Deal or No Deal


Deal or No Deal


"Deal or No Deal" models posing for the cover of Runway Magazine – 10 October 2008

Deal or No Deal is the name of several closely related television game shows, the first of which (launching the format) was the Dutch Miljoenenjacht (Hunt For Millions) produced by Dutch producer Endemol. It is played with up to 26 cases (or in some versions, boxes) with certain sums of money. The player chooses a case or a box to knock an amount of money off the board.

Contents

Gameplay

The game revolves around the opening of a set of numbered briefcases, each of which contains a different prize (cash or otherwise). The contents of all of the cases are known at the start of the game, but the specific location of any prize is unknown. The value of each of The contestant claims (or is assigned) a case to begin the game. The case's value is not revealed until the conclusion of the game.

The contestant then begins choosing cases to be removed from play. The amount inside each choice is immediately revealed; by process of elimination, the amount revealed cannot be inside the player's chosen case. Throughout the game, after a predetermined number of cases have been opened, the banker offers the contestant an amount of money and/or prizes to quit the game, the offer based roughly on the amounts remaining in play and the contestant's demeanor. The player then answers the titular question, choosing:

  • "Deal", accepting the offer presented and ending the game, or
  • "No Deal", rejecting the offer and continuing the game.

This process of removing cases and receiving offers continues, until either the player accepts an offer to 'deal', or all offers have been rejected and the values of all unselected cases are revealed. Should a player end the game by taking a deal, a pseudo-game is continued from that point to see how much the player could have won by remaining in the game. Depending on subsequent choices and offers, it is determined whether or not the contestant made a "good deal", i.e. won more than if the game were allowed to continue.

Since the range of possible values is known at the start of each game, how much the banker offers at any given point changes based on what values have been eliminated. To promote suspense and lengthen games, the banker's offer is usually less than the expected value dictated by probability theory, particularly early in the game.[1] Generally, the offers early in the game are very low relative to the values still in play, but near the end of the game approach (or even exceed) the average of the remaining values.

Only a few people have ever won the top prize on any version of the show (see table below). For a contestant to win the top prize the player would have to select the case containing the top prize and reject every offer the banker makes during the game. The chances of a player selecting the top prize are reasonable (4–5% depending on how many amounts are in the game).

Deal or No Deal around the world

Country Name Host Station Language First Year Aired Top Prize
 Afghanistan گنجینه
Ganjina
Rahim Mehrzad Tolo TV Persian May 30, 2010 Af.1,000,000
 Albania Kutia Enkel Demi TV Klan Albanian 2004 €25,000
Arab League Arab World الصفقة
Al Safqa
Amir Karara MBC1 Arabic 2004 US$1,000,000
Deal or No Deal Michel Sanan LBC Arabic 2005 US$250,000
 Argentina Trato Hecho Julian Weich Telefé Spanish 2004–2006 AR$500,000
 Armenia Դիլ կամ Նո Դիլ
Dil kam No Dil
Armenia TV Armenian 2005 դր.50,000,000
 Australia Deal or No Deal Andrew O'Keefe Seven Network English May 4, 2003 A$2,000,000
A$200,000
A$250,000
 Austria Deal or No Deal (Austria) Rainhard Fendrich ORF1 German 2005 250,000
 Azerbaijan Davam Ya Tamam Space TV Azerbaijani 2010 10,000ман
 Belgium Miljoenenjacht Walter Grootaers Vtm Dutch 2004 €1,000,000
Te Nemen of Te Laten Felice VijfTV Dutch 2007 €200,000
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Deal or No Deal- Uzmi ili Ostavi Jusuf Višnji OBN Bosnian 2008
 Brazil Topa ou Não Topa Silvio Santos
Roberto Justus
SBT Portuguese 2006
August 28, 2010
R$1,000,000
 Bulgaria Сделка или не
Sdelka ili ne
Rumen Lukanov Nova Television Bulgarian 2005–2011 100,000лв
 Cambodia Prom Rer min Prom Ith Sitha CTN Khmer 2009 10,000,000 KHR
 Canada (English) Deal or No Deal Canada Howie Mandel Global English 2007 CA$1,000,000
 Canada (French) Le Banquier Julie Snyder TVA French 2007–2009
CA$500,000
CA$750,000
CA$1,000,000
 Chile Trato Hecho Don Francisco Canal 13 Spanish 2004 Cl$120,000,000
¡Allá Tú! Julián Elfenbein Chilevision Spanish 2007 Cl$10,000,000
 China 动感秀场
Dong Gan Xiu Chang

