- Republican Party (United States) presidential debates, 2008
The 2008 Republican Presidential Debates were political debates before the 2008 Republican Primaries. The first was
May 3, 2007, at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Libraryin California. Other debates have taken place in New Hampshire, South Carolina, and Florida. They were generally broadcast by television networks.
The debates can have a substantial effect on the primaries and are important chances for the public to compare the candidates side-by-side.
Candidates in the debates
John McCain- Arizona
ince Withdrawn candidates
Jim Gilmore- Virginia (withdrew July 14, 2007). [cite news | url=http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0707/4949.html | title=Gilmore drops out of the race | author=Allen, Mike | work=Politico.com |date=2007-07-14]
Tommy Thompson- Wisconsin (withdrew August 12, 2007). [cite news | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/12/AR2007081201451.html | title=Tommy Thompson Leaves Race After Poor Showing in Iowa Poll | author=Cillizza, Chris | work=Washington Post |date=2007-08-13]
Sam Brownback- Kansas (withdrew October 19, 2007). [cite news | url=http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/news/politics/national/stories/102007dnnatbrownback.1d7a7ce.html | title=Republican Sam Brownback ends White House run | work=Dallas Morning News |date=2007-10-19]
Tom Tancredo- Colorado (withdrew December 19, 2007). [cite news | url=http://www.denverpost.com/broncos/ci_7761451 | title=Tancredo campaign to end tomorrow | work=The Denver Post |date=2007-12-19]
Duncan Hunter- California (withdrew January 19, 2008). [cite news | url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080120/ap_on_el_pr/hunter_withdraws_5| title=Rep. Duncan Hunter exits Republican race | work=news.yahoo.com|date=2008-01-19]
Fred Thompson- Tennessee (withdrew January 22, 2008). [cite news | url=http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/01/22/thompson.out/index.html | title=Thompson abandons White House bid | work=cnn.com |date=2007-01-22]
Rudy Giuliani- New York (withdrew January 30, 2008).
Mitt Romney- Massachusetts (withdrew February 7, 2008). [cite news | url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080207/ap_on_el_pr/romney | title=Romney suspends presidential campaign|work=news.yahoo.com|date=2008-02-07]
Mike Huckabee- Arkansas (withdrew March 4, 2008).
*Former UN Ambassador
Alan Keyes- Maryland (withdrew from Republican Party April 15, 2008).
Ron Paul- Texas (withdrew June 12, 2008).
Key: X denotes attendance at the debate. N denotes candidate was not invited. - denotes candidate not in race. Blank space denotes candidate was invited but did not participate.
The candidate debates
May 3, 2007 - Simi Valley, California
The first Republican debate was at the
Ronald Reagan Presidential Libraryin Simi Valley, California. It was simulcastlive for 90 minutes on MSNBCand Politico.com.Questions were gathered from The Politico readers for the candidates. All declared candidates were present, as Fred Thompson had not yet declared. Former First Lady Nancy Reaganwas present, along with California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.
The debate was moderated by
MSNBCanchor Chris Matthewsof "Hardball" and " The Politico"'s John Harris.cite web
title = Republican Candidates Differ in Defining Party
url = http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/04/us/politics/04repubs.html
New York Times
accessdate = 2007-05-04 ] Questions were gathered from "The Politico" readers for the candidates.
The candidates presented differing opinions of President
George W. Bush, with McCain and Huckabee criticizing Bush's mismanagement of the Iraq Warwhile Giuliani and Romney praised Bush, Ron Paul said Bush was a poor conservative. The candidates also presented different opinions on contentious issues such as abortionand stem-cell researchbut were united in calling for further tax cuts. [ [http://www.theledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070503/APP/705030701 GOP Debate Focuses on Iraq War, Abortion] , Associated Press, May 3, 2007.] All candidates opposed a pullout from Iraq except for Ron Paul, who spoke and voted against the resolution to authorize war on Iraq in 2002and has been a vocal critic of the war. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/03/us/politics/04transcript.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1 May 3, 2007, Republican Debate Transcript] , New York Times] [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=peBGJwE9NXo May 3, 2007, Republican Debate Video] , YouTube] When asked to indicate if they did not believe in evolution, three candidates (Tancredo, Brownback, and Huckabee) raised their hands, [cite web |url= http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9C07EFDB113EF937A35756C0A9619C8B63|title= Republican Candidates Hold First Debate, Differing on Defining Party's Future|accessdate=2007-11-15 |publisher= "The New York Times"|date=2007-05-04] although in the June 5 debate, Brownback and Huckabee elaborated on their position, taking a far more moderate approach.
