- Baetic Cordillera
The Baetic Cordillera is a mountain system streching from
Morocco, through Gibraltarand along the southern and eastern parts of Spain. Also known as the Baetic ranges or Baetic mountains, and in Spanish as the "Sistema Penibético", the Baetic Cordillera is made up of multiple mountain ranges that reach from western Andalusiato Murciaand Valencia, trending generally southwest-northeast. The Sierra Nevada and the Aljibe Mountainsof Andalusia are part of the Baetic system.
The Baetic Cordillera is home to a number of
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrubplant communities, including shrublands, oakwoodlands, broadleafforests, and coniferous forests, which vary with elevation, soils, and topography. The cordillera, together with the Rif Mountainsof Morocco which face the Baetic Cordillera across the Alboran Sea, is one of the Mediterranean basin's ten biodiversity hotspots, known to ecologists as the Baetic-Rifan complex. The Baetic mountains are home to a rich assemblage of Mediterranean plants, including a number of relictspecies from the ancient laurel forests, which covered much of the Mediterranean basin millions of years ago when it was more humid.
The Baetic Cordillera comprises a number of mountain chains in Southern
Spainand Northern Morocco, separated from each other by the Alboran Sea. Gibraltar is also considered to be part of the Baetic Cordillera [ [http://gonhs.org/documents/UpperRockGuide.pdf A Guide to the Upper Rock Nature Reserve] ] . Most of these mountain chains are better-known by their own name. The Cordillera Bética forms a great arc that follows the Moroccan coast from Oujdain the east to Tangerin the west, then crosses the Strait of Gibraltarand goes east again from Cádizto Valencia and the Balearic Islands.
To the south, the Baetic Cordillera is separated from the Atlas by the
Fèsbasin, to the north from the Meseta Central(here the Sierra Morena) by the basin of the Guadalquivir.
The Baetic Cordillera encompasses the following mountain chains:
Rock of GibraltarIn Morocco:
Serranía de Ronda
*the Sierra Nevada
Sierra de los Filabres
Sierra de Alhamilla
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