(first season "心跳选择")
Cheng Qian BTV-8 Mandarin 2007 1,000,000 points
爱唱才会赢
Ai Chang Cai Hui Ying
Chen Huan, Tian Yue, Zuo Yan, Huang Ziwen ZJSTV Mandarin 2008 CN¥100,000
 Colombia ¡Hay Trato! Carlos Calero Canal Caracol Spanish 2005 CO$100,000,000
 Costa Rica El Familion Nestle Nelson Bustamante Repretel Canal 11 Spanish unknown US$125,000
 Croatia Uzmi ili ostavi Željko Pervan
Mirko Fodor
Mario Petreković
Croatian Radiotelevision Croatian 2006 500,000Kn
 Czech Republic Ber nebo neber Pavel Zuna TV Prima Czech 2007 5,000,000
 Denmark Deal or No Deal Casper Christensen TV 2 Danish 2006 Kr2,000,000
 Dominican Republic Trato Hecho con Nestle Frank Perozo
Mia Taveras
Antena Latina Spanish 2008 RD$3,000,000
 Ecuador Trato Hecho (Ecuador) Roberto Angelelli Teleamazonas Spanish 2006 US$100,000
El Familión Nestlé Trato Hecho Daniel Sarcos Gama TV &
Red Telesistema
Spanish 2010 US$100,000
 Egypt لعبة الحياة
Lebet el Hayat
Razan Maghrebi Al-Hayat TV Arabic 2009 ج.م 250,000
ج.م 500,000
 Estonia Võta või jäta Alari Kivisaar TV3 Estonian 2007 1,000,000Kr
 Finland Ota tai jätä Pauli Aalto-Setälä Nelonen Finnish 2007 €500,000
 France À prendre ou à laisser Arthur
Sebastien Cauet
TF1 French 2004 €500,000
 Georgia ვა-ბანკი
Va-Bank
Misha Mshvildadze (2008)
Duta Skhirtladze (2009)
Rustavi 2 Georgian 2008 50,000 ლარი
 Germany Der Millionen-Deal Linda de Mol Sat.1 German 2004 €2,000,000
Deal or No Deal – Die Show der Glücksspirale Guido Cantz Sat.1 German 2005 €250,000
 Greece Deal (weekdays) Christos Ferendinos ANT1 Greek 2006–2008,2010– €150,000
Super Deal (weekends) €500,000
 Hong Kong Deal or No Deal/一擲千金 Michael Hui Alfred Cheung TVB Jade Cantonese 2006 2008 HK$3,000,000
 Hungary Áll az alku Gábor Gundel Takács
Áron Kovács
TV2 Hungarian 2004 21,000,000Ft
 India Deal Ya No Deal R. Madhavan/
Mandira Bedi/
Rajeev Khandelwal
SET Hindi, English 2005 Rs.10,000,000
Deala No Deala Rishi Sun TV Tamil 2009 Rs.5,000,000
Deal or No Deal Mukesh (Malayalam actor) Surya TV Malayalam 2009 Rs.5,000,000
Deal or No Deal Sai Kumar Gemini TV Telugu 2009 Rs.5,000,000
Deal or No Deal Sai Kumar Udaya TV Kannada 2009 Rs.5,000,000
 Indonesia Deal Or No Deal Indonesia Tantowi Yahya RCTI Indonesian 2007 Rp.2,000,000,000
 Ireland Deal or No Deal Keith Barry TV3 English 13th November 2009 €250,000
 Israel הדיל הגדול
Hadil Hagadol
Moran Atias Channel 10 Hebrew 2005 1,500,000
דיל או לא דיל
Dil o Lo Dil
2006
 Italy Affari Tuoi Max Giusti Rai Uno Italian 2003 €500,000
 Jamaica The Digicel Deal or No Deal Simon Crosskill TVJ English 2009 JM$3,000,000
 Japan ザ・ディール
Za Dīru
Shinsuke Shimada TBS TV Japanese 2006, 2007 ¥10,000,000
 Lebanon Deal or No Deal Michel Sannan Murr Television Arabic 2009 200,000,000L.L.
 Lithuania Taip arba Ne Marijonas Mikutavičius TV3 Lithuania Lithuanian 2007 500,000Lt.
 Macedonia Земи или остави Igor Dzambazov ALFA TV Macedonian November 3, 2007 MKD1,000,000
 Malaysia Deal or No Deal Malaysia Aanont Wathanasin ntv7 English November 3, 2007 RM100,000
一擲千金 Goh Wee Ping
Owen Yap
ntv7 Mandarin March 12, 2007 – May 8, 2008 RM100,000
 Malta Deal or No Deal Malta Paulo Micallef TVM Maltese 2007 €25,000
 Mauritius To Pran to pas Pran? Hassen Rojoa MBC D6 French 2007
 Mexico Vas o No Vas Héctor Sandarti Televisa Spanish 2005 MX$1,000,000
MX$5,000,000
Yoo si voy Raul Araiza Spanish 2009 MX$2,500,000
 Moldova Da sau Nu Dan Negru Prime Moldovan (Romanian) 2010 250,000 lei
 Monaco Raffle le fric et braque la banque Pierre Van Klaveren M1 French 2006
 Morocco Tu prendres ou tu ne prendres pas? Mohammed El Jabber 2M TV French, Arabic 2007
 Netherlands Miljoenenjacht
(original version) and season
Linda de Mol TROS, Tien, RTL4 Dutch 2000 €5,000,000
Deal or No Deal
(direct version) small program
Beau van Erven Dorens Tien, RTL5 Dutch 2006 €250,000
 New Zealand Deal or No Deal Jeremy Corbett TV3 English 2007 NZ$200,000
 Nigeria Deal or No Deal Nigeria John Fashanu M-Net Africa English 2007 US$100,000
 Norway Deal or No Deal Sturla Berg-Johansen TV2 Norwegian 2006 3,000,000Kr
 Panama El Familion Nestle Nelson Bustamante Telemetro Panamá Spanish unknown US$125,000
Deal or No Deal Nelson Bustamante Telemetro Panamá Spanish 2010 US$50,000
 Peru Trato Hecho Adolfo Aguilar ATV Spanish 2005 S/.1,000,000
 Philippines Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal Kris Aquino ABS-CBN Tagalog 2006 4,000,000
 Poland Grasz czy nie grasz Zygmunt Chajzer Polsat Polish 2006-2007 1,000,000
 Portugal Pegar ou Largar Rui Unas SIC Portuguese 2006 €300,000
 Romania Da sau nu Mihai Dobrovolschi Prima TV Romanian 2005 150,000lei
Accepţi sau nu Gabriel Coveşanu Kanal D Romanian 2008 100,000lei
 Russia Пан или пропал
Pan ili Propal
Nikolay Fomenko Channel One Russian 2004 3,000,000руб.
Сделка
Sdelka
Alexei Veselkin REN TV Russian 2006 3,000,000 руб
 Serbia Uzmi ili ostavi Milorad Mandić Manda B92 Serbian 2007 1,500,000din.
 Singapore Deal or No Deal Adrian Pang MediaCorp TV Channel 5 English 2007 S$250,000
 Slovakia Ruku na to Unknown STV Slovakian 2007 €250,000
 Slovenia Vzemi ali pusti Bojan Emeršič POP TV Slovene 2005–2006