Howard Finemanand Joe Scarboroughconcluded that Romney did the best and maintained his posture by seeming the most energetic in the debate. Eugene Robinsondeduced that Romney showed that he has the potential to be a formidable candidate and also answered the most questions in a consistent manner.
At the end of the debate, MSNBC's online votes showed
Ron Paulstanding out from the other candidates. Ron Paul won "Best one liner," "Who stood out from the pack" "Most convincing debater", and "Who showed the most leadership qualities?" In all four, he had at least 45% of the total vote. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18436681/ Vote on the California Republican debate] ] Mitt Romney won an online vote taken at "The Drudge Report", with Giuliani and Paul close behind. [ [http://www.drudgereportarchives.com/dsp/polls_results/2007_republicanDebate.htm Who Won the Reagan Derby?] Accessed May 7, 2007, at drudgereportarchives.com]
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/13284/republican_debate_transcript_california.html CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18478985/ MSNBC Transcript]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/03/us/politics/04transcript.html New York Times Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/video-republican-candidates-debate-in-california/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_ca/ Video with Closed Caption]
May 15, 2007 - Columbia, South Carolina
The second Republican debate was
May 15in Columbia, South Carolinaat the Koger Center for the Arts at the University of South Carolina. All candidates then declared participated. It was broadcast live for 90 minutes on Fox News Channel, and simulcast on Fox News Radio affiliates, including the station of the debate, WVOC. The event was moderated by Brit Hume, with Chris Wallaceand Wendell Golerasking most of the questions. The debate was in three rounds, the first on the War in Iraq, the second on domestic issues, such as abortion, gay rights, spending and tax cuts. For the last, Brit Humeproposed a fictional scenario involving terrorism. The candidates had to predict their actions in that situation. Fox News held text message voting by the audience. Ron Paul received the most (33%) with Mike Huckabee second (18%). [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,295969,00.html^ "You Decide: Results of 'Hannity & Colmes' Text Messaging Poll." FOXNews.com. 6 September 2007.]
During the debate,
Ron Paulasserted that American interventionism in the Middle East, from CIA installation of Iranian leaders to the bombing of Iraq in the 1990s, culminating in the on-going Iraq war, led to anti-American sentiment in the Middle East and to terrorists plotting attacks against America. Rudy Giuliani portrayed Paul as implying that America had justified the 9/11 attacks through its actions and interrupted the proceedings to demand a retraction, which Paul refused. Former head of the CIA's bin Laden unit, Michael Scheuer, congratulated Ron Paul for his comments, calling them "the truth." [cite news | last =Horton | first =Scott | authorlink =Scott Horton | title =Fmr. Chief of CIA Osama Unit: Why They Attack Us | work = Antiwar.com|date= 2007-05-22| url =http://www.antiwar.com/blog/2007/05/22/fmr-chief-of-cia-osama-unit-why-they-attack-us/ | accessdate =2007-07-22 ] Others portrayed the exchange as a victory for Giuliani. [cite web |url= http://www.amconmag.com/2007/2007_06_18/cover.html|title= Lone Star|accessdate= 2007-06-24|author= Brendan Dougherty, Michael|date= 2007-06-18|publisher= " The American Conservative"]
ticking time bomb scenariosuggested by the moderator was: "Three shopping centers near major U.S. cities have been hit by suicide bombers. Hundreds are dead, thousands injured. A fourth attack has been averted when the attackers were captured off the Florida coast and taken to Guantanamo Bay, where they are being questioned. U.S. intelligence believes that another larger attack is planned and could come at any time." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/15/us/politics/16repubs-text.html?pagewanted=17&_r=1] Republican Presidential Debate in South Carolina Transcript] John McCainand Ron Paulwere the only candidates who said they were opposed to the concept of " enhanced interrogation techniques", [cite news| url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1622571,00.html | title=How Rudy Won the Second Debate| author=Joe Klein | publisher= Time magazine|date=2007-05-17| accessdate=2007-05-18] a phrase Paul labeled Orwellian newspeakfor torture. [cite web|url=http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/opinion/homepage/article_1698827.php |title=Opinion: Between the lines at the GOP debate, I - OCRegister.com |publisher=Ocregister.com |author=An Orange County Register editorial |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Mitt