- Crookwell railway line, New South Wales
The Crookwell railway line is a closed branch railway line in the south of
New South Wales, Australia. It branched from the Main South line at North Goulburn and passed north through the localities of Kenmore and Roslyn to the town of Crookwell.
The Crookwell district north of Goulburn is rich and productive agricultural land with a high annual rainfall. A railway to Crookwell was first raised as early as 1857, but it was not until the late 1870s and early 1880s that a serious proposal was made by local residents and landowners to the Commissioner for Railways. Various routes and proposals were considered, including the option of a tramway as a feeder to the Main South railway. From 1884, public meetings were held and deputations were made however it was not until as late as 1899 that a bill passed parliament for the construction of the line. The major engineering feature was a heavy (and expensive) steel lattice bridge over the Wollondilly River in the north of Goulburn. The line then passed through rolling hills to the town of Crookwell, and opened in 1902. A platform was provided at Argyle, near the Goulburn Training Centre (Now Goulburn Correctional Centre), and stations were built at Kenmore, Norwood, The Forest, Woodhouselee, Roslyn, McAlister and Crookwell, with sidings at each of these locations. Several intermediate sidings were provided for stock loading and similar activities. [Scrymgeour, R. "A History of the Goulburn- Crookwell Line". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. Vol 48, no 721. November 1997.]
From opening, the line carried a mix of goods and passenger traffic. Superphosphate and livestock were the main goods carried, and superphosphate in particular was responsbile for keeping the line operational long past the closure of similar branch lines. Initial passenger traffic was locomotive hauled 'mixed' trains of passenger and goods cars until the introduction of railmotors (CPH) from 1926. Two return daily railmotor services were provided allowing day return travel in either direction. Steam power was replaced with diesel from 1961. From the mid 1970s, goods traffic began to decline in competition with road transport. Passenger traffic ceased in 1974, [ Banger, C. "The Intercapital Daylight, 1956-1991" Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, Vol 52 No. 764. June 2001] and by the 1980s goods traffic had dwindled to such unprofitable levels that the final train operated in 1984 and the line closed.
Much of the alignment and track of the line remains in place, including the substantial bridge over the Wollondilly River. There are plans to operate heritage services over the line [cite web | Goulburn Crookwell Heritage Railway | work = Goulburn Crookwell Heritage Railway Inc | title = Goulburn Crookwell Heritage Railway Inc. | url=http://www.gchr.4t.com/ | accessdate = 2007-05-05 ] .
At Roslyn, a branch line to Taralga connected, opening on 23 February, 1926 and closing on 1 May, 1957 [cite web | last = Bozier | first = Rolfe | coaauthors = "et al" | work = NSWrail.net | title = Taralga Line | url=http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:taralga | accessdate = 2007-05-05 ] . Whilst initially the line saw a six days a week service, by the time of its demise, it saw trains on Wednesdays only ["History of the Taralga Railway" Scrymgeour, R. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March, 1994 pp78-90] .
The station buildings were of concrete, similar to other stations constructed in that period. The line has been lifted and little remains of the formation. Part of the original alignment remains but has been turned into a road.
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