15,000,000 SIT
(app. €62,500)

2007 €70,000
 South Africa Deal or No Deal Ed Jordan M-Net English 2007 R1,000,000
Doen met 'n Miljoen! Casper de Vries kykNET Afrikaans 2007 R1,000,000
 South Korea Yes or No Shin Dong-Yeob tvN Korean 2006 100,000,000
 Spain ¡Allá tú! Jesús Vázquez
Silvia Jato
Telecinco Spanish 2004 €600,000
Jesús Vázquez Cuatro 2011 €300,000
 Sri Lanka Gando Nogando Mahendra Perera SirasaTV Sinhalese 2,500,000
 Sweden Deal or No Deal Martin Timell TV4 Swedish 2006 5,000,000Kr
 Switzerland Deal or No Deal – Das Risiko Roman Kilchsperger SF 1 German 2004 SFr250,000
 Taiwan Jacky Wu CTS Mandarin 2009 NT$500,000
 Thailand เอาหรือไม่เอา Dom Hetrakul ThaiTV 3 Thai 2005 ฿1,000,000
 Tunisia دليلك ملك
Dlilek Mlek
Sami El Fihri Tunisie 7 Arabic 2004 1,000,000 د.ت.
 Turkey Trilyon Avı Zafer Ergin aTV Turkish 2003 YTL1,000,000
Büyük Teklif Halit Ergenç Kanal D Turkish 2006 YTL500,000
Var mısın? Yok musun? Acun Ilıcalı Show TV Turkish 2007 YTL500,000
 Ukraine Граєш чи не граєш?
Hrayesh chy ne hrayesh?
Dmitriy Shepelev TRK Ukrayina Ukrainian 2010 1,000,000
 United Kingdom Deal or No Deal Noel Edmonds Channel 4 English 2005 £250,000
 United States (English) Deal or No Deal (NBC Primetime) Howie Mandel NBC English 2005 US$1,000,000
Deal or No Deal (NBC Universal Television Distribution daily version) Howie Mandel Syndicated by NBC Universal Television Distribution English 2008 US$500,000
 United States (Spanish) Vas o No Vas Héctor Sandarti Telemundo Spanish 2006 US$250,000
 Vietnam Đi tìm ẩn số Thanh Bạch HTV7 Vietnamese 2005 100,000,000Đ
Ẩn số vàng Chí Trung H1 Vietnamese 2006 50,000,000Đ
 Zimbabwe Saka Kana Aa Saka Tande Newton
Isaac Smith
TVZim01
ZBC
TeleZim
Shona, Ndebele, English 2007 Z$50,000,000