Romneysuggested that the U.S. double the size of facilities holding non-citizen enemy combatants held in places like Guantanamo and deny them access to the protections afforded to American citizens, such as the right of having an attorney. Giuliani said interrogators should use "any method they can think of" and did not exclude water-boarding.cite news | title=GOP candidates divided on detainees' treatment | url=http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-na-debate17may17,1,6480140.story?coll=la-headlines-politics | author=Peter Wallsten | publisher=Los Angeles Times |date=2007-05-17 | accessdate=2007-05-18] Expressing disbelief at the idea of debating "whether or not waterboarding would be a bad thing to do" Tom Tancredo said "I'm looking for Jack Bauer." [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0D1jre8GlQ Tancredo Response to a Possible Attack] ] Mike Huckabeedrew the biggest laughter of the night when he accused Congress of spending money "like John Edwardsat a beauty shop," a reference to Edwards, who at that time was a 2008 Democratic Presidential candidate, spending $800 of campaign money on two haircuts. [ [http://mediamatters.org/items/200705160005?f=h_latest Media heaped praise on Huckabee's "sexual dig" at Edwards] ]
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/13338/republican_debate_transcript_south_carolina.html CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/15/us/politics/16repubs-text.html New York Times Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/fox-news-republican-debate-video-from-south-carolina/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_columbia_sc/ Video with Closed Caption]
June 5, 2007 - Manchester, New Hampshire
WMUR-TV, CNN, and the " New Hampshire Union Leader" hosted Democratic and Republican debates at Saint Anselm Collegein Manchester, New Hampshire. The debate was two hours, without commercials, making it and the CNNDemocratic debate the longest debates in the 2008 season so far. All declared candidates participated, which excluded Thompson. Wolf Blitzerof " The Situation Room" and " Late Edition" on CNN moderated the debate.cite web
title = The Note: Futures Calendar
url = http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/TheNote/story?id=140388&CMP=OTC-RSSFeeds0312
accessdate = 2007-04-30 ] [ [http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?articleId=1ad37d0c-0189-455e-8211-8ee77a523e2e Union Leader - Primary calendar] ,
New Hampshire Union Leader, April 12, 2007.] [ [http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?articleId=6d21725f-db41-4da7-add7-3245d4ade4a7 Union Leader - Tickets available for primary debates] , New Hampshire Union Leader, May 16, 2007.]
According to the online CNN.com poll,
Ron Paulreceived the most votes in all but two categories: "snappiest dresser," who was Mitt Romney, and "most disappointing performance" who was Rudy Giuliani. [ [http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/debates/scorecard/gop.debate/results.html CNN Poll results] accessed June 6, 2007.] The "big three" candidates (Giuliani, McCain, Romney) also received larger shares of air time compared to the "minor candidates." [http://chrisdodd.com/node/1382 Graph of air time at Chris Dodd site, June 18, 2007.] [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/08/us/politics/08thompson.html Graph of air time at New York Times, June 18, 2007.]
A WBZ-Franklin Pierce College poll showed Romney as the winner of the debate at 22%, followed by Rudy Giuliani at 18% and John McCain at 11%. In that poll, none of the other candidates earnered over 3%. Participants in the debate: Sam Brownback, James S. Gilmore, Rudy Giuliani, Duncan Hunter, Mike Huckabee, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Tom Tancredo andTommy Thompson [ [http://www.seacoastonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070609/NEWS/706090339 Romney Leads in Debate Poll] , Seacoast Online, June 9, 2007.]
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/13549/republican_debate_transcript_new_hampshire.html CFR Transcript]
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0706/05/se.01.html CNN Transcript]
* [http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/06/06/nh.gop.debate.video/index.html CNN Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_nh_060507/ Video with Closed Caption]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/05/us/politics/05cnd-transcript.html?ex=1187668800&en=f90492e8216c5ff1&ei=5070 New York Times Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/cnn-republican-debate-from-new-hampshire-6507/ Entire Debate Video]
July 12, 2007 - Detroit, Michigan
Attended only by
Tom Tancredo. All 9 Republican candidates were invited, only Tancredo attended.
This was held during the
NAACP98th annual convention. It was hosted by Russ Mitchell.
