Pike County, Arkansas


Pike County, Arkansas

Infobox U.S. County
county = Pike County
state = Arkansas




map size = 225
founded = November 1, 1833
seat = Murfreesboro | area_total_sq_mi =614
area_land_sq_mi =603
area_water_sq_mi =11
area percentage = 1.77%
census yr = 2000
pop = 11303
density_km2 =7
web =
|

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2000, the population is 11,303. The county seat is Murfreesboro.GR|6 Pike County is Arkansas's 25th county, formed on November 1, 1833 and named for Lieutenant Zebulon Pike, the explorer who discovered Pikes Peak. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

History

The first known residents of the area now considered Pike County were Native Americans. The Quapaw tribe was prominent in the area, as well as the Kadohadocho, and Cahinnio tribes. Expeditions led by Hernando de Soto and Sieur de La Salle passed through the area. Around 1800, the Kadohadocho tribe migrated to Texas to avoid further repeated attacks by the Osage, who would venture in from the Oklahoma area.

Pike County was part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, and on November 1st, 1833, Pike County was created, and named after Zebulon Pike. A post office was established in what is now Murfreesboro, with the town itself receiving its name due to some of its first residents having originated from Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Until it was officially named, Murfreesboro had been referred to as "Forks of the Missouri" or "Three Forks". Much of the counties documented history was destroyed in the court house fires of 1855 and 1895.

During the Civil War, Pike County men formed two full companies for service in regiments formed in Montgomery County, in the Confederate Army, with the most active being the 4th Arkansas Infantry, and the county was firmly in support of the Confederate States of America. In 1864 Murfreesboro served as a winter quarters for the Confederate regiments assigned to that area, with Union Army regiments wintering just eighteen miles away in and around Antoine.

In 1900, Martin White Greeson, who owned property in Pike County and also owned and operated the Murfreesboro-Nashville Southwest Rail-Road, began campaigning for a dam on the Little Missouri River to alleviate flooding. It was not until 1941 that the project was approved, and construction began on June 1, 1948, and was completed on July 12th, 1951. The lake created by the dam was named Lake Greeson in Greeson's honor. In the early 20th century, Rosboro, Arkansas was the headquarters of one of the states most productive lumber mills, and received its name from Thomas Whitaker Rosborough, owner of the lumber company. That company, originating in Rosboro, eventually moved to Springfield, Oregon, where today it is one of the largest forest product producers in the U.S., and it operates under the name of the "Rosboro Timber Company".

During World War II Murfreesboro was used as a sight to house and work German prisoners of war. Since the late 19th century, the counties main source of employment has been in the timber industry.

Notable residents

*Singer Glen Campbell was born in Delight in Pike County.
*Former U.S. Representative Thomas Dale Alford was born in Pike County. A leading ophthalmologist in Little Rock, he served in Congress from 1959-1963, having first been elected as a write-in candidate.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 614 square miles (1,590 km²), of which, 603 square miles (1,562 km²) of it is land and 11 square miles (28 km²) of it (1.77%) is water.

Major highways

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Adjacent counties

*Montgomery County (north)
*Clark County (east)
*Nevada County (southeast)
*Hempstead County (south)
*Howard County (west)

National protected area

* Ouachita National Forest (part)

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,303 people, 4,504 households, and 3,265 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 5,536 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.04% White, 3.47% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.60% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 3.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,504 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,695, and the median income for a family was $32,883. Males had a median income of $27,294 versus $17,266 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,385. About 12.80% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 20.20% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

* Crater of Diamonds State Park & Water park

Cities and towns

References

* [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=798&type=Category&item=Counties%2c+Towns%2c+and+Locations Pike County, Arkansas Encyclopedia]


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  • Pike County (Arkansas) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Arkansas Verwaltungssitz: Murfreesboro Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 219 Murfreesboro, AR 71958 0219 Gründung: 1. November 1833 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Arkansas — Location of Pike County in Arkansas This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Arkansas. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties on the National Register of Historic Places in Pike County …   Wikipedia

  • Pike County — is the name of ten counties in the United States: Pike County, Alabama Pike County, Arkansas Pike County, Georgia Pike County, Illinois Pike County, Indiana Pike County, Kentucky Pike County, Mississippi Pike County, Missouri Pike County, Ohio… …   Wikipedia

  • Pike County — Es gibt in den Vereinigten Staaten zehn Countys mit dem Namen Pike County: Pike County (Alabama) Pike County (Arkansas) Pike County (Georgia) Pike County (Illinois) Pike County (Indiana) Pike County (Kentucky) Pike County (Mississippi) Pike… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pike County Courthouse — bezeichnet mehrere gleichnamige, im NRHP gelistete, Objekte: Pike County Courthouse (Arkansas), ID Nr. 86002863 Pike County Courthouse (Georgia), ID Nr. 80001222 Pike County Courthouse (Indiana), ID Nr. 08000913 Pike County Courthouse… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Howard County (Arkansas) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Arkansas Verwaltungssitz: Nashville Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse 421 North Main Street Nashville, AR 71852 2007 Gründung: 17. April 1873 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Montgomery County (Arkansas) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Arkansas Verwaltungssitz: Mount Ida Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 377 Mount Ida, AR 71957 0377 Gründung: 9. Dezember 1842 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clark County, Arkansas — Location in the state of Arkansas …   Wikipedia

  • Montgomery County, Arkansas — Location in the state of Arkansas …   Wikipedia


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