Véronique Landry is the only model to appear on more than one version of the show, on both the French and English Canadian versions.[citation needed] Howie Mandel, Héctor Sandarti, and Linda de Mol each have hosted multiple versions of the show: Mandel, with the American English and Canadian English versions, Sandarti with both the American Spanish and Mexican Spanish versions, and de Mol with both the Netherlands Dutch and German (in 2004) versions of the show. In the UK version Deal or no Deal helped relaunch Noel Edmonds' career.

Other countries that have their own versions of the show include Albania, Armenia, Austria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Portugal (SIC network), Puerto Rico, Vietnam, Bangladesh according to the UK version's website.

Top prize winners

All amounts below the prizes are their equivalents in United States dollars, and those in USD at the time of their win.

Country Name(s) Date Amount won Previous offer Other amount Notes
 Australia Dean Cartechini June 17, 2004 A$A200,000
($178,659, then worth $136,986)
A$102,500
($91,563, then worth $74,818)
A$5
($4.47, then worth $3.65)
Anh Do (celebrity) September 19, 2007 A$200,000 A$125,000
($111,662)
A$75,000
($66,997)
Leanne Benbow June 2, 2010 A$200,000 A$115,000
($95,577)
A$100,000
($83,110)
Chris Doyle August 23, 2011 A$200,000 A$130,000
($)
A$100,000
($83,110)
 Brazil Paulo April 2007 R$1,000,000
($557,678, then worth $492,611)
R$444,000
($247,609, then worth $218,719)
R$100
($55.77 then worth $49.26)
 Bulgaria Veneta Raykova (celebrity) February 2006 100,000 BGN
($54,819)
(unknown) (unknown)
 Cambodia (unknown) February 2009 10,000,000 KHR
($2,410)
(unknown) (unknown) [2]
(unknown) February 2009 10,000,000 KHR (unknown) 750,000 KHR
 Chile Mauricio Hermosilla May 4, 2007 CL$10,000,000
($19,938)
CL$6,500,000
($12,960)
CL$5,000,000
($9,969)
Farándula August 29, 2007 CL$10,000,000 Change Box CL$50,000
($99.69)
 Egypt Amal Mohammad Prior to November 16, 2009 EGP250,000
($43,626)
(unknown) EGP0.50
($0.09)
[3]
Sameh Prior to April 15, 2010 EGP250,000 (unknown) EGP0.50 [4]
Marwa Ali Prior to September 3, 2010 EGP500,000
($87,252)
Change Box EGP250
($43.63)
[5]
 France Sabrina November 29, 2005 500,000
($714,750, then worth $588,235)
€350,000
($500,325, then worth $411,764)
€75,000
($107,213, then worth $88,235)
The banker also offered €200,000 and €300,000;
it is rare for a contestant to have more than one offer after a single round
(Unknown) January 23, 2009 500,000
($714,750, then worth $588,235)
€210,000
($300,195, then worth $247,058)
€$100,000
($142,950, then worth $117,647)
 Georgia Rezo and Archil Arveladze February 3, 2009 50,000 lari
($29,904)
25,000 lari
($14,952)
50 lari
($29.90)
 Greece Gogo (Unknown) 200,000
($285,900)
€80,000
($114,360)
€1,000
($1,430)
Received €100,000
 Hungary Fődíj April 26, 2010 21,000,000 Ft
($92,568)
15,000,000 Ft
($66,120)
13,000,000 Ft
($57,304)
 India S. Raghunathan November 2009 Indian Rupee symbol.svg25,00,000
Indian Rupee symbol.svg 10,00,000 Indian Rupee symbol.svg25
 Italy Danilo (Umbria) September 20, 2008 €500,000
($714,750, then worth $714,286)
€170,000
($267,477, then worth $242,857)
€30,000
($47,215, then worth $42,857)
Francesca October 22, 2008 €500,000 €185,000
($230,408)
€30,000
Clarissa Meneghini December 19, 2007 €500,000 €170,000 €30,000
 Malta Maria (Doris) Abela October 17, 2008 25,000
($31,149)
€19,500
($24,296)
€15,000
($18,689)
