Emilio Pucci

Emilio Pucci

Infobox Fashion Designer
name = Emilio Pucci

caption =
birth_date = birth date|1914|11|20|df=y
birth_place =
death_date =
death_place = Florence
residence = Florence
nationality = Italian
education =
label_name = Emilio Pucci
awards =
known_for = Geometric prints
occupation = Fashion designer
Infobox Company
name = Emilio Pucci S.r.l.

type = Private
foundation = Florence (1947)
founder = Emilio Pucci
location = Florence
locations =
area_served = Worldwide
key_people =
industry = Fashion
products = Clothing, homewares
services =
revenue =
operating_income =
net_income =
assets =
equity =
owner = LVMH (67%), Pucci family (?)
num_employees =
parent =
divisions =
subsid =
homepage = [http://www.emiliopucci.com/ www.emiliopucci.com]
footnotes =
intl =

Emilio Pucci, Marchese di Barsento (November 20 1914 – 29 November 1992) was an Italian fashion designer and politician. He and his eponymous company are synonymous with geometric prints in a kaleidoscope of colours.

Early life

Pucci was born in 1914 to one of Florence’s oldest noble families, and would live and work in the Pucci Palace in Florence for much of his life. He was a keen sportsman, who swam, skied, fenced, played tennis and raced cars.Citation | last =Morris | first =Bernadine | author-link = | publication-date = 1992-12-01 | date = | year =1992 | title =Emilio Pucci, Designer of Bright Prints, Dies at 78 | periodical =New York Times | url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE7D8173FF932A35751C1A964958260 | issn = | doi = | oclc = | accessdate =2008-04-22 Not as reliable as it should be - for instance, it gets his political career all wrong.] At the age of 17 he travelled to Lake Placid as part of the Italian team at the 1932 Winter Olympics, but did not compete. [Citation | last = III Olympic Winter Games Committee | author-link = 1932 Winter Olympics | last2 =ed. Lattimer | first2 = George M. | author2-link = | publication-date =1932 | title = III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid, 1932 Official Report | publication-place =Lake Placid, New York, USA | page = 275 | id = | isbn = | doi = | oclc = | url = http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1932/1932w.pdf
accessdate = 2008-04-22

After two years at the University of Milan, he studied agriculture at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia.cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/docs/v13i2a16p_0015.htm|title= The Ciano Papers: Rose Garden | last= McGaw Smyth |first= Howard | date=1969 | publisher=Central Intelligence Agency | accessdate=2008-04-23] In 1935 he won a skiing scholarshipfact|date=April 2008 to Reed College in Oregon, received an MA in social science from Reed in 1937, and was awarded his doctorate ("laurea") in political science from the University of Florence the same year. In 1938 he joined the Italian Air Force, and served as a bomber pilot during WWII, rising to the rank of captain and decorated for valour by the time he left to pursue his fashion career.

At Reed he was known as a staunch defender of the Fascist regime in Italy, and during the war he became a confidant of Mussolini's eldest daughter, Edda Ciano. Pucci played a key role in the plan to save her husband after his part in the downfall of Mussolini, delivering some of Count Ciano's papers to the Gestapo so that they could be bartered for Ciano's life. After Hitler vetoed the scheme, Pucci drove Edda to the Swiss border on 9 January 1944 and ensured her escape.

Fashion career

The first clothes designed by Pucci were for the Reed College skiing team. But his designs came to wider attention in 1947, when he was on leave in Zermatt, Switzerland. Skiwear that he had designed for a female friend was photographed by Toni Frissell, a photographer working for "Harper's Bazaar". Frissell's editor asked Pucci to design skiwear for a story on European Winter Fashion, which ran in the winter 1948 issue of the "Bazaar". Although there had been some experiments with stretch fabrics in Europe before the war, Pucci's sleek designs caused a sensation, and he received several offers from American manufacturers to produce them. Instead he left the Air Force and set up a haute couture house in the fashionable resort of Canzone del Mare on the Isle of Capri.

