- Hempstead County, Arkansas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Hempstead County
state = Arkansas
map size = 225
founded = December 15, 1818
seat = Hope | area_total_sq_mi =741
area percentage = 1.70%
census yr = 2000
pop = 23587
Hempstead County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Arkansas. As of 2000, the population was 23,587. The county seatis Hope.GR|6 Hempstead County is Arkansas's fourth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Pulaski counties. The county is named for Edward Hempstead, a delegate to the U.S. Congress from the Missouri Territory, which included present-day Arkansas at the time. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
Hempstead County is part of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Historic Washington State Parkis located in Hempstead County some nine miles northwest of Hope in the historic village of Washington, Arkansas. The state parkopened in 1973 as "Old Washington Historic State Park", but the "Old" was dropped from the name in 2006. The park offers walking tours of the historic village, which contains more than a dozen historic structures from the 19th and early 20th centuries.
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 741 square miles (1,920 km²), of which, 729 square miles (1,888 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (33 km²) of it (1.70%) is water. Hempstead County is alternately considered as part of the greater regions of South Arkansasor Southwest Arkansas.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 23,587 people, 8,959 households, and 6,378 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 10,166 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.28% White, 30.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. 8.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,959 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,622, and the median income for a family was $34,082. Males had a median income of $25,830 versus $17,383 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $14,103. About 16.00% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.20% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
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