 Mexico Paty June 3, 2006 $1,000,000
($92,379) (weekday)
$550,000
($51,500)
$100,000
($9,238)
Laura March 2, 2006 $1,000,000 (weekday) $700,000
($64,665)
$400,000
($36,952)
Luis December 6, 2005 $1,000,000 (weekday) (unknown) (unknown)
Elena June 11, 2005 $5,000,000
($461,894) (Saturday)
(unknown) (unknown)
 Malaysia (English) Timothy Shim March 2, 2008 RM100,000
($31,250)
RM 50,800
($15,875)
RM 250
($71.83)
 Netherlands Arno Woesthoff[note 1] September 2, 2001 Fl10,000,000
($6,600,000)
(none) (none) Biggest winner in worldwide game show history
Eelco Schumacher April 2, 2009 250,000
($336,383)
€170,000
($228,741)
€125,000
($168,191)
 Philippines Terry Lim Cua December 29, 2006 P2,000,000
($42,180, then $40,800)
P1,400,000
($29,526, then worth $28,560)
P1,000,000
($23,895, then $20,400)
 Serbia Vidoje October 19, 2007 RSD1,500,000
($24,475)
RSD615,000
($10,035)
RSD500,000
($8,158)
 Spain Gilbert de Tarragona June 2007 600,000
($857,700, then worth $800,000)
€240,000
($343,080, then worth $320,000)
€1,500
($2,144, then worth $2,000)
Received €300,000
 Tunisia Mohamed Mabrouk March 22, 2006 TND300,000
($217,707)
(unknown) (unknown) Each winner shared the prize with an SMS participant
Mohamed Bashir Menchari November 13, 2006 TND500,000
($362,845)
(unknown) (unknown)
(Unknown) September 13, 2007 TND1,000,000
($725,689)
(unknown) TND500,000
($362,845)
 Turkey Ülkühan Yılmaz October 24, 2009 500,000TL
($355,374)
128,000TL
($90,976)
20,000TL
($14,215)
 United Kingdom Laura Pearce January 7, 2007 £250,000 £45,000 £3,000
Alice Munday March 12, 2009 £250,000 £17,500 1p
Suzanne Mulholland May 13, 2011 £250,000 £165,000 £100,000 Won additional prize of 2 week holiday in Florida as part of "Banker's Birthday" special. Swapped box after final offer.
Tegen Roberts September 22, 2011[note 2] £250,000 £77,000 £20,000 Tegen had the strongest board ever after round 3 to the end of the show, a staggering £560,250.60 was still in play after 10 boxes had been opened. She also had the distinction of having the 7th Biggest No Deal of £77,000.
 United States (primetime version) Jessica Robinson September 1, 2008 $1,000,000 $561,000 $200,000 Million Dollar Mission game (5 $1,000,000 cases)
Tomorrow Rodriguez October 29, 2008 $1,000,000 $677,000 $300 and 2x $1,000,000 Million Dollar Mission game (9 $1,000,000 cases)
  1. ^ Arno Woesthoff was on Miljoenenjacht when the bonus round consisted of seven questions that could add up to 10,000,000 guilders instead of the case game, which is why there were no other amounts.
  2. ^ Most recent top prize winner in the Deal or No Deal franchise to date

At the other end of the spectrum, in the UK edition broadcast on 7 December 2009, a contestant named Corinne opened her box to reveal (and thus win) 1p, having turned down first an offer of £88,000 and then an offer to swap boxes, which would have given her the top £250,000 prize. A similar event occurred on the US version on August 25, 2008, where contestant Koshka Blackburn won $5,000 which was in her case after turning down the banker's offer of $530,000 and then the option to switch cases, which would've made her the first $1,000,000 winner. Also in the US on September 22, 2006, Michelle Falco kept in $750,000 and $1,000,000 in play all the way to the end, she turned down the biggest offer of $880,000 and refused to switch her case, in her case was $750,000. She also would have been the first $1,000,000 winner had she switched cases.