* [http://www.naacpwebcast.com/naacp2007/player_naacp07_01.asp Webcast from NAACP web site (click on Republican Candidates forum)]
August 5, 2007 - Des Moines, Iowa
ABC News conducted a live, 90-minute debate that aired Sunday morning on a special edition of "This Week", moderated by
George Stephanopoulos. All Republican candidates were present. Mitt Romney defended his change from a pro-choice to pro-life position on abortion. Ron Paulspoke of pulling U.S. troops out of Iraq. The debate concluded with the candidates' revealing their biggest mistakes. Frontrunners Mitt Romney, Rudy Giuliani, and John McCainwere given more time to speak than were lesser-known candidates, as in previous debates.
According to an on-line poll at ABCNews.com, Paul won the debate with 63% of votes.cite web | last = ABCnews.com | authorlink = ABC News | title = Vote: Who Won the Republican Debate? | publisher = ABCnews.com |date=2007-08-05 | url = http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Decision2008/popup?id=3436820 | accessdate = 2007-08-06] Paul's vote total was nearly eight times as many as runner-up Romney.
Frank Luntz, a political commentator for Fox News, asserted that Mike Huckabeehad won the debate. [cite web | title = Luntz on GOP Debate: Huckabee Comes Out On Top | url = http://race42008.com/2007/08/05/luntz-on-gop-debate-huckabee-comes-out-on-top/ ]
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/13981/republican_debate_transcript_iowa.html CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/05/us/politics/05transcript-debate.html New York Times Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/video-the-abc-news-republican-debate-from-iowa/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_iowa.html Video with Closed Caption]
eptember 5, 2007 - Durham, New Hampshire
Fox News Channelhosted a Republican debate at The Whittemore Center at the University of New Hampshirein Durham, New Hampshire, for 90 minutes on Fox News. [cite web|url=http://www.update08.foxnews.com/ |title=Fox News Channel - You Decide 2008 |publisher=Update08.foxnews.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] The event was moderated by Brit Hume, with Chris Wallace and Wendell Golerasking most of the questions. According to a public text messagingpoll, Ron Paulwon with 33%, Mike Huckabeecame in second with 18%, followed by Rudy Giulianiand John McCainwho received 15% and 14% respectively. ["You Decide: Results of 'Hannity & Colmes' Text Messaging Poll." "FOXNews.com". 6 September 2007. [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,295969,00.html] ] All candidates who were declared participated.
The Fox News Luntz
focus groups watching the debate declared disappointment with the performance by Mitt Romneyand Rudy Giuliani, though John McCainwas viewed favorably. [cite web|url=http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2007/09/06/347294.aspx |title=Last night's debate - First Read - msnbc.com |publisher=Firstread.msnbc.msn.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] However, some noted the lack of McCain supporters in the audience. [http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?headline=GOP+candidates+spar+on+illegal+immigration%2c+family+values&articleId=20510cb9-ebf2-4b5a-b4d3-ce84af8f0e03 GOP candidates spar on illegal immigration, family values] on The Union Leader website accessed at October 18, 2007.] The status of Larry Craigwas discussed in the debate, with Sam Brownbackstating that Craig should go through with his decision to resign.
An exchange between
Ron Pauland Mike Huckabeeover the war in Iraq was covered extensively by many news agencies. [cite web |url= http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2007/09/06/huckbee-and-paul-tussle-on-iraq/|title= Huckabee and Paul tussle on Iraq|accessdate=2007-11-15 |date= |publisher= CNN] [cite web |url= http://thehill.com/campaign-2008/huckabee-pauls-debate-comments-ludicrous-and-unacceptable-2007-09-06.html|title= Huckabee calls Paul’s debate comments ‘ludicrous’|accessdate=2007-11-15 |publisher= "The Hill"|date=2007-09-06] [cite web |url= http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/news/politics/blog/2007/09/wanted_ron_paul_vs_mike_huckab.html|title= Wanted: Ron Paul vs. Mike Huckabee rematch|accessdate=2007-11-15 |publisher= "The Baltimore Sun"|date=2007-09-06]
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/14142/republican_debate_transcript_new_hampshire.html?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2Fby_type%2Fessential_document CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/video-fox-news-republican-debate-from-new-hampshire/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_nh_090507/ Video with Closed Caption]
eptember 17, 2007 - Fort Lauderdale, Florida
The first-ever "Values Voter" Presidential Debate was held for the GOP candidates at the
Broward Center for the Performing Artsin Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It was broadcast live on television on Sky Angel, and live on many Christian radio stations, including the Voice of Christian Youth America ( VCY America) network and WKBF-AM, and online on the American Family Association(AFA) Web site. Seven candidates attended-- Brownback, Huckabee, Hunter, Paul, Tancredo, and newly announced candidate Alan Keyesand John H. Cox, a candidate who had then not appeared in any of the other debates. The official Web site reports the immediate straw pollof 340 delegates was won by Huckabee with 219 votes (63%) to Paul 44 (13%), Keyes 22 (7%), Brownback 18 (5%), Fred Thompson 15 (4%), Hunter 4%, Tancredo 2%, Giuliani 1%, McCain 1%, Cox 1%, and Romney 0%. A similar event was planned for the Democratic candidates, but none would confirm their participation.
