- Hamilton, South Lanarkshire
Hamilton Scottish Gaelic: Hamaltan Scots: Hamiltoun
Hamilton shown within South Lanarkshire
Population 48,546  (2001 census) OS grid reference Council area South Lanarkshire Lieutenancy area Lanarkshire Country Scotland Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town HAMILTON Postcode district ML3 Dialling code 01698 Police Strathclyde Fire Strathclyde Ambulance Scottish EU Parliament Scotland UK Parliament Lanark and Hamilton East Rutherglen and Hamilton West Scottish Parliament Hamilton South Hamilton North and Bellshill Central Scotland List of places: UK • Scotland •
Hamilton (Scots: Hamiltoun, Scottish Gaelic: Hamaltan) is a town in South Lanarkshire, in the west-central Lowlands of Scotland. It serves as the main administrative centre of the South Lanarkshire council area. It is the fifth-biggest town (excluding cities) in Scotland after Paisley, East Kilbride, Livingston and Cumbernauld. It lies 12 miles (19.3 km) south-east of Glasgow, and 35 miles (56.3 km) south-west of Edinburgh on the south bank of the River Clyde at its confluence with the Avon Water. Hamilton was the county town of Lanarkshire.
The town of Hamilton was originally known as Cadzow or Cadyou (Middle Scots: Cadȝow, the "ȝ" being the letter yogh), pronounced /kadyu/. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Hamilton family initially supported the English and Walter fitz Gilbert (the head of the Hamilton family) was governor of Bothwell Castle on behalf of the English. However, he later changed loyalty to Robert the Bruce, following the Battle of Bannockburn, and ceded Bothwell to him. For this act, he was rewarded with a portion of land which had been forfeited by the Comyns at Dalserf and later the Barony and lands of Cadzow, which in time would become the town of Hamilton.
The Hamilton family constructed many landmark buildings in the area including the Hamilton Mausoleum in Strathclyde Park, which has the longest echo of any building in the world. The Hamilton family have been major land-owners in the area to this day. Hamilton Palace was the historic seat of the Dukes of Hamilton until the early-twentieth century.
Other historic buildings in the area include Hamilton Old Parish Church, a Georgian era building completed in 1734 and the only church to have been built by William Adam. The graveyard of the old parish church contains some Covenanter remains. The former Edwardian Town Hall now houses the library and concert hall. The Townhouse complex underwent a sympathetic modernization in 2002 and opened to the public in summer 2004. The ruins of Cadzow Castle also lie in Chatelherault Country Park, two miles from the town centre.
Hamilton Palace was the largest non-royal residence in the Western world, located in the north-east of the town. A former seat of the Dukes of Hamilton, it was built in 1695, subsequently much enlarged, and demolished in 1921 due to ground subsidence. It is widely acknowledged as having been one of the grandest houses in Scotland, was visited and admired by Queen Victoria, and was written about by Daniel Defoe.
Hamilton Barracks was formerly the Depot of The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and the home of the 1st Battalion of the Regiment. The Regimental Museum is part of the Low Parks Museum.
The Low Parks Museum is housed in what was a 16th century inn and a staging post for journeys between Glasgow and Edinburgh. Recently refurbished, it is the oldest building in Hamilton and is to the north of the Palace Grounds.
By road the town is to the west of the M74 motorway, the main southerly link to England, which joins the M6 just north of Carlisle. The main route from Edinburgh is the M8, leaving at junctions 6 or 7.
Areas of Hamilton:
- Earnock Estate
- Earnock Glen
- Hamilton West
- High Earnock
- Little Earnock
- Low Waters
- Meikle Earnock
- Torheads Farm
Nearby towns and cities:
- Glasgow 12 miles
- Strathaven 7 miles
- East Kilbride 5 miles
- Motherwell 2 miles
- Edinburgh 35 miles
- Carlisle 75 miles
Service industries and local government are major employers in Hamilton, as are HSBC/First Direct and Philips, the Dutch electronics conglomerate. The town centre has been regenerated over the last decade by creating two new indoor shopping centres (the Regent Shopping Centre and New Cross Shopping Centre) and the Palace Grounds Retail Park.
Restaurants and national retail outlets are situated in a redeveloped part of the Palace Grounds that are visible upon entering the town from the M74 motorway. The creation of a circular Town Square (now the site of a Frankie & Benny's restaurant) has resulted in Hamilton receiving numerous town planning awards during the past decade. This development transformed the Hamilton side of Strathclyde Park, which was the original site of the Duke's palace. The shopping centre is still under development.
Hamilton has three railway stations, Hamilton Central, Hamilton West and Chatelherault, all on the Argyle Line's Hamilton Circle. Hamilton Central is 22 minutes from Glasgow on the limited stop Larkhall-Dalmuir service.
