Polysiphonia


Polysiphonia

Taxobox
color = khaki
name = "Polysiphonia"


image_width = 240px
regnum = Protista
phylum = Rhodophyta
classis = Florideophyceae
ordo = Ceramiales
familia = Rhodomelaceae
genus = "Polysiphonia"
genus_authority = Greville
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision =

"Polysiphonia" is a genus of red algae with about 19 species on the coasts of the British Isles and about 200 species world-wide, including Antarctica and Greenland. cite web |url=http://www.algaebase.org/generadetail.lasso?genus_id=37461 |work=AlgaeBase |title="Polysiphonia" Greville 1823: pl. 90 |author=Norris, R.E. & Guiry, M.D. |date=2006-03-15] cite book |author=Stegenga, H., Bolton,J.J. & Anderson,R.J.|year=1997| title=Seaweeds of the South African West Coast |publisher=Bolus Herbarium Number 18] It is in the Order Ceramiales and Family Rhodomelaceae. cite book |author=Abbott, I.A. & Hollenberg,G.J. |year=1976 |title=Marine Algae of California |publisher=Stanford University Press, California |isbn=0-8047-0867-3 |oclc=180623827]

Description

"Polysiphonia" is a red alga, filamentous and usually well branched some plants reaching a length of about 30 cm. They are attached by rhizoids or haptera to a rocky surface or other alga. The thallus (tissue) consists of fine branched filaments each with a central axial filament supporting pericentral cells. The number of these pericentral cells, 4–24, is used in identification. Cite book |author=van den Hoek, C., Mann,D.G. & Jahns,M.H. |year=1995 |title=Algae: An Introduction to Phycology |publisher=Cambridge University Press, Cambridge |isbn=0-521-30419-9 |oclc=28182088] [cite journal |quotes=no |url=http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/indexmag.html?http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artmar99/red.html |title="Polysiphonia", a red alga |author=Parmentier,Jan |journal=Micscape Magazine |year=1999] [cite web |url=http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d44/polysiph.htm |title="Polysiphonia nigrescens" |date=2003-07-31 |publisher=University of Hamburg |work=Botanik online |author=von Sengbusch,Peter] "Polysiphonia elongata" [cite web |author=Guiry,M.D. |date=2004-09-23 |work=AlgaeBase |title="Polysiphonia echinata" Harvey |url=http://www.algaebase.org/speciesdetail.lasso?species_id=173&sk=40&from=results] shows a central axial cell with 4 periaxial cells with cortical cells growing over the outside on the older fronds.

Features used in identification include the number of pericentral cells, the cortication of main branches, constriction of young branches at their base, whether the branching dichotomous or spiral, and the width and length of thalli.

Distribution and ecology

Species have been recorded from Europe, Australia and New Zealand, North America and South America, islands in the Pacific Ocean, South Africa, southwest Asia, Japan, Greenland and Antarctica.

The species are entirely marine, found growing on rock, other algae, mussels or limpets and artificial substrata etc from mid-littoral to at least 27 m depth. Many species are abundant in rock pools. "Polysiphonia lanosa" is commonly found growing on "Ascophyllum nodosum." [cite web |url=http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/Polysiphonialanosa.htm |title="Polysiphonia lanosa" |publisher=Marine Life Information Network for Britain & Ireland]

Life cycle

The life-cycle of the red algae has three stages (triphasic). In "Polysiphonia" it consists of a sequence of a gametangial, carposporangial and tetrasporangial phases. cite book |author=Dixon,P.D. |year=1973 |title=Biology of Rhodophyta |publisher=Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh |isbn=0-05-002485-X |oclc=944032] Male (haploid) plants (the male gametophytes) produce spermatia and the female plants (the female gametophytes) produce the carpogonium (the haploid carpogonium) which remains attached to the parent female plant. After fertilization the diploid nucleus migrates and fuses with an auxiliary cell. A complex series of fusions and developments follow as the diploid zygote develops to become the carposporophyte, this is a separate phase of the life-cycle and is entirely parasitic on the female, it is surrounded by the haploid pericarp of the parent female plant. The diploid carpospores produced in the carposporangium when released are non-motile, they settle and grow to form filamentous diploid plants similar to the gametophyte. This diploid plant is the tetrasporophyte which when adult produced spores in fours after meiosis. These spores settle and grow to become the male and female plants thus completing the cycle. cite book |author=Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. |year=2003 |title=Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast |publisher=Sea Challengers, California |isbn=0-930118-29-4 |oclc=50912900]

pecies

British Isles.

"Polysiphonia atlantica" Kapraun & J.Norris. cite book |author=Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. |year=1993 |title=Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1: Rhodophyta |publisher=HMSO, London |isbn=0-11-310045-0 |oclc=28928653]

References

External links

*cite web |url=http://www.mbari.org/staff/conn/botany/reds/Sarah/index.htm |title="Polysiphonia" |author=Sarah Skine |year=2000 |publisher=Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polysiphonĭa — (P. Grev.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Confervaceae Ceramieae; Arten: Seegewächse im Atlantischen u. Nordmeer …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Polysiphonia — Polysiphonĭa Grew., Röhrentang, Algengattg. der Rhodophyzeen, meist rosa gefärbte kleine Pflänzchen an Steinen, in allen Meeren. P. fructiculōsa Spreng., ein Teil des Karagaheenmooses, P. urceolāta Lightf. [Abb. 1416] und andere Arten in europ.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Polysiphonia (22) — Род POLYSIPHONIA Grev. Rhodophyta, Florideophyceae, Ceramiales, Rhodomelaceae Таллом в виде кустиков, различно разветвленных, состоит из центральной осевой нити, окруженной одним рядом периферических сифонов (Рис. 2, 4, 5.) в количестве 4 25. Под …   Атлас-определитель макрофитов Белого моря

  • polysiphonia — poly·si·pho·nia …   English syllables

  • polysiphonia — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˌsīˈfōnēə noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from poly + siphon + ia : a large genus of red algae (family Rhodomelaceae) having usually a filamentous much branched thallus variable in shape and size but in cross section… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Polysiphonia stricta — Polysiphonia stricta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polysiphonia stricta — Polysiphonia stricta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Полисифония — (Polysiphonia Grevill) морская красная (см.) водоросль из семейства Rhodomelaceae, имеет вид небольших ветвистых кустиков пурпурно , темно , буро красного и даже бурого цвета. Стебли и ветви радиально симметричного строения; внутри их проходит… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • RHODOPHYCÉES — Les Rhodophycées ou Algues rouges sont en majorité des algues marines. On en connaît plus de 4 000 espèces, réparties dans 600 genres environ. Seule classe de l’embranchement des Rhodophytes, elles comprennent deux sous classes assez différentes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rhodophyceae — Rotalgen Batrachospermum moniliforme Systematik Klassifikation: Lebewesen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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