* [http://www.afa.net/debate/ AFA Video]
* [http://www.keyesarchives.com/transcript.php?id=429 Full transcript]
eptember 27, 2007 - Baltimore, Maryland
PBS television hosted a Republican debate in Baltimore,
Maryland, at Morgan State Universitythat aired live on PBS and on www.pbs.org. [cite web|url=http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nation/bal-te.debate07sep07,0,5775286.story |title=Topic Galleries - baltimoresun.com |publisher=Baltimoresun.com |date=September 15, 2008 |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/kcet/tavissmiley/special/forums/?campaign=pbshomefeatures_2_allamericanpresidentialforums_2007-09-26 |title=Tavis Smiley . Special Feature . All-American Presidential Forums on PBS Moderated by Tavis Smiley PBS |publisher=Pbs.org |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] The All-American Presidential Forums are the first in prime time with a panel exclusively of journalists of color. Questions were asked by host Tavis Smileyand panelists Ray Suarezof The NewsHour, Cynthia Tuckerof The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, and NPR's Juan Williams.
The six debaters were
Sam Brownback, Mike Huckabee, Alan Keyes, Ron Paul, Duncan Hunter, and Tom Tancredo. Absent were Rudy Giuliani, John McCain, Mitt Romney, and Fred Thompson, who, according to scientific public opinion surveys, [cite web|url=http://www.pollingreport.com/wh08rep.htm |title=WH2008: Republicans |publisher=Pollingreport.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] were the leading Republican candidates. Those four were roundly condemned by the hosts and most of the participants. The first few questions concerned how some perceive the Republican Party to be racist. The organizers put empty podiums on the stage in place of the candidates who refused to attend.
* [http://www.pbs.org/kcet/tavissmiley/special/forums/transcript.html PBS Transcript]
* [http://www.pbs.org/kcet/tavissmiley/special/forums/video.html PBS Video, Audio and downloadable Podcast]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_maryland/ Video with Closed Caption]
October 9, 2007 - Dearborn, Michigan
CNBC, " The Wall Street Journal", and the University of Michigan-Dearbornhosted a Republican debate in Dearborn, Michiganat the Ford Community and Performing Arts Center. [cite web|url=http://www.migopdebate.org/ |title=MIGOPDebate.org |publisher=Migopdebate.org |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.cnbc.com/id/20623950/site/14081545/ |title=CNBC/MSNBC/Wall Street Journal Sponsoring Republican Presidential Debate Oct. 9th Focusing On Economic Issues - CNBC News Releases - MSNBC.com |publisher=Cnbc.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] It was co-moderated by MSNBC's Chris Matthewsand CNBC's Maria Bartiromo. The focus of the debate was on the American economy. Sam Brownback, Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, Duncan Hunter, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Tom Tancredo, participated, along with Fred Thompsonin his debate debut. Alan Keyes was not invited. According to online CNBC.com poll, which was taken down after several hours when total number of votes were over 7,500, [cite web|url=http://www.cnbc.com/id/21257762?__source=RSS*blog*&par=RSS |title=Political Capital with John Harwood - Political Capital with John Harwood - MSNBC.com |publisher=Cnbc.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.cnbc.com/id/21270546 |title=My Open Letter To Ron Paul Supporters - Political Capital with John Harwood - MSNBC.com |publisher=Cnbc.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Ron Paulreceived over 70% of the votes in all three categories. [cite web|url=http://www.usaelectionpolls.com/2008/debates/republican-debate-polls.html |title=2008 Republican Debate Polls - Ron Paul, Mike Huckabee, Mitt Romney, Rudy Giuliani |publisher=Usaelectionpolls.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.jasonleecochran.com/images/cnbc_poll_after_GOP_debate_october_9_2007.png|title=Welcome to www.jasonleecochran.com! |publisher=Jasonleecochran.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.google.com/base/a/1360441/D958442506607009280 |title=Google Base: CNBC Pulls Online Poll That Shows Ron Paul Handily Winning Pres Debate |publisher=Google.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.freemarketnews.com/WorldNews.asp?nid=50010 |title=Round Up of Ron Paul Blogs & News After Debate - Free Market News Network |publisher=Freemarketnews.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] For the question, who won the debate, Paul received 74%, Huckabee came in second with 7.2%, followed by Romney with 5.8%, Thompson with 5.5%, Giuliani with 3.6%, McCain with 1.9% and all others below 1%.
