Jasmine


Jasmine

Taxobox
name = "Jasminum"



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Jasminum polyanthum"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
subclassis = Asteridae
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Oleaceae
tribus = Jasmineae
genus = "Jasminum"
genus_authority = L. (1753)
type_species = "Jasminum officinale" L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = More than 200 species, see text.Sources: ING,cite web
url = http://botany.si.edu/ing/INGsearch.cfm?searchword=Jasminum
title = "Jasminum"
accessdate = 2008-06-03
format = HTML
work = Index Nominum Genericorum
publisher = International Association for Plant Taxonomy
] CPN,cite journal
url = http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=116771
title = 10. Jasminum Linnaeus
accessdate = 2008-06-03
journal = Chinese Plant Names
volume = 15
pages = 307
format = HTML
] UniProtUniProt Taxonomy
name = Jasminum
id = 4147
accessdate = 2008-06-03
]

Jasmine or Jessamine ("Jasminum") (from Persian "yasmin", i.e. "gift from God""jasmine, -in, jessamine, -in", OED] ["jasmine." Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002.] , via ArabicMetcalf, 1999, p. 123.] ) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae),with about 200 species, native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World. The majority of species grow as climbers on other plants or on structures such as chicken wire, gates or fences. The leaves can be either evergreen (green all year round) or deciduous (falling leaves in autumn), and are opposite in most species; leaf shape is simple, trifoliate or pinnate with up to nine leaflets.

Description

Jasmine flowers are generally white, although some species have yellow flowers. Unlike most genera in the Oleaceae which have four corolla lobes ("petals"), jasmines often have five or six lobes. They are often strongly and sweetly scented. Flowering is in spring or summer in most species, but in a few species, notably "J. nudiflorum", in winter on the bare branches of this deciduous species. ;Selected species

Cultivation and uses

Jasmine is widely cultivated for their flowers, enjoyed in the garden, as house plants, and as cut flowers. The flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and southeast Asia. Many species also yield an absolute, which is used in the production of perfumes and incense.

Jasmine tisane is consumed in China, where it is called Jasmine flower tea (茉莉花茶;

Cultural importance and other information

The Jasmine is the National Flower of the following countries:

*The Philippines, where it is known as "Sampaguita", and is usually strung on garlands which are then used to adorn religious images.
*Indonesia, where the variety "Jasminum sambac" is the "puspa bangsa" (National Flower), and goes by the name "Melati", In the country, especially the island of Java, it is the most important flower in wedding ceremonies for ethnic Indonesians.
*Pakistan, where "Jasminum officinale" is known as the "Chambeli" or "Yasmine" is the national flower.
*Syria, it is the symbolic flower of Damascus, which is called the City of Jasmines.

In Sanskrit it is called "Mallika". Jasmine is cultivated at Pangala, in Karnataka, India, and exported to Middle Eastern countriesFact|date=February 2007. "J. fluminense" is an invasive species in Hawaii, where it is sometimes known by the inaccurate name "Brazilian Jasmine". "J. dichotomum" is also invasive in Florida.

In Thailand, jasmine flowers are used as a symbol of the mother.

In Okinawa Japan Jasmine Tea is known as Sanpin Cha.

Gallery

References

External links

*wiktionary-inline|Jasminum
*ITIS|ID=32964|taxon=Jasminum L.|year=2008|date=3 June
*cite web
url = http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Jasminum
title = Flora Europaea Search Results
accessdate = 2008-06-03
format = HTML
work = Flora Europaea
publisher = Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh

*cite journal
url = http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=116771
title = "Jasminum" Linn.
accessdate = 2008-06-03
journal = Flora of Pakistan
pages = Page 12
format = HTML

*cite web
url = http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/bd/africa/details.php?langue=an&id=1950
title = "Jasminum" L. record n° 1950
accessdate = 2008-06-03
format = HTML
work = African Plants Database
publisher = South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica
* [http://www.flowers-cs.com/jasmine.html Jasmine Flower]

*NRCS Plants Profile
name = Jasminum
symbol = JASMI
accessdate = 2008-06-03

*Citation|title=The World in So Many Words|first=Allan A.|last=Metcalf|publisher=Houghton Mifflin|year=1999|isbn=0395959209


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jasmine — (englisch für die Pflanze Jasmin) ist ein weiblicher Vorname, der vor allem im englischen Sprachraum gebräuchlich ist.[1] Der Name ist eine Variante des Vornamens Jasmin; zu Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe dort. Einige bekannte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jasmine — Jas mine, n. [F. jasmin, Sp. jazmin, Ar. y[=a]sm[=i]n, Pers. y[=a]sm[=i]n; cf. It. gesmino, gelsomino. Cf. {Jessamine}.] (Bot.) A shrubby plant of the genus {Jasminum}, bearing flowers of a peculiarly fragrant odor. The {Jasminum officinale},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jasmine — (Парика,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Parikia, Парика, 84400, Греция Оп …   Каталог отелей

  • JASMINe — est un outil d administration intelligent de cluster Java EE et de plateforme SOA open source visant à simplifier la vie de l opérateur. Il est développé au sein du consortium ObjectWeb, consortium dont les membres fondateurs sont l INRIA, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jasmine — or jasmin [jaz′min, jas′min] n. [Fr jasmin < Ar yās(a)mīn < Pers yāsamīn] 1. any of a genus (Jasminum) of tropical and subtropical plants of the olive family, with fragrant flowers of yellow, red, or white, used in perfumes or for scenting… …   English World dictionary

  • Jasmine — f English: from the vocabulary word denoting the climbing plant with its delicate, fragrant flowers (from Old French, ultimately from Persian yasmin). Variants: Jasmin, YASMIN (SEE Yasmin) …   First names dictionary

  • jasmine — 1570s, from Fr. jasmin (M.Fr. jessemin), from Arabic yas(a)min, from Pers. yasmin (Cf. Gk. iasme, iasmelaion, name of a Persian perfume). The plant first was grown in England 16c …   Etymology dictionary

  • jasmine — (also jessamine) ► NOUN ▪ a shrub or climbing plant with fragrant, often yellow, flowers. ORIGIN French jasmin, from Persian …   English terms dictionary

  • jasmine — jasmined, adj. jasminelike, adj. /jaz min, jas /, n. 1. any of numerous shrubs or vines belonging to the genus Jasminum, of the olive family, having fragrant flowers and used in perfumery. 2. any of several other plants having similar fragrant… …   Universalium

  • Jasmine — /jaz min, jas /, n. a female given name. Also, Jasmin, Jasmina /jaz meuh neuh, jas /. * * * Any of about 300 tropical and subtropical species of fragrant, flowering, woody, climbing shrubs that make up the genus Jasminum of the olive family,… …   Universalium