Initially he used his knowledge of stretch fabrics to produce a swimwear line in 1949, but soon moved onto other items such as brightly-coloured, boldly-patterned silk scarves. Stanley Marcus of Neiman Marcus encouraged him to use the designs in blouses and then a popular line of wrinkle-free printed silk dresses. Pucci added a boutique in Rome as business thrived, helped by Capri's role as a destination for the international jet set. By the mid 50's, Pucci was achieving international recognition, receiving the "Neiman-Marcus Award" in Dallas and the "Burdine's Sunshine Award" in Miami. Marilyn Monroe was buried with one of his dresses, and his designs were worn by everyone from Sophia Loren to Jackie Kennedy.Citation | last = Attolico
first = Eleonora | author-link = | publication-date = 2007-05-16 | date = | year =2007 | title =Buon compleanno maison Pucci 60 anni di moda innovativa | periodical =L'espresso | publication-place =Rome | url =http://espresso.repubblica.it/dettaglio/Buon-compleanno-maison-Pucci-60-anni-di-moda-innovativa/1611724 | issn = | doi = | oclc = | accessdate =2008-04-23

In 1959, Pucci decided to create a lingerie line. His atelier in Rome advised him to develop the line abroad, avoiding the difficulties of a decade earlier in matching available fabrics to the patterns of his first swimwear line. As a result, Pucci came to Chicago giving the lingerie contract to Formfit-Rogers mills. The venture proved to be successful, and Pucci was made vice president in charge of design and merchandising for the company a year later. Also in 1959, Pucci was introduced to Baronessa Cristina Nannini, a Roman baroness, at his boutique in Capri. Pucci would later marry her, claiming: "I married a Botticelli". [ Citation | last = Settembrini | first =Luigi | author-link = | last2 = Katell Le Bourhis | first2 =Stefania Ricci | author2-link = | publication-date = | date = | year = | title =Emilio Pucci (Florence Biennale) | edition = | volume = | series = | publication-place = | place = | publisher = Skira Editore | pages = | page = | id = | isbn =9788881181766 | doi = | oclc = | url = | accessdate =]

Braniff and NASA

In 1965, New York ad agency Jack Tinker and Associates was hired by Braniff International Airways to update their image. The agency's Mary Wells hired Alexander Girard to remodel the terminals, and Pucci to design new clothes for the hostesses.Citation | last = Jacobs | first = Laura | author-link = | publication-date =1998 | date = | year = | title =stewardesses | periodical =2wice | publication-place =East Hampton, NY | place = | publisher =2wice Arts Foundation, Inc. | volume =2 | issue =2 | pages =26-33 | url = http://web.archive.org/web/20021219051134/http://www.2wice.org/issues/uniform/stew.html |accessdate=2002-12-19 | issn = | doi = | oclc = Good overview of how Wells and Pucci transformed the image of stewardesses] As the ads put it, it was "The End of the Plain Plane". Pucci would end up designing seven complete outfits for Braniff hostesses, pilots and ground crew between 1965 and 1977.fact|date=April 2008 A mark of his impact was that by 1968 Barbie had versions of all of his first four uniforms.These avant-garde creations were designed as individual components to be added or removed as weather dictated. The uniforms included turtlenecks, t-shirts, crop jackets and culottes. Among the more unusual innovations was a "bubble helmet" — a clear plastic hood worn by flight attendants between terminal building and aircraft to protect their hairdos from rain and the blast of jet engines. [ cite web|url=http://www.flickr.com/photos/bloggy/164211997/ |title=Braniff Airlines flight attendant uniforms by Pucci and Halston|accessdate=2008-04-23Photo of bubble helmet. Flickr photos can usually be used on Wikipedia, if someone wants to display it here] Pucci incorporated Girard's "BI" logo into some of his prints.

Pucci's influence even extended to the Moon. He suggested the three bird motif for the design of the Apollo 15 mission patch, although the crew replaced his blues and greens with a more patriotic red, white and blue.

