New Zealand general election, 1853


New Zealand general election, 1853
1853 general election
New Zealand
14 July – 1 October 1853
→ 1855
members

All 37 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
  First party


  No image.png


Party Independent


Last election 37 seats
Seats won 37
Seat change increase 37
Popular vote N/A
Percentage N/A
Swing N/A

The 1853 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 1st term. It was the first national election ever held in New Zealand, although Parliament did not yet have full authority to govern the colony, which was part of the British Empire at that time.

Contents

Background

Election poster in support of William Barnard Rhodes, standing for Wellington Country

The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, established a bicameral New Zealand Parliament, with the lower house (the House of Representatives) being elected by popular vote. Votes were to be cast under a simple FPP system, and the secret ballot had not yet been introduced. To qualify as a voter, one needed to be male, to be a British subject, to be at least 21 years old, to own a certain value of land, and to not be serving a criminal sentence.

At the time of the 1853 elections, there were no political parties in New Zealand. As such, all candidates were independents.

The election

In the 1853 elections, election day was different in each seat. The first seat to be elected was Bay of Islands on 14 July, and the final election day was on 1 October.[1] Hugh Carleton (Bay of Islands) was the first MP ever elected in New Zealand (though he was elected unopposed), so he liked to be called the Father of the House.[2]

There were 5,849 people registered to vote.[1] The number of electoral districts was 24, and some districts elected multiple MPs. The total number of seats was 37.[1] Some parts of the colony were not part of any district, and did not have representation in Parliament.[2]

Results

NewZealandElectorates1853-Labeled.png

Member Electorate Province Election date
Bacot, JohnJohn Bacot Pensioner Settlements Auckland 02011-08-13 13 August[3]
Bartley, ThomasThomas Bartley AucklandCity of Auckland Auckland 02011-08-11 11 August[4]
Cargill, JohnJohn Cargill Dunedin Country Otago 02011-10-01 1 October[5]
Carleton, HughHugh Carleton Bay of Islands Auckland 02011-07-14 14 July[5]
Cautley, WilliamWilliam Cautley Waimea Nelson 02011-08-16 16 August[6]
Clifford, CharlesCharles Clifford WellingtonCity of Wellington Wellington 02011-08-15 15 August[6]
Crompton, WilliamWilliam Crompton Omata New Plymouth 02011-08-26 26 August[7]
Cutten, WilliamWilliam Cutten Dunedin Country Otago 02011-10-01 1 October[7]
Featherston, IsaacIsaac Featherston Wanganui and Rangitikei Wellington 02011-08-12 12 August[8]
FitzGerald, JamesJames FitzGerald LytteltonTown of Lyttelton Canterbury 02011-08-17 17 August[9]
Forsaith, ThomasThomas Forsaith Northern Division Auckland 02011-08-23 23 August[10]
Gledhill, FrancisFrancis Gledhill New PlymouthTown of New Plymouth New Plymouth 02011-08-26 26 August[11]
Gray, JohnJohn Gray Southern Division Auckland 02011-08-23 23 August[12]
Greenwood, JosephJoseph Greenwood Pensioner Settlements Auckland 02011-08-13 13 August[12]
Hart, RobertRobert Hart WellingtonCity of Wellington Wellington 02011-08-15 15 August[13]
Kelham, JamesJames Kelham WellingtonCity of Wellington Wellington 02011-08-15 15 August[14]
King, ThomasThomas King Grey and Bell New Plymouth 02011-08-27 27 August[14]
Lee, WalterWalter Lee Northern Division Auckland 02011-08-23 23 August[15]
Ludlam, AlfredAlfred Ludlam Hutt Wellington 02011-08-18 18 August[15]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew DunedinTown of Dunedin Otago 02011-09-27 27 September[16]
Mackay, JamesJames Mackay NelsonTown of Nelson Nelson 02011-07-25 25 July[17]
Merriman, FrederickFrederick Merriman Auckland Suburbs Auckland 02011-08-10 10 August[18]
Monro, DavidDavid Monro Waimea Nelson 02011-08-16 16 August[19]
Moorhouse, WilliamWilliam Moorhouse Akaroa Canterbury 02011-08-24 24 August[19]
O'Brien, LoughlinLoughlin O'Brien AucklandCity of Auckland Auckland 02011-08-11 11 August[20]
O'Neill, JamesJames O'Neill AucklandCity of Auckland Auckland 02011-08-11 11 August[21]
Picard, AlfredAlfred Picard Motueka and Massacre Bay Nelson 02011-08-18 18 August[22]
Porter, WilliamWilliam Porter Auckland Suburbs Auckland 02011-08-10 10 August[23]
Revans, SamuelSamuel Revans Wairarapa and Hawkes Bay Wellington 02011-08-12 12 August[24]
Rhodes, WilliamWilliam Rhodes Wellington Country Wellington 02011-08-18 18 August[25]
Sewell, HenryHenry Sewell ChristchurchTown of Christchurch Canterbury 02011-08-20 20 August[26]
Stuart-Wortley, JamesJames Stuart-Wortley Christchurch Country Canterbury 02011-08-27 27 August[27]
Taylor, CharlesCharles Taylor Southern Division Auckland 02011-08-23 23 August[28]
Travers, WilliamWilliam Travers NelsonTown of Nelson Nelson 02011-07-25 25 July[29]
Wakefield, Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon Wakefield Hutt Wellington 02011-08-19 19 August[30]
Wakefield, Edward JerninghamEdward Jerningham Wakefield Christchurch Country Canterbury 02011-08-27 27 August[30]
Weld, FrederickFrederick Weld Wairau Nelson 02011-08-02 2 August[31]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. http://www.elections.org.nz/elections/resultsdata/elections-dates-turnout.html. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Wilson 1984.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  5. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  6. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  7. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 109.
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  14. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  15. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  16. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  17. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 123.
  18. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  19. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  20. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 129.
  21. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  22. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  23. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 133.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  25. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  26. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  27. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  28. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  29. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  30. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  31. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 147.

References

  • Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840-1949. Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840-1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

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