It was once served by the North British Railway, which had three stations in the area. Hamilton (NBR), Hamilton Peacock Cross and Burnbank
Cycling paths run from Strathclyde Park to Chatelherault Country Park following the banks of the Clyde and Avon. These are being expanded at part of the Sustrans Connect2 project and will make up part of the National Cycle Route 74 which will run from Glasgow to Carlisle, Cumbria
There are currently three comprehensive high schools in the town – Hamilton Grammar, Holy Cross (Roman Catholic) and John Ogilvie (Roman Catholic). The former Earnock High School buildings on Wellhall Road were burnt down in June 2008, but by this time the school had been closed and merged with Blantyre High School in Blantyre as the new Calderside Academy.
There are also several primary schools in Hamilton, including, St Cuthbert's, Our Lady and St Anne's, St Elizabeth's St Peter's, St Paul's, St Mark's, St Ninian's, St Mary's, Glenlee, Townhill, Udston, Woodhead, Beckford, St John's, Woodside and Chatelherault Primary Schools.
Hamilton is a university town with The University of the West of Scotland campus sited on Almada Street.
The area near Hamilton West railway station and Peacock Cross has changed with the demolition of Hamilton Academical Football Club's original Douglas Park stadium in 1994. A retail park was built on the site with New Douglas Park added behind it in 2001. Hamilton Academical F.C. (the Accies) was formed in 1874 and is one of Scotland's oldest senior clubs. It takes its name from Hamilton Academy, now called Hamilton Grammar School, the oldest school in the town (founded 1588). It is the only professional football team in the UK to originate from a school team and played in the Scottish Premier League, having won the Scottish First Division title during 2007/2008, They were relegated 2010/2011 Season.
The Hamilton Rugby Club can be found at the Leigh Bent sports ground, Bent Road. They currently play in the Scottish Premiership Division 2.
Hamilton Park Racecourse is situated alongside Bothwell Road.
Speedway racing was staged in Hamilton between 1947 and 1955. The annual meeting was staged as part of the annual Lanarkshire Show and featured riders from across Scotland. The site of the track was the old ash football pitches of Strathclyde Park – an area now covered by the town square.
There are a number of high quality football, cricket, and rugby pitches in the Palace Grounds area alongside the Mausoleum. Part of Strathclyde Park is sited within Hamilton's boundary, providing world class water-sport facilities.
Hamilton Town House Theatre is a 500 seat venue in the Cadzow Street area of the town. It is the first cultural venue in Scotland to attain the prestigious Quest accreditation. A multiplex Vue Cinema is located in the redeveloped Palace Grounds area close to the Hamilton Palace nightclub.
- Charles Alston (Botanist)
- Joanna Baillie (Poet)
- Matthew Baillie (Scientist)
- Jim Bett (Aberdeen & Scotland Footballer)
- Jackie Bird (Broadcaster)
- Laurie Brett (Eastenders Actress)
- Craig Brown (Scotland Football Manager and current Aberdeen FC Manager)
- Ian Buchanan (Emmy Award Winning Actor)
- Jamie Burnett (Snooker Professional)
- Alexander Cairncross (Economist)
- Brian Connolly (Musician)
- Davie Cooper (Rangers, Motherwell & Scotland Footballer)
- William Cullen (Physician & Chemist)
- Barry Ferguson (Rangers & Scotland Captain)
- Steven Fletcher (Wolves & Scotland Footballer)
- Alan Gilmour (Playwright and Librettist)
- Gay Hamilton (Actress)
- Paul Hartley (Alloa Athletic Manager & Scotland Footballer)
- Willie Henderson (Rangers, Sheffield Wednesday & Scotland Footballer)
- Bryan Hodge (Partick Thistle Footballer)
- Robin Jenkins (Novelist)
- Sir Harry Lauder (Entertainer)
- Allan Lee (Film Editor)
- William Logan (Philanthropist)
- Margo McDonald (Politician)
- Walter McGowan (World Champion Boxer)
- Mark McManus (Actor)
- James MacPherson (Actor)
- Paul McStay (Celtic & Scotland Footballer)
- Phil O'Donnell (Motherwell, Celtic, Sheffield Wednesday & Scotland Footballer)
- Jackie Oakes (Blackburn Rovers, Manchester City and Queen of the South F.C. Footballer)
- Helen Orr Gordon (Swimmer)
- John Roberton (Physician and controversial Social Reformer)
- John Roberton (Obstetrician and Social Reformer)
- Raymond Robertson (Politician)
- Bobby Shearer (Rangers & Scotland Footballer)
- Robert Stewart (Boxer, 1939 Scottish Welterweight Champion)
- Jock Stein (Celtic & Scotland Manager)
- Alison Walker (Broadcaster)
- Nicol Williamson (Actor, Tony Award Nominee)
Hamilton is twinned with Châtellerault in France. This connection dates from the 16th century when the title Duc de Châtellerault was conferred on James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran. The Duke's hunting lodge (now in Chatelherault Country Park), a primary school and new railway station are named 'Chatelherault' for this reason.