Political career

In addition to his work in fashion, Pucci contested the Florence–Pistoia district for the Italian Liberal Party in the Italian election of April 1963. He came second on their slate with 2,780 votes behind Vittorio Fossombroni, but the party only won one seat. [cite web|url=http://elezionistorico.interno.it/candidatodilista.php?tp=C&dt=28/04/1963&cta=I&tpEnte=I&tpSeg=C&numEnte=14&sut1=&sut2=&sut3=&descEnte=%20Circoscrizione:%20FIRENZE-PISTOIA&descArea=&numLista=2&descLista=PLI|title=Elezioni della Camera dei Deputati del 28 Aprile 1963 Circoscrizione: FIRENZE-PISTOIA|publisher=Ministry of the Interior, Italy|accessdate=2008-04-23it] However he succeeded Fossombroni in the Italian Chamber of Deputies in August of that year. He retained his seat in the 1968 election, but lost it in the 1972 election, [Citation | last = | first = | author-link = | publication-date =1972-05-22 | date = | year =1972 | title =Forward to the Past | periodical =TIME | publication-place = | place = | publisher = | volume = | issue = | pages = | url =http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,879081,00.html | issn = | doi = | oclc = | accessdate =2008-04-23] despite being the district's top PLI candidate with 4,231 votes. [cite web|url=http://elezionistorico.interno.it/candidatodilista.php?tp=C&dt=07/05/1972&cta=I&tpEnte=I&tpSeg=C&numEnte=14&sut1=&sut2=&sut3=&descEnte=%20Circoscrizione:%20FIRENZE-PISTOIA&descArea=&numLista=6&descLista=PLI|title=Elezioni della Camera dei Deputati del 7 Maggio 1972 Circoscrizione: FIRENZE-PISTOIA|publisher=Ministry of the Interior, Italy|accessdate=2008-04-23it]

Pucci label

After Emilio's death in 1992 his daughter, Laudomia Pucci, continued to design under the Pucci name. The French Louis Vuitton-Moet-Hennessy Group luxury goods empire acquired 67% of Pucci in 2000. Laudomia became Image Director, whilst LVMH brought in major designers such as Christian Lacroix (creative director 2002-5), and in October 2005, Matthew Williamson. Other designers who have worked for the label include Stephan Janson and Julio Espada.

Emilio Pucci clothes and accessories are sold through Emilio Pucci and Rossignol boutiques worldwide and in high-end department stores, mostly feature the designer's original brightly coloured, often swirly, prints or new designs in his original distinct style. The fashion house produces ready-to-wear clothes and accessories for women, in addition to a small range of men's accessories. In the past, the house has produced a more comprehensive range of men's wear, including a line in partnership with Ermenegildo Zegna, which included men's jackets lined with Pucci printed fabric, especially for American department store Saks Fifth Avenue.

A limited-edition Pucci carrying case for the PlayStation Portable handheld gaming system was marketed by Sony as a high-end accessory on their "PlayStation Signature" line. [ [http://www.playstation.com/signature/index_e.html PlayStation Signature accessories, among which an Emilio Pucci case was sold.] ]

Pucci boutiques in the U.S. are located in New York, Bal Harbour, Palm Beach, Beverly Hills, Boston, South Coast Plaza, and Las Vegas.

External links

* [http://emiliopucci.com/ www.emiliopucci.com] Official Site
* [http://www.flybraniff.com/ FlyBraniff.com] History of Braniff International Airlines, including the Pucci uniforms and some promotional films
* [http://vintagepatterns.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Pucci Wikia.com] Sewing patterns by Pucci
* [http://espresso.repubblica.it/style_design/home/699731 Pucci since 1948] Photos of Pucci designs through time, including Poppi de Salis wearing one of the original ski suits
* [http://espresso.repubblica.it/style_design/home/700028 Pucci 2000-2007] Photos of some recent Pucci designs

Notes and references

NAME=Pucci, Emilio
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Fashion designer and politician
DATE OF BIRTH=1914-11-20
DATE OF DEATH=1992-11-29

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