawater, for use in aircraft components and incendiary bombs. At the time it was one of only two plants in the country, making some 40,000 tons per annum.
The harbour now has a new lease of life as a facility for leisure, with the scope to grow the marine sector in the Northwest.
Harrington had many churches, and four remain as churches today. At St Mary's church there are recent stained-glass windows, which show much of the industrial and maritime heritage of the area, including images of the latest industry - wind farming. Wind farms are springing up all along the coast, south and north of Workington.
The West Cumbria Cycle Network passes through Harrington on its way from
Distingtonto Workington. It uses the route of the former Cleator and Workington Junction Railwaywhich served High Harrington Station.
* [http://www.freewebs.com/stmarysharrington/index.htm St Mary's Church]
* [http://www.harringtonhistorygroup.co.uk/index.html Harrington History Group]
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