- Warszewiczia coccinea
Warszewiczia coccinea Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Gentianales Family: Rubiaceae Subfamily: Cinchonoideae Tribe: Rondeletieae Genus: Warszewiczia Species: W. coccinea Binomial name Warszewiczia coccinea
(Vahl) Klotzsch, 1853
Warszewiczia coccinea (or Chaconia, Wild Poinsettia and Pride of Trinidad and Tobago) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is the national flower of Trinidad and Tobago because it blooms on 31 August, which coincides with the day that Trinidad and Tobago became independent from Great Britain. It was named Chaconia after Trinidad's last colonial Spanish Governor Don Jose Maria Chacon, who is credited with a vast upgrading of the island and its capital Port of Spain.
A cultivar, the Double Chaconia, which has a double row of bracts, is the more widely cultivated form. This plant originates from cuttings taken from a wild plant found growing along a roadside. Since propagation from seed has not yet been successful, all Double Chaconias have been propagated by cuttings from this individual.
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