Basis and antecedents

The game show has attracted attention from mathematicians, statisticians, and economists as a natural decision-making experiment. In 2008 a team of economists analyzed the decisions of people appearing in Dutch, German and US episodes and found, among other things, that contestants are less risk-averse or even risk-seeking when they saw their expected winnings drop.[6] They went so far as to say that the show, “almost appears to be an economics experiment rather than a TV show.”[7] They found that contestants behave similarly in different versions of the show, despite large differences in the amounts at stake; amounts appear to be evaluated in relative terms, for example in proportion to the initial average, and not in terms of their absolute monetary value.[8] The research received a great deal of media attention, appearing on the front page of The Wall Street Journal[9] and being featured on National Public Radio.[10]

Despite its air of originality and huge international success—there are more than 60 versions worldwide—there have been, in fact, numerous antecedents to the current run of shows. The first was the It's in the Bag, a New Zealand radio game show invented by Selwyn Toogood which began in the 1950s and which ran for decades after it was later adapted for television (1970s–90s). The show popularized the catch-phrases, "By hokey," and "What will it be, customers--the money or the bag?" in New Zealand. Similarly, in the 1950s, the UK TV show Take Your Pick offered contestants the choice of taking a money offer or risking opening a box. Later, in the 1980s, The Bong Game, a radio call-in show created by UK’s Capital FM, tested contestants by offering them increasing returns in tandem with increasing risk.

Another long-running game show, Let's Make a Deal, involved contestants deciding whether or not take offers based on what may or may not be behind a curtain/door or inside a box. Let's Make a Deal ran in the US for nearly three decades from 1963 to 1991, during which time Monty Hall was the program's "Big Dealer," and has recently been revived with Wayne Brady as the Big Dealer. Also in the US, in the 1970s and 1980s, was a game show called Treasure Hunt, hosted by Geoff Edwards and produced by Chuck Barris's company, which featured a similar concept to Deal or No Deal. The show featured contestants selecting a treasure chest or box with surprises inside in the hope of winning large prizes or a cash jackpot. Both game shows, however, also featured worthless or nearly-worthless joke prizes, which Let's Make a Deal called "zonks" and which Treasure Hunt called "klunks." Deal or No Deal does not feature such joke prizes. Finally, from 1997 to 2003, Win Ben Stein's Money pitted contestants against an in-house adversary.

Video games

  • Innovative Concepts in Entertainment developed and currently sells an arcade redemption adaptation of the show, replacing prize money with redemption tickets.[11]
  • The U.K. version of Deal or No Deal was converted into a mobile game by Gameloft and featured the same rules and format as the TV show. The game was so well-received that versions of it were developed for other countries as well.[12] Its international success landed it on the top-sellers list.[13]
  • Almost all major formats of the game were converted into games for various gaming consoles, the PC, Macromedia Flash, and even a dedicated handheld made in China.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Formula for offers in the NBC online version of Deal or No Deal from the personal website of a former physics and finance student
  2. ^ Heng Piseth: Deal or No Deal becomes a famous TV show in Cambodia, March 19, 2009
  3. ^ Video on YouTube
  4. ^ Video on YouTube
  5. ^ Video on YouTube
  6. ^ Post, Van den Assem, Baltussen, and Thaler (March 2008). "Deal or No Deal? Decision Making Under Risk in a Large-payoff Game Show". American Economic Review 98 (1). SSRN 636508. 
  7. ^ Quoted in William Poundstone, Priceless, Hill and Wang, 2010, p. 130
  8. ^ Baltussen, Post, and Van den Assem (December 2007). Risky Choice and the Relative Size of Stakes. SSRN 989242. 
  9. ^ The Wall Street Journal, January 12, 2006.
  10. ^ Economists Learn from Game Show 'Deal or No Deal' from the NPR website. March 3, 2006
  11. ^ ICE games
  12. ^ "Top 50 Mobile Game Downloads in the UK". 2007-1-27. Mobicritic.com. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
  13. ^ "Non-Stop International Success for Gameloft's 'Deal or No Deal'. 2008-4-07. FindLaw.com. Retrieved 2008-11-06.

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