- City -
Clockwise from the top: The Novosibirsk TV Tower, Lenin Square, The City Harbour, The Shore Promenade, Turkish War Monument
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Coordinates: Coordinates: Coat of arms Flag City Day September 12 Administrative status Country Russia Federal subject Krasnodar Krai Municipal status Urban okrug Novorossiysk Urban Okrug Mayor Vladimir Sinyagovsky Representative body City Duma Statistics Area 853 km2 (329 sq mi) Population (2010 Census,
241,788 inhabitants - Rank in 2010 76th Population (2002 Census) 232,079 inhabitants - Rank in 2002 78th Density 283 /km2 (730 /sq mi) Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00) Founded 1836 Postal code(s) 353900—353925 Dialing code(s) +7 8617 Official website
Novorossiysk (Russian: Новоросси́йск; Adyghe: Цӏэмэз, Ts'emez) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is the country's main port on the Black Sea and the leading Russian port for importing grain. It is one of the few cities honored with the title of the Hero City. Population: 241,788 (2010 Census preliminary results); 232,079 (2002 Census); 185,938 (1989 Census).
In antiquity, the shores of the Tsemess Bay were the site of Bata, an ancient Greek colony that specialized in the grain trade. It is mentioned in the works of Strabo and Ptolemy, among others. The Genoese merchants from the Ghisolfi family maintained a trade outpost there in the Middle Ages. Archaeological investigation of the area is in its infancy, but some interesting items have already been uncovered.
Since 1722, the bay was commanded by the Ottoman fortress of Sujuk-Qale or Soğucak. After the coastline was ceded to Russia in 1829 as a result of a Russo-Turkish War, the admirals Mikhail Lazarev and Nikolay Raevsky founded an eastern base for the Black Sea Fleet on the shore in 1838. Named after the province of Novorossiya, the port formed a vital link in the chain of forts known as the Black Sea Coastal Line, which stretched south to Sochi.
During the rest of the 19th century, Novorossiysk developed rapidly. It was granted city status in 1866 and became the capital of the Black Sea Governorate, the smallest in the Russian Empire, in 1896. In December 1905, the city was the seat of the short-lived Novorossiysk Republic. From August 26, 1918 until March 27, 1920, Novorossiysk was the principal center of Denikin's White Army. Denikin's South Russian Government was moved to Crimea and many Whites escaped from Novorossiysk to Constantinople.
In 1942, the town was occupied by the Wehrmacht, but a small unit of Soviet sailors defended one part of the town, known as Malaya Zemlya, for 225 days, until it was liberated by the Red Army on September 16, 1943. The heroic defense of the port by the sailors allowed the Soviets to retain possession of the city's bay, which prevented the Germans from using the port for supply shipments. Novorossiysk was awarded the title Hero City in 1973.
In 2003, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree setting up a naval base for the Black Sea Fleet in Novorossiysk. Russia has allocated 12.3 billion rubles (about $480 million) for the construction of the new base between 2007 and 2012. The construction of other facilities and infrastructure at the base, including units for coastal troops, aviation and logistics, will continue beyond 2012.
The Russian lease on port facilities in Sevastopol, Ukraine's main port on the Black Sea, used by the Russian Navy, expires in 2017. Ukraine was reported to be planning to not renew the lease; however, in April 2010 the Russian and Ukrainian Presidents signed agreements to renew the lease by twenty-five years, with an option of further extension by five years, after the new term expires.
The city sprawls along the shore of the non-freezing Tsemess Bay, which has been recognized since antiquity as one of the superior bays of the Black Sea.
The Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port–with the market capitalization of $1,110,000,000 and shares listed at Russian Trading System and London Stock Exchange–serves Russian sea trade with regions of Asia, Middle East, Africa, Mediterranean, and South America. It is the busiest oil port in the Black Sea and the terminus of the pipeline from the Tengiz Field, developed by the Caspian Pipeline Consortium.
Novorossiysk is also an industrial city, dependent on steel, food processing, and the production of metal goods and other manufactures. Extensive limestone quarries supply important cement factories in and around the city. The town is home to the Maritime State Academy and Novorossiysk Polytechnic Institute.
Novorossiysk is connected by rail and highways to the main industrial and population centres of Russia, Transcaucasia, and Central Asia. The public transportation within the city boundaries consists of city buses, trolleybuses, and marshrutkas.
The closest airport, Anapa Airport, is located in nearby Anapa and offers flights to several major cities in Russia.