The "highlight" of the debate occurred when Mitt Romney and Rudy Giuliani debated whether the
line-item vetowas constitutional or not. Giuliani claimed that it was unconstitutional and challenged former President Bill Clintonon its use, while Romney praised the practice citing that he used it 844 times as Governorof Massachusetts.
Another high point in the debate happened when candidates were asked by
Chris Matthewsif they need to go to Congress to get authorization to take military action against Iran's nuclear facilities, if they were president of the United States. [cite web|url=http://blog.washingtonpost.com/the-trail/2007/10/10/post_130.html |title=Romney and Lawyers The Trail washingtonpost.com |publisher=Blog.washingtonpost.com |date=(12:02 PM ET) |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.thenation.com/blogs/thebeat?bid=1&pid=241385 |title=Mitt Romney Goes All Alberto Gonzales on the Constitution |publisher=Thenation.com |author=John Nichols Breaking news and analysis on the political, social, economic and cultural activism that mainstream media commonly ignore. |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] While Hunter, Huckabee, McCain, Thompson and Giuliani replied they would not obtain US Congressauthorization if there was some imminent threat from Iran, Romney replied "You sit down with your attorneys and (they) tell you what you have to do, ..." Paul, in his reply, strongly advocated for obtaining US Congressauthorization, which is mandatory in the US Constitution, [cite web|url=http://www.house.gov/house/Constitution/Constitution.html |title=U.S. Constitution |publisher=House.gov |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] and addressed Romney's answer by stating "This idea of going and talking to attorneys totally baffles me. Why don't we just open up the Constitution and read it? You're not allowed to go to war without a declaration of war."
In the end of the debate, Mitt Romney remarked, "This is a lot like 'Law & Order,' senator. It has a huge cast, the series seems to go on forever and Fred Thompson shows up at the end." Romney was making a reference to Fred Thompson's role on
Law & Order. Not to be outdone, Thompson replied, "And to think I thought I was going to be the best actor on the stage." [cite web|url=http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/10/09/analysis_thompson_stays_on_script_romney_giuliani_draw_focus/ |title=Analysis: Thompson stays on script; Romney, Giuliani draw focus - Boston.com |publisher=Boston.com |author=Liz Sidoti, Associated Press Writer | October 9, 2007 |date=October 9, 2007 |accessdate=2008-09-15]
Critics of the debate have commented on the uneven amount of time given to "second tier" candidates. [cite web|url=http://www.usaelectionpolls.com/2008/articles/ron-paul-silenced-at-cnbc-debate-transcript.html |title=Ron Paul Treated Unfairly at the CNBC Debate - Proof From the Transcript |publisher=Usaelectionpolls.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
The debate aired on CNBC and MSNBC.
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/14459/republican_debate_transcript_detroit_michigan.html?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2Fpublication_list%3Ftype%3Dessential_document%26page%3D4 CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3032553/ MSNBC Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_michigan.html Video with Closed Caption]
October 16, 2007 - Washington, D.C.
