- Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet
Sir John Gilmour, 1st Baronetwas chairman of the Scottish Conservative and Unionist party, and was created a baronet in 1897, Gilmour succeeded him as baronet.
Trinity College, Glenalmond, University of Edinburghand Trinity Hall, Cambridge, he served in South Africa in 1900-1901 with the 20th (Fife and Forfar) Company of Imperial Yeomanryand was awarded the Queen's medal with 4 clasps and was twice mentioned in despatches. His letters from the Boer War were published in 1996 under the tile "Clearly My Duty" by his son, Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet.
He again served in
World War Iwith the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, where he was again mentioned in despatches and awarded the DSO with bar. He was Master of the Fife Fox Hounds, 1902-1906 and a Member of Fife County Council 1901-1910.
He was a Junior
Lord of the Treasuryin 1921-1922, Scottish Unionist Whip from 1919-1922 and in 1924. He was appointed as Secretary for Scotlandin 1924, and became the first Secretary of State for Scotlandwhen the post was upgraded in 1926. He was an Orangemanand whilst some may see his appointment as anti-Catholicit should be pointed out that it was Gilmour who, as the Secretary for Scotland, repudiated the Church of Scotland's highly-controversial report entitled "The Menace of the Irish Race to our Scottish Nationality".
Later in his career he served as
Minister of Shippingduring the early months of the Second World War but died in office in 1940.
Rector of the University of Edinburgh, 1926-1929 and was awarded honorary degrees by the University of Glasgowin 1925, the University of Edinburghin 1927 and the University of St Andrewsin 1929. He was a Brigadier with the Royal Company of Archers. He had previously inherited his father's baronetcy in 1920.
*Torrance, David, "The Scottish Secretaries" (Birlinn 2006)
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