- List of military equipment manufactured in Iran
From 1925 to the
Iranian Revolutionin 1979, Iranused to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, the Federal Republic of Germany(West Germany), Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.
Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war, all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn to the Soviet Union, North Korea, Brazil, and Chinato meet its short term military requirements. Nevertheless, the experience of using quality equipment was not lost on any of the branches of the Iranian armed forces. Disappointed by the older Warsaw Pactequipment, Iran sought to develop its own ability to mirror the technology of its likely enemies, the West and to provide a totally reliable source of equipment for the future.
Iranian revolution, developments in military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea; building upon the foundations established by western contractors. Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors as Iran sought to gain total independence; A major exception however, is the aerospace sector, where Iran is still dependent on external help. Iran has, at present, reverse engineered existing foreign hardware, adapted it to their own requirements and then mass produced the finished product. Examples of this abound, such as the Boraghand the IAMI Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products, see Iranian Military Exports.
The following list consists of weapons systems that Iran manufactures domestically:
Aircraft and Helicopters
Azarakhsh- modified copy of U.S. F-5 Freedom Fighter, one-seat fighter aircraft, and combat capable trainer. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/azarakhsh.htm GlobalSecurity.org] Azarakhsh (Lightning)] [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/tazarv.htm GlobalSecurity.org] - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh] [http://www.payvand.com/news/00/may/1098.html Payvand] - Iranian Air Force Highly Equipped]
*Saegheh 80 - fighter aircraft. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/saeqeh.htm www.globalsecurity.org] ] Second generation Azarakhsh with a twin upright tail configuration.
Shafaq- advanced light fighter/trainer, still in development. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/shafaq.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
*IR.An-140. - licensed production of Russian
Antonov An-140[ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/iran-140.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
*Parastoo - propeller-driven training aircraft. Reverse engineered Beech F33 Bonanza. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/tazarv.htm GlobalSecurity.org] Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh] [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/parastu.htm GlobalSecurity.org] - Parastu]
*Dorna - training aircraft [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/tazarv.htm www.globalsecurity.org] GlobalSecurity.org - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh]
*JT2-2 Tazarv - third generation of the Dorna mentioned above. Still in prototype stage.
Simorgh(aircraft)- training aircraft. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/simorgh.htm Simorgh ] ] [http://www.daneshju.ir/forum/f328/t10992.html]
Fajr F.3- Indigenous trainer aircraft
Panha 2091- overhauled U.S. AH-1 Cobrarefitted with indigenous components. [http://www.janes.com/defence/air_forces/news/jdw/jdw010827_1_n.shtml www.janes.com 010827] ]
*Shabaviz 2061 - overhauled U.S. Bell 206 JetRanger refitted with indigenous components.
*Shabaviz 275 - overhauled U.S. Bell 205 JetRanger refitted with indigenous components
Bell 214- Reverse engineered and built in Iran
HESA Shahed 278- Developed from Bell 206 & Panha Shabaviz 2061
Unmanned aerial vehicles
Ababil[ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ababil.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
* Mohajer I/II/III/IV [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/mohajer.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
Aircraft upgrades and components
* Iran claims to have upgraded its US-made F-4, F-5, and F-14 fighter jets, and produced spare parts including tires, avionics, and engine components. [http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=2422 Washington Institute] ] [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/simorgh.htm GlobalSecurity.org] - Simorgh F-5 Upgrade]
* F-4 Phantom Simulator [http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=58891§ionid=351020101]
"Medium range missiles are considered to have a range between 1000 and 3000 kilometers."
Shahab-3- strategic MRBM with a range of 2,100 km.
*Fajr-3 MRBM with an unknown range.
Ghadr-110MRBM with a range of 2500-3000 km.
Ashoura missileMRBM with a range of 2,000 km.
"Short range missiles are considered to have a range up to 1000 kilometers."
Shahab-1- tactical SRBMwith a range of 350 km. copy of Soviet SS-1c/Scud-B [ [http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/missile/shahab-1.htm www.fas.org] ]
Shahab-2- tactical SRBMwith a range of 750 km copy of Soviet SS-1d/Scud-C [http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/missile/shahab-2.htm www.fas.org] FAS: Shahab-2]
Fateh-110- single-stage solid-propellant SRBM with a range of 200 km
Zelzal-2- single-stage solid-propellant SRBM with a range of 200 km [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/zelzal-2.htm GlobalSecurity.Org] ] [ [http://www.missilethreat.com/missiles/zelzal-1-2-3_iran.html www.missilethreat.com] ] [ [http://www.nti.org/e_research/profiles/Iran/Missile/3367_3397.html www.nti.org] ]
Fajr-5- artillery rocket [ [http://www.janes.com/defence/news/jdw/jdw060508_1_n.shtml Jane's Defence - Fadjr-5 artillery rocket system gets new chassis] ]
Fajr-3- artillery rocket"In the late 1980s, the North Korean-produced 240mm M-1985 multiple rocket launcher (MRL) was exported to Iran and subsequently produced under license (with minor changes) by Shahid Bagheri Industries as the Fajr-3 (a.k.a., Fadjr-3)." Vital Perspective (2006), [http://vitalperspective.typepad.com/vital_perspective_clarity/2006/07/military_briefi.html "Military Briefing on Hezbollah's Missile Capabilities: Examining the Fajr, Zelzal"] . URL accessed 2006- 08-02.] "Fajr-3 has the same caliber, range and warhead weight as three known North Korean systems." GlobalSecurity.org (2006), [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/mrl-iran.htm "Iranian Artillery Rockets"] . URL accessed 2006- 08-02.]