- Hamilton Circle Railway Line
- National Cycle Route 74
- Glasgow International Airport (25 minutes drive)
- Edinburgh International Airport (35 minutes drive)
- Glasgow Prestwick Airport (45 minutes drive)
- ^ "Scotland's Census Results Online". http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainArea=hamilton&mainLevel=Locality. Retrieved 2009-05-03. .
- ^ List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic – NewsNetScotland
- ^ George Chalmers, Caledonia, Or, A Historical and Topographical Account of North Britain from the Most Ancient to the Present Times: With a Dictionary of Places, Chorographical and Philological, Vol. 6 (A. Gardner, 1890), p. 683.
- ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Hamilton
- Great info and pictures from Undiscovered Scotland
- Visit Scotland: Hamilton
- Low Parks Museum and Hamilton Mausoleum
- Chatelherault Country Park
- Strathclyde Park (partly in Hamilton)
- Hamilton Park Racecourse
- The Regent Shopping Centre
- New Cross Shopping Centre
- Sustrains Connect2 cycle paths
- Hamilton Water Palace
- Hamilton Ice Rink
- Hamilton Palace - A virtual reconstruction
- Udston mining disaster
- Duke of Hamilton
- Duchess of Hamilton
- Clan Hamilton
- National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE (archive films relating to Hamilton)
- Hamilton Academical Football Club
- Hamilton Rugby Club
- Hamilton Golf Club
- Strathclyde Park Golf Course
- Hamilton Lawn Tennis Club
- Hamilton Palace Sports Ground Football, Rugby, Cricket and Bowling
Settlements in South Lanarkshire Towns Villages and HamletsAbington · Allanton · Ashgill · Auchengray · Auchenheath · Blackwood · Braidwood · Carnwath · Carstairs Junction · Carstairs Village · Cartland · Chapelton · Coalburn · Cobbinshaw · Coulter · Crawford · Crawfordjohn · Crossford · Dalserf · Dolphinton · Douglas · Dunsyre · Elsrickle · Forth · Garrion Bridge · Glassford · Kilncadzow · Kirkfieldbank · Kirkmuirhill · Law · Leadhills · Newbigging · Nerston · Pettinain · Quothquan · Ravenstruther · Rigside · Roberton · Rosebank · Sandford · Stonehouse · Symington · Tarbrax · Thankerton · Thorntonhall · Tillietudlem · Wiston · Woolfords · Yieldshields
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hamilton (South Lanarkshire) — Hauptsitz der Verwaltung von South Lanarkshire Hamilton (schottisch gälisch: Hamaltan) ist eine Stadt mit 48.546 Einwohnern in Zentralschottland. Die Stadt liegt am Zusammenfluss von Clyde und Avon, ca. 20 km südöstlich von Glasgow. In Hamilton… … Deutsch Wikipedia
South Lanarkshire — / Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas Consejo unitario del Reino Unido Localización de South Lanarkshire en Escocia … Wikipedia Español
South Lanarkshire — Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas Verwaltungssitz Hamilton Fläche … Deutsch Wikipedia
South Lanarkshire — [ saʊθ lænəkʃɪə], Verwaltungs Distrikt in Schottland, 1 771 km2, 307 100 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Hamilton … Universal-Lexikon
South Lanarkshire — infobox Scotland council area Council= South Lanarkshire Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas SizeRank= 11th Size= 1,772 km² Water= ? AdminHQ= Hamilton ISO= GB SLK ONS= 00RF PopulationRank= 5th PopulationDate= 2004 Population= 305,410 PopulationDensity=172… … Wikipedia
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Hamilton South (Scottish Parliament constituency) — Scottish Parliament constituency infobox Name = Hamilton South Type = burgh Region = Central Scotland Year = 1999 MSP = Tom McCabe Party = Labour Council = South Lanarkshire Hamilton South is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).… … Wikipedia
South Lanarkshire (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = South Lanarkshire Type = County Year = 1868 Abolition = 1918 members = OneSouth Lanarkshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster) from 1868 to … Wikipedia
South Lanarkshire — ▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom council area, south central Scotland, encompassing Clydesdale the valley of the River Clyde and the surrounding lowlands and uplands. South Lanarkshire extends from the heavily urbanized southern… … Universalium
South Lanarkshire — /saʊθ ˈlænəkʃɪə/ (say sawth lanuhkshear), / ʃə/ (say shuh) noun an administrative district in southern Scotland; part of the former county of Lanarkshire which was included in Strathclyde in 1975; formed as a unitary district in 1996. 1772 km2.… … Australian English dictionary