List of Gospels


List of Gospels

Gospels are a genre of Early Christian literature claiming to recount the life of Jesus, to preserve his teachings, or to reveal aspects of God's nature. The Development of the New Testament canon has left four canonical Gospels which are accepted as the only authentic ones by the great majority of Christians, but many others exist, or used to exist, and are called Apocryphal. Some of these have left considerable traces on Christian traditions, including iconography.

List of Gospels

Completely preserved Gospels

# Gospel of Mark (canonical)
# Gospel of Matthew (canonical)
# Gospel of Luke (canonical)
# Gospel of John (canonical)
# Gospel of Thomas
# Gospel of Truth
# Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians
# Gospel of Nicodemus (also known as the "Acts of Pilate")
# Gospel of Barnabas
# Gospel of Gamaliel [Anton Baumstark, "Un evangile de Gamaliel," Revue Biblique, n.s. 3, (1906) 253-259. Wilhelm Schneemelcher, New Testament Apocrypha]

Infancy Gospels

# Gospel of the Nativity of Mary
# Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
# Infancy Gospel of Thomas
# Infancy Gospel of James
# Arabic Infancy Gospel
# Syriac Gospel of the Boyhood of our Lord Jesus [The Apocryphal Gospels: B Harris Cowper]

Partially preserved Gospels

# Gospel of Judas
# Gospel of Peter
# Gospel of Mary
# Gospel of Philip

Fragmentary preserved GospelsRef_label|A|α|none

# Dialogue of the Saviour
# Papyrus Egerton 2
# Gospel of Eve
# Fayyum Fragment
# Gospel of Mani
# Oxyrhynchus Gospels
# Gospel of the Saviour (also known as the Unknown Berlin gospel)
# Gospel of the Twelve

Reconstructed GospelsRef_label|B|β|none

# Gospel of the Ebionites
# Gospel of the Egyptians
# Gospel of the Hebrews
# Secret Gospel of Mark
# Gospel of Matthias
# Gospel of the Nazoraeans
# Gospel of Q (also known as the "Q document")
# Signs Gospel
# Cross Gospel

Lost Gospels

# Gospel of Bartholomew
# Gospel of the Seventy
# Gospel of the Four Heavenly Realms
# Gospel of Perfection
# Gospel of Marcion
# Gospel of Basilides
# Gospel of Andrew
# Gospel of Apelles
# Gospel of Cerinthus
# Gospel of Bardesanes
# Gospel of the Encratites [Epiphanius ascribed a gospel to the sect of Encratites. It is more probable however, that he referred to the Gospel of Tatian]
# Gospel of the Gnostics [The Gnostics had various gospels. Epiphanius speaks of their writing "The Revelation of Adam, and other false gospels"]
# Gospel of HesychiusThis phrase is found in the Decree of Gelasius wherein certain gospels are condemned by that title. What they were is uncertain. Jerome speaks of "those books which go under the names of Lucian and Hesychius and are esteemed through the perverse humors of some"]
# Gospel of Lucius
# Gospel of Longinus
# Gospel of Manes
# Gospel of Merinthus [The Gospel of Merinthus is mentioned only by Epiphanius as one of those spurious gospels which he supposes were written in the apostles' time and referred to by Luke in Luke 1:1 "as not being a true and genuine account". Fabricius supposes that Merinthus and Cerinthus are the same person and that Cerinthus was changed into Merinthus by the way of banter or reproach. Although Epiphanius makes them into two different persons, yet in the heresy of the Cerinthians, he professes himself uncertain. He said "The Cerinthians are also called Merinthians as we see by the accounts we have; but whether this Cerinthus was also called Merinthus, a fellow laborer of his, God knows"(Jones, A new and full method of settling the canonical authority of the New Testament)]
# Gospel of Scythianus
# Gospel of Simonides
# Gospel of Tatian
# Gospel of Thaddaeus [Rejected by Gelasius]
# Gospel of Valentinus [Mentioned by Tertullian in Adversus Valentinianos. According to Ireneaus, it the same as the Gospel of Truth]
# The Clementine Gospel

See also

* Toledoth Yeshu - an anti-gospel
* Diatessaron
* Acts of the Apostles (genre)
* Agrapha
* Apocalyptic literature
* Epistles
* Gnosticism
* Development of the New Testament canon
* List of New Testament papyri
* New Testament apocrypha
* Pseudepigraphy
* Textual criticism

Notes

α. Note_label|A|α|none Preserved from primary sources.

β. Note_label|B|β|none Preserved from secondary sources and commentaries.

Footnotes

References

* New Testament Apocrypha By Wilhelm Schneemelcher, R. M. Wilson
* New Testament Apocrypha: Gospels And Related Writings By Wilhelm Schneemelcher, R. M. Wilson
* History of the Christian Religion to the Year Two Hundred By Charles B. Waite

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