The city association football team, FC Chernomorets Novorossiysk, plays in the Russian first Division.
Novorossiysk is not a resort town, but Anapa to the north and Gelendzhik to the south are. There are several urban settlements under the jurisdiction of Novorossiysk. The most famous is Abrau-Dyurso, which consists of a townlet on the shore of Lake Abrau and a village on the coast of the Black Sea, connected by a winding mountain road.
The area of Novorossiysk is one of Russia's main wine-growing regions. The wineries of Abrau-Dyurso, established by Tsar Alexander III in 1870, produce table and sparkling wines for domestic consumption.
Buildings and structures
Twin towns/sister cities
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- ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
- ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
- ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- ^ Michael J. Strauss (2009-01-09). "And when the lease on Sevastopol expires?". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2009/01/09/opinion/edstrauss.php. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- Soviet topographic map 1:100,000
- Municipal site (Russian)
- Novorossiysk commercial sea port (English)
- Informational portal of city (Russian)
- Our Novorossiysk (Russian)
- Photos of Novorossiysk (Russian)
- Photos of Durso, around Novorossiysk (English)
- Weather forecast for Novorossiysk (English)
Administrative divisions of Krasnodar Krai Cities and townsAbinsk · Anapa · Apsheronsk · Armavir · Belorechensk · Gelendzhik · Goryachy Klyuch · Gulkevichi · Khadyzhensk · Korenovsk · Kropotkin · Krymsk · Kurganinsk · Labinsk · Novokubansk · Novorossiysk · Primorsko-Akhtarsk · Slavyansk-na-Kubani · Sochi · Temryuk · Tikhoretsk · Timashyovsk · Tuapse · Ust-Labinsk · Yeysk DistrictsAbinsky · Anapsky · Apsheronsky · Beloglinsky · Belorechensky · Bryukhovetsky · Dinskoy · Gulkevichsky · Kalininsky · Kanevskoy · Kavkazsky · Korenovsky · Krasnoarmeysky · Krylovsky · Krymsky · Kurganinsky · Kushchyovsky · Labinsky · Leningradsky · Mostovsky · Novokubansky · Novopokrovsky · Otradnensky · Pavlovsky · Primorsko-Akhtarsky · Seversky · Shcherbinovsky · Slavyansky · Starominsky · Tbilissky · Temryuksky · Tikhoretsky · Timashyovsky · Tuapsinsky · Uspensky · Ust-Labinsky · Vyselkovsky · Yeysky Hero Cities of the former Soviet Union
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Look at other dictionaries:
Novorossiysk — (Ruso Новороссийск) es una ciudad del sur de Rusia, uno de los principales puertos Rusos del Mar Negro , en Krasnodar Krai. Es una de las pocas ciudades honrada con el titulo Sovietico de Ciudad Heroica. La ciudad tiene 246,900 habitantes (2004) … Enciclopedia Universal
Novorossiysk — /noh veuh reuh seesk /; Russ. /neuh veuh rddu syeesk /, n. a seaport in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Black Sea. 179,000. Also, Novorossiisk. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled Novorossijsk, or Novorssiisk city, Krasnodar kray… … Universalium
Novorossiysk — Original name in latin Novorossiysk Name in other language Noborosisk, Novorosijsk, Novorossiejsk, Novorossiisk, Novorossijsk, Novorossisk, Novorossiysk, Noworossiisk, Noworossijsk, Noworosyjsk, nobolosiseukeu, Новоросијск, Новороссийск State… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Novorossiysk — Novorossiisk Novorossiisk Новороссийск … Wikipédia en Français
Novorossiysk — Stadt Noworossijsk Новороссийск Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Novorossiysk — noun A city in southern Russia, the main Russian port on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai … Wiktionary
Novorossiysk — No•vo•ros•siysk or No•vo•ros•siisk [[t]ˌnoʊ və rəˈsisk[/t]] n. geg a seaport in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Black Sea. 179,000 … From formal English to slang
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Novorossiysk (disambiguation) — Novorossiysk may refer to: Novorossiysk, a city in southern Russia Novorossiysk Governorate, a governorate of the Russian Empire Soviet aircraft carrier Novorossiysk Italian battleship Giulio Cesare, an Italian battleship that served in both… … Wikipedia
Novorossiysk TV Tower — is a 261 metres tall tower, used for FM and TV transmission at Novorossiysk in Russia. Novorossiysk TV Tower was completed in 1996. See also List of towers External links http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=476725 … Wikipedia