* Raad - copy of Soviet
AT-3 Sagger[ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/parchin.htm Globalsecurity.org] ]
RPG-7copy of Soviet RPG-7. Iran is forecast to manufacture 2.88 percent of the worlds RPG-7's by 2014. [ [http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/2005/12/irans-rpg-surprise/index.php "Defense Industry Daily"] ]
RPG-29- US commanders claim that the RPG-29s used in Iraq have been provided by and produced in Iran.
* Saegheh - improved version of the
RPG-7[ [http://www.menewsline.com/stories/2005/march/03_01_3.html www.menewsline.com] ]
ToophanCopy of American TOW missile
Toophan 2Improved Toophan
Towsan"Iranian version of the 9M113 Konkurs/AT-5 Spandrel"
Air defence weapons
Misagh-2- copy of Chinese QW-1 Vanguardwith some Chinese upgrades [http://www.janes.com/defence/news/jdw/jdw060807_1_n.shtml www.janes.com] ]
Misagh-1- copy of Chinese QW-1 Vanguard
* Sayyad-1 / Sayyad-1A - upgraded copy of Chinese
HQ-2[ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/sayyad-1.htm Globalsecurity.org] ] , Sayyad-1A has IR tracking. This Project was First Joint Winner-Applied Research in14th Khwarizmi International Award- 2000;Thehran-Iran -The Project Title:Manufacture of Sayyad-1 Missile -Initiator:Iran Aerospace Ind. Org. Contributor:HESA & Arak Machine Ind. [http://khwarizmi.irost.org/English/Default.aspx/]
Fajr-8- copy of S-200[ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BRqpr9K9kTU YouTube - Iran upgrades and successfully test launches S-200 SAM ] ]
*Shahab Saqeb or Shahab Thaqeb(شهاب ثاقب) - copy of the Chinese
HQ-7(FM-80) system [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/hq-7.htm Feimeng 80 ] ] .This Project was First Joint Winner-Applied Research in14th Khwarizmi International Award- 2000;Thehran-Iran -The Project Title:Production of Low Range Ground to Air Missile;Shahab Saqeb or Shahab Thaqeb - Initiator:Iran Aerospace Ind. Org.& Contributor:D.I.O [http://khwarizmi.irost.org/English/Default.aspx/]
Fajr-27- rapid fire cannon [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,216070,00.html Fox News] ] [ [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-09/27/content_5145842.htm xinhuanet.com] ]
Samavat 35mm Anti-Aircraft Guns- Copy of Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannonskyguard [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXrd1V-MKa4 YouTube - Iran Produces Anti-Aircraft Cannon: Samavat ] ]
* SM-1 copy of a c.1970s variant of the RIM-66 Standard.
Qadr- copy of U.S. Mk 84electro-optically guided glide-bomb [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/qadr.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
* Zoobin - copy of U.S.
M117 bombelectro-optically guided glide-bomb
Qased- indigenously produced 2000lb laser guided bomb.
* Fatter - copy of U.S.
AIM-9 Sidewinder[ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/zoobin.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
* Sedjil - copy of U.S.
MIM-23 Hawkconverted to be carried by aircraft
* Sattar 1/2/3/4 - Medium Range air-to-air missiles developed based on Sedjil and
AIM-54 Phoenix- produced in Iran.
Ra'ad- Indigenously developed long-range anti-ship missile based on HY-2 Silkworm.
*Noor - upgraded copy of Chinese
C-802. [ [http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/missile/row/c-802.htm FAS Military Analysis Network - C-802] ]
*Tondar - copy of Chinese C-801. Exact production status is unclear and the designation may refer to more than one missile. According to some sources "China & Iran ancient partners in a post imperial world", John W. Garver pages 166-221] Iran received blueprints from China in compensation for a scrapped deal to sell the missile under US pressure in the tanker wars. [Duncan Lennox, "Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems" Issue 44, page 66] [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/c-801.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
Thaqeb (missile)[ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/755356.html "Haaretz"] ] [ [http://www.breitbart.com/news/2006/08/27/D8JOSC2G0.html www.breitbart.com] ]
Kowsar- copy of Chinese C-701[ [http://www.dailyalert.org/archive/2004-06/2004-06-02.html www.dailyalert.org] ] [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/kosar.htm GlobalSecurity.org] ]
Fajre Darya- copy of Sea Killer II.