Republican Jewish Coalitiondebate at the Grand Hyatt Hotel Independence Ballroom featured five candidates: Sam Brownback, Rudy Giuliani, John McCain, Mitt Romney, and Fred Thompson. Although Mike Huckabeewas invited, he did not attend, due to being in California at an event with Newt Gingrich. RJC Communications Director Shari Hillman wrote that "due to the limited time available for the event, the RJC could only include the top six candidates currently in the field." The Jewish Telegraphic Agencyreported that sources close to the RJC leadership said that Paul was excluded due to his "record of consistently voting against assistance to Israel and his criticisms of the pro-Israel lobby". [cite web|url=http://jta.org/cgi-bin/iowa/breaking/104383.html |title=Breaking News - JTA, Jewish & Israel News |publisher=Jta.org |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
* [http://www.rjchq.org/news.asp?FormMode=Detail&id=1253 RJC Forum Webcast]
October 21, 2007 - Orlando, Florida
Republican Party of Floridahosted a two-day event on October 20and 21 featuring Republican candidates in a debate. Produced with the Fox News Channel, it was moderated by Chris Wallace, Brit Hume, Wendell Goler, and Carl Cameron. Many candidates participated. Alan Keyeswas not invited.
The event was at the Rosen Shingle Creek Hotel and Resort in Orlando,
Florida. The weekend culminated in the nationally-televised, prime-time debate. [cite web |url = http://www.foxnews.com/specials/ |title = Specials - FOXNews.com |accessdate = 2008-06-06]
According to Fox News Viewers text voting after the debate,
Ron Paulwon with 34%, Huckabee came in second with 27%, Giuliani third with 11%, Romney 10%, Thompson 9%, McCain 5%, Hunter 1% and Tancredo less than 1%. [http://www.usadaily.com/article.cfm?articleID=132679 GOP Debate: Fox Viewers Say Ron Paul Won ] ] [cite web|url=http://www.freemarketnews.com/WorldNews.asp?nid=50521 |title=Ron Paul Wins Another GOP Fox Debate - Hannity Denies It - Free Market News Network |publisher=Freemarketnews.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
At one point, with the poll showing Ron Paul winning the informal “cell phone” poll,
Fox Newstalk show host Sean Hannityburst out with a definitive statement, “ Ron Pauldid not win the debate tonight,” even though the poll showed that he was winning by a wide margin. Hannity described the results as "stacking", though the poll permitted only one vote per telephone or computer address.
Paul was the only candidate to be jeered during the debate--both times Paul advocated a non-interventionist foreign policy. [cite web|url=http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2007/10/21/423074.aspx |title=Paul booed twice - First Read - msnbc.com |publisher=Firstread.msnbc.msn.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Alan Colmes, in the post-debate analysis, stated that Paul drew the most spirited reaction of any candidate, both positive and negative.
This Republican debate also revealed that the Republican contenders think America will go bankrupt if spending policies are not changed.
Thompson hit on a theme on which all of the debaters seemed to agree, that out-of-control spending is bankrupting America: "We’re spending the money of our grand kids and kids yet to be born”, Thompson said.
Giulianiaccused Fred Thompsonof being the “biggest obstacle to tort reform”. Giuliani, touting his record as New York City mayor, said, “I brought down crime 60%”, and called for school choice.
Regarding health care,
Ron Paulsaid that “managed care isn’t working” and that “drug companies lobby for managed care”. Paul said, “We could take care of these poor people if we weren’t trying to maintain an empire overseas”. Ron Paulhit continued to discuss the issue of military non-interventionism, “70% of Americans want war over with and are sick and tired of big government at home and overseas”. They want their “ civil libertiesand not allow government to spend endlessly and bankrupt us”. Paul also answered questions related to his experience with Medicaidand endorsed allowing civil unions for same-sex couples country-wide, with marriage itself handled solely by religious institutions. Mike Huckabeedefended the “sanctity of human life, it is one of the defining issues of our culture” and on health care promoted “personalization not privatization. We do not have health care system, we have a maze. It’s a health care crisis”.
FOX News Channel and its affiliates moderated and televised the debate.
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/14580/republican_debate_transcript_florida.html CFR transcript]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/21/us/politics/21debate-transcript.html New York Times transcript]
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/video/2007/10/22/VI2007102200430.html Washington Post video]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/video-fox-news-republican-debate-from-orlando-florida/ Fox News video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_florida.html Video with Closed Caption]
October 25, 2007 - Sioux City, Iowa
AARPand IPTV held their second presidential candidate forum at the Orpheum Theaterin Sioux City. Of the candidates invited, only former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabeeand U.S. Senator John McCainattended. [cite web|url = http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2007/09/it-all-comes-do.html|title = It all comes down to the cash|accessdate = 2007-10-24|last = Martelle|first = Scott|date=2007-09-21|work = Top of the Ticket: Politics, coast to coast, with the L.A. Times|publisher = Los Angeles Times] The forum was webcast live but was not aired on PBSstations across the country as originally planned.
