- Tibesti Mountains
The Tibesti Mountains are a group of
dormant volcanoes forming a mountain rangein the central Sahara desertin the Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Regionof northern Chad. The northern slopes extend a short distance into southern Libya.
Geography and climate
The mountains are the largest and highest range in the Sahara. The highest peak is
Emi Koussi, 3,415 m. Other summits include Kegueur Terbi(3,376 m), Tarso Taro(3,325 m), the active volcano Pic Tousside(3,265 m) and Soborom(3,100 m). While the high peaks themselves are all constituted of volcanic material, the mountains stand on broad uplifted area possibly caused by a mantle plume.
The range has a substantially wetter
climatethan the arid surrounding desert; annual rainfall is estimated at five inches (12 cm) in some of the highest areas of the mountains.Fact|date=August 2007
The mountains are known for their ancient
cave paintings, mostly dating from the 5th to the 3rd millennium BC, and for the geysers and hot springs around Soboroum.
The area has long been home to the
Touboupeople which had trading relations with Carthagefrom the 500s BC. The main town in the area is Bardaï, while Zouarand Aouzou are smaller settlements.
*Gourgaud A. and P. M. Vincent. 2004. Petrology of two continental alkaline intraplate series at Emi Koussi volcano, Tibesti, Chad. "Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research" 129(4): 261-290.
* [http://www.tibesti.org Tibesti]
* [http://www.peakware.com/areas.html?a=385 Information on climbing, with map]
* [http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/img_Tibesti.html Information about the mountains, with images]
* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/pa/pa1331_full.html WWF report on the Tibesti region]
* [http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Africa/Chad/North/Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti/ Photo gallery]
* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sites/?action=SitHTMDetails.asp&sid=6889&m=0 Bird life in the Tibesti Mountains]
* [http://tchadmonpays.free.fr/cartes.php3 Photo gallery]
* [http://www.tlc-exped.net/R18Ber.html Travel page with photos (in German)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tibesti Mountains — geographical name mountains N central Africa in the Sahara in NW Chad; highest peak Emi Koussi 11,204 feet (3415 meters) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Tibesti Mountains — … Useful english dictionary
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