Rufous Hornero


Rufous Hornero

Taxobox
name = Rufous Hornero



image_width = 240px
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Furnariidae
genus = "Furnarius"
species = "F. rufus"
binomial = "Furnarius rufus"
binomial_authority = (Gmelin, 1788)
range_

range_map_width = 240px
range_map_caption = Approximate distribution

The Rufous Hornero, "Furnarius rufus", is a large ovenbird from eastern South America. Also known as the Red Ovenbird, it is a common species of second-growth scrub, pastures and agricultural land, and the species is often seen near areas of human inhabitation. Its range includes south eastern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern and central Argentina (down to northern Patagonia). The species is most closely related to the Crested Hornero of Paraguay and Argentina. There are four accepted subspecies.

Overview

The Rufous Hornero is a large ovenbird with a square tail and a straight bill. The plumage is overall reddish brown with a dull brown crown and a whitish throat. Both sexes look alike, and juvenile birds are slightly paler below. There is some clinal size variation from north to south due to Bergmann's Rule. Rufous Horneros feed on insects and other arthropods obtained by foraging on the ground while walking.

; young birds remain in the parental territory for around 6 months after fledging. Both parents undertake incubation and feeding responsibilities. The birds do not use the same "oven" for succeeding breeding-seasons, therefore it is quite common to see a number of structures - from two to three - close to each other (or even atop each other) at the same nesting area. However, a formerly unused nest can be repaired for a new breeding-season.

The Rufous Hornero has benefited from human changes to the environment and many live in highly modified habitat. Conversely, it can benefit various other species of birds, such as the Saffron Finch, who nest at its unused "ovens". It is a familiar sight over much of its range and has been adopted as the national bird of Argentina. It is not threatened by human activities and is listed as least concern by the IUCN.

References

* Remsen, V. (2003) "Family Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)". in del Hoyo J., Elliott A. & Christie D.A. (2003) "Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8. Broadbills to Tapaculos" Lynx Edicions, Barcelona ISBN 84-87334-50-4

External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/especie.phtml?idEspecie=4039 Rufous Hornero videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [http://www.bird-stamps.org/cspecies/10704000.htm Stamps] (for Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay)
* [http://vireo.acnatsci.org/search.html?Form=Search&SEARCHBY=Common&KEYWORDS=rufous+hornero&showwhat=images&AGE=All&SEX=All&ACT=All&Search=Search&VIEW=All&ORIENTATION=All&RESULTS=24 Rufous Hornero photo gallery] VIREO
* [http://www.birdfinders.co.uk/images/rufous-hornero-brazil-feb-2007.jpgPhoto-High Res] ; [http://www.birdfinders.co.uk/news/brazil-feb-2007-pics.htm Article] birdfinders–"Brazil Photos"


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