Caroline of Baden

Caroline of Baden

Frederica "Caroline" Wilhelmina ( _de. Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine) of Baden was the eldest daughter and child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and his wife, Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was born July 13, 1776, twin sister of Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise.

On March 9, 1797 in Karlsruhe, she became the second wife of Maximilian, Duke of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, who two years later would inherit the Electorate of Bavaria. In the ensuing years she advanced from Electress to Queen (1806). She bore eight children:

* A stillborn son, unnamed, 1799.
* Maximilian Joseph Charles Frederick, 1800, died in childhood 1803.
* Twins:
** Elizabeth Louise 1801-1873, later Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederick William IV of Prussia
** Amalia Augusta 1801-1877, later Queen of Saxony as wife of John of Saxony
* Twins again:
** Maria Anna Leopoldine, 1805-1877, later Queen of Saxony as wife of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
** Sophia Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina, 1805-1872, married Archduke Francis Charles of Austria, and became mother of both Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph I and Mexican Emperor Maximilian I.
* Ludovika Wilhelmina, 1808-1892, married Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria
* Maximiliana Josepha Caroline, 1810, died in childhood 1821.

Caroline of Baden died November 13, 1841, outliving her husband by sixteen years and one month.


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1= 1. Caroline of Baden
2= 2. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
3= 3. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
4= 4. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
5= 5. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
6= 6. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
7= 7. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
8= 8. Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
9= 9. Princess Amelia of Nassau-Dietz
10= 10. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
11= 11. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
12= 12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt =10
13= 13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg =11
14= 14. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
15= 15. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
16= 16. Karl III Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
17= 17. Duchess Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg
18= 18. John William Friso, Prince of Orange
19= 19. Landgravine Marie Luise of Hesse-Kassel
20= 20. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
21= 21. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
22= 22. Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
23= 23. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
24= 24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt =20
25= 25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach =21
26= 26. Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg =22
27= 27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach =22
28= 28. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
29= 29. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein.
30= 30. Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
31= 31. Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

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