- Quadrangle (architecture)
architecture, a quadrangle is a space or courtyard, usually square or rectangular in plan, the sides of which are entirely or mainly occupied by parts of a large building. The word is probably most closely associated with collegeor university campusarchitecture, but quadrangles may be found in other buildings such as palaces. Most quadrangles are open air, while a few have been glazed over often to provide additional space for social meeting areas or coffee shops for students.
The word "quadrangle" was originally synonymous with "
quadrilateral", but this usage is now relatively uncommon. ["Quadrangle, "n." Oxford English Dictionary. Ed. J.A. Simpson and E.S.C. Weiner. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. OED Online Oxford University Press. 29 June 2006. http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50193968]
Some modern quadrangles bear a passing resemblance to the
cloistergardens of medievalmonasteries, which were usually square or rectangular gardens or lawns enclosed by open arcades or cloisters. However it is clear from the oldest examples (such as Mob Quad) which are plain and unadorned with arcades, that the medieval colleges in Oxford and Cambridge were creating practical accommodation for college members. Grander quadrangles that look like cloisters came later, once the idea of a college was well established and benefactors or founders wished to create more monumental buildings. [See the references at Mob Quad]
Thomas Jefferson's design for the University of Virginiacentered the housing and academic buildings in a Palladianform around three sides the Lawn, a huge grassy expanse. Later, some American college and university planners imitated the Jeffersonian plan, the Oxbridgeidea, Beaux-Arts forms, and other models. The University of Chicago's Gothic campus is also notable for its innovative use of quadrangles.Fact|date=February 2007
Reading School, Berkshire.
Blue Boar Quadrangle
David R. Francis Quadrangle
Mob Quadin Merton College, Oxfordis one of the oldest quads in existence.
*The Dartmouth Green
Radcliffe Quadrangle, University College, Oxford
Schenley Quadrangle, University of Pittsburgh
Bascom Hill, University of Wisconsin-Madison
The Citadel (military college)
University of Pennsylvania
*Upper Quad, Lincoln Hall,
University of Nottingham
Imperial College London
St. Joseph's College, London
United States Air Force Academy
*The Medical Quandrangle, Queen's University
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