Germanic calendar

Germanic calendar

The Germanic calendars were the regional agricultural almanacs used amongst the Germanic peoples, prior to the adoption of the Julian and later the Gregorian calendar.Fact|date=February 2007

The months were probably lunar; the Old English "mónaþ", Old Norse "mánaðr, and Old High German "mánód",] as well as the modern English "month", modern Icelandic "mánuður", modern Swedish "månad", and the German "Monat", are all cognate with the word "moon".

The Germanic peoples had their own names for the months which varied by region and dialect, which were later replaced with local adaptations of the Roman month names. However, Germanic languages have largely kept the old Germanic names for the days of the week, most of which are named after Germanic gods.

Our main source of reference for Old English month names comes from the Venerable Bede (ca.672 - 735). He recorded the pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon month names in his Latin work known as "De temporum ratione" ("De mensibus Anglorum"). [ [ Beda Venerabilis ] ]

Charlemagne (ca.742 or 747 - 814) modified the established Julian Calendar to use the agricultural Old High German names of the months in areas under his influence. (See for other examples.) They were used until the 15th century, and with some modifications until the late 18th century in Germany and in the Netherlands (sensu lato). Some of these more recent German month names are given in the table below.

Month names


External links

*de icon [ Old High German dictionary, including month names]
* [ Northvegr article on dating]
*oe icon [ Hwæt! Months & Seasons]
* [ Facts and Figures: The Norse Way] General information on old Germanic culture, including time.
*de icon [ Old High German dictionary, including month names]
*de icon [ Old Norse dictionary, including month names]
*de icon [ Old English dictionary, including month names]
* [ Anglo-Saxon month names]
* [ The Germanic Lunar Calendar]
* [ The Anglo-Saxon Calendar]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Germanic paganism — refers to the religious beliefs of the Germanic peoples preceding Christianization. The best documented version of the Germanic pagan religions is 10th and 11th century Norse paganism, though other information can be found from Anglo Saxon… …   Wikipedia

  • Calendar — For other uses, see Calendar (disambiguation). For the Gregorian calendar for this year, see Common year starting on Saturday. A page from the Hindu calendar 1871–1872. A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Germanic deities — A scene from one of the Merseburg Incantations: the Germanic gods Wodan and Balder stand before the goddesses Sunna, Sinthgunt, Volla and Friia (Emil Doepler, 1905) In Germanic paganism, the indigenous religion of the ancient Germanic peo …   Wikipedia

  • Dwarf (Germanic mythology) — Two dwarfs as depicted in a 19th century edition of the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá (1895) by Lorenz Frølich In Germanic mythology, a dwarf (Old English dweorg, Old Norse dvergr, Old High German zwerc and git …   Wikipedia

  • Runic calendar — Rune staffs at the Museum of History in Lund, Sweden. A Runic calendar (also Rune staff or Runic Almanac) is a perpetual calendar based on the 19 year long Metonic cycle of the Moon. Runic calendars were written on parchment or carved onto …   Wikipedia

  • Middle-earth calendar — refers to one of the systems of keeping time in the fictional Middle earth devised by J. R. R. Tolkien and described in The Lord of the Rings. Because Middle earth was intended to be our world in the distant past, the basic structure of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of confederations of Germanic tribes — The following are some historical Germanic Confederations: 230 BC Bastarnae, a mixture of Germanic tribes, at the Black Sea; they participated in the siege of Olbia (modern South Ukraine) in 220 BC. 109 BC Huge confederation composed of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Danes (Germanic tribe) — The Danes were a North Germanic tribe (East of the Rhine) residing in modern day Denmark. They are mentioned in the 6th century in Jordanes Getica, by Procopius, and by Gregory of Tours. In his description of Scandza, Jordanes says that the Dani… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsi (Germanic) — This article is about the germanic people. For the italian people, see Marsi. Germanic tribes around 50 CE The Marsi (German: Marser) were a small Germanic tribe settled between the Rhine, Rur and Lippe rivers in northwest Germany. Tacitus… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianised calendar — The term Christianised calendar refers to feast days which are Christianised survivals from pre Christian times. Several Christian feasts occupy moments in the year that were formerly devoted to pagan celebrations. Familiar examples are All… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»