*Hoot - A
supercavitationtorpedo. Possible copy of the Russian VA-111 Shkval.
Zulfiqar MBT- Developed from U.S. M1 Abramsand M60 Patton[http://www.diomil.ir/en/veig.aspx www.diomil.ir] ]
T-72Z Safir-74- Indigenously upgraded Soviet T-54/55 and Chinese Type 59
Mobarez- Indigenously upgraded of British Chieftain.
T-72S - Soviet T-72produced under license in Iran
Tosan- Iranian light tank for unconventional warfare, developed from British FV101 Scorpion. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/tosan.htm Tosan] ]
*Cobra BMT-2 - Concept vehicle for the Boragh armed with 23 mm anti-aircraft gun for use as a fire support vehicle. [ [http://www.jedsite.info/fulltrack-bravo/bravo/boragh_series/boragh-series.html "JED The Military Equipment Directory"] ]
Boragh- Copy of Soviet BMP-1with indigenous upgrades
Rakhsh- Developed from Soviet BRDM
Sepher- Iranian tactivall vehicle [http://www.farsnews.net/newstext.php?nn=8612040374] [http://www.irandefence.net/attachment.php?attachmentid=12901&stc=1&d=1203900507]
Tondar 1/4TON Tactical Jeep[http://jovshan.blogfa.com/cat-10.aspx]
* MPT-9 - Tondar submachine gun - copy of
MP5(H & K licenced production) [http://www.diomil.ir/en/aig.aspx www.diomil.ir] ]
* KH-2002 - 5.56mm
bullpupconversion kit for the M-16 [ [http://www.securityarms.com/20010315/galleryfiles/2900/2920.htm www.securityarms.com] ]
* S-5.56 - copy of
Norinco CQ, Chinese clone of the M-16
* KL-7.62 - copy of AKM (unlicensed knockoff)
* G3A6 - copy of G3 7.62 mm (H & K licenced production)
* MGA3 - copy of
MG37.62 mm (Rheinmetal licenced production) [ [http://www.diomil.ir/armament/armament.htm www.diomil.ir] ]
* PC-9 "Zoaf" - copy of Swiss-German
* PKM-T80 - copy of Soviet
* MGD-12.7mm - copy of Soviet
* Nakhjir - copy of Soviet SVD
Sina class- Iranian built, heavily upgraded, French Kaman (Combattante II) class missile boats.
Moudge class- Iranian built, upgraded and modified British Alvand (Saam) class (aka Vosper Mk 5 type) frigates.
* Iranian made Fast Attack Craft/Torpedo Boat (name unknown) [http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8612030407]
Qaaem Class Submarine[ Press TV[http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=67525§ionid=351020101 Iran begins new submarine production] 25 August 2008] Midget Submarines
*Ghadir Class Submarine - [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,156160,00.html Fox News] ]
*Nahang Class Submarine [ [http://www.iribnews.ir/Full_en.asp?news_id=208959&n=33 www.iribnews.ir] ]
Iran Aviation Industries Organization
Iran Electronics Industries (IEI)
Defense Industries Organization
Military of Iran
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E … Wikipedia
Equipment of the Syrian Army — List of modern equipment and uniform of the Syrian Army. Contents 1 Armored fighting vehicles 2 Logistics and utility vehicles 3 Towed field artillery 4 … Wikipedia
Equipment of the Iranian Army — Iranian Army Structure Iranian Army Order of Battle Personnel … Wikipedia
Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… … Universalium
Military Affairs — ▪ 2009 Introduction Russia and Georgia fought a short, intense war in 2008, fueling global fears of a new Cold War. On August 7 Georgia launched an aerial bombardment and ground attacks against its breakaway province of South Ossetia.… … Universalium
Iran and weapons of mass destruction — This article is about Iran and weapons of mass destruction. For Iran s nuclear power program, see Nuclear program of Iran. Weapons of mass destruction … Wikipedia
Military history of New Zealand during World War II — A 1940 poster, signed by Michael Joseph Savage, calling on New Zealanders to support the war effort. New Zealand entered the Second World War by declaring war on Nazi Germany with Britain. The state of war with Germany was officially held to have … Wikipedia
Military history of India — History of South Asia and India Stone age (7000–1300 BCE) … Wikipedia
List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 2007 — This is an incomplete list of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom in 2007. NOTOC 1 100* Cider and Perry and Wine and Made wine (Amendment) Regulations 2007 S.I. 2007/4 * Customs and Excise (Personal Reliefs for Special Visitors)… … Wikipedia
List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1996 — This is a complete list of all 2071 Statutory Instruments published in the United Kingdom in the year 1996. NOTOC 1 100* Insurance Companies (Pension Business)(Transitional Provisions) (Amendment) Regulations 1996 S.I. 1996/1 * Sea Fishing… … Wikipedia