Due to the absence of most candidates, the format was changed to "allow Sen. John McCain and Gov. Mike Huckabee to discuss the issues of health and financial security with
Iowa caucus-goers. The format included opening remarks, questions from moderator Dean Borg of IPTV, Sioux City Journalreaders and those selected in the audience." [cite web|url = http://www.aarp.org/issues/dividedwefail/elections/aarp_iptv_2008_presidential_candidates_forums_in_d.html|title = AARP, IPTV 2008 Presidential Candidate Forums in Davenport and Sioux City|accessdate = 2007-10-24|year = 2007|publisher = AARP]
[http://www.aarp.org/issues/dividedwefail/elections/aarp_iptv_2008_presidential_candidates_forums_in_d.html AARP video]
November 28, 2007 - St. Petersburg, Florida
This debate is known as the "YouTube" debate.
CNNplanned it with a simulcast on CNN en Español(in the Spanish language). Internet services YouTubeand November 25to YouTube [http://www.youtube.com/republicandebate] . According to Nielsen Media Research, the debate drew a record Cable TV audience for a presidential primary debate, an estimated 4.4 million viewers. [cite web|url=http://www.nielsenmedia.com/nc/portal/site/Public/menuitem.43afce2fac27e890311ba0a347a062a0/?show=%2FFilters%2FPublic%2Ftop_tv_ratings%2Fcable_tv&vgnextoid=9e4df9669fa14010VgnVCM100000880a260aRCRD |title=Top TV Ratings Nielsen Media Research |publisher=Nielsenmedia.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
The debate format permitted audience applause and boos -- something that had been uncommon in the debates.
Several candidates cited scheduling conflicts with the original date,
September 17, 2007, so it was re-scheduled. The invited candidates are Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, Duncan Hunter, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Tom Tancredo, and Fred Thompson. [cite web|url=http://www.youtube.com/youchoose |title=YouTube - Broadcast Yourself |publisher=Youtube.com |accessdate=2008-09-15] Alan Keyeswas not invited. All invited candidates accepted, and all appeared. [cite web|url = http://insidecable.blogsome.com/2007/10/29/cnnyoutube-republican-debate-major-players-onboard/|title = CNN/YouTube Republican Debate: Major players onboard… |accessdate = 2007-11-02|last = jilly|first = mcnair|date=2007-08-29|work = Inside Cable|publisher = Inside Cable News]
Thirty-three questions were chosen for the debate, with
Anderson Cooper- the moderator - determining which candidates would respond to each question. [cite web|url=http://blogs.usatoday.com/onpolitics/2007/11/as-the-gops-cnn.html |title=As the GOP's CNN/YouTube debate draws near, a few notes from the scene - On Politics - USATODAY.com |publisher=Blogs.usatoday.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Giuliani spoke 20 times, for a total of 16:38. Mitt Romney spoke 19 times, for a total of 13 minutes and 18 seconds. Fred Thompson and John McCain each spoke 12 times, for 12:16 & 11:00, respectively. Mike Huckabee spoke 11 times, for a total of 10:00. Paul spoke 9 times, for a total of 7:43. Hunter spoke 7 times, for a total of 5:06, and Tancredo spoke 7 times, for a total of 3:49. [cite web|url=http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2007/11/28/486161.aspx |title=Final speaking times - First Read - msnbc.com |publisher=Firstread.msnbc.msn.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Mike Huckabee was not given a question to answer until minute 26, while Ron Paul's first question was given after the first half hour. [cite web|url=http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2007/11/28/486055.aspx |title=Looking at the clock (1st half) - First Read - msnbc.com |publisher=Firstread.msnbc.msn.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
CNN's on-line viewer poll shows Ron Paul the winner of the debate with 49% of the vote. Viewers found Rudy Giuliani to have the most disappointing performance, with 27% of the vote. [cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/debates/scorecard/youtube.debate.112807/results.html |title=Election Center 2008 - Election & Politics News from CNN.com |publisher=Cnn.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
Forty-four percent of Florida Republicans who said they were undecided surveyed by InsiderAdvantage/Majority Opinion Research judged that Mike Huckabee won this debate, whereas 18% thought Rudy Giuliani won, 13% felt that Mitt Romney won, and 10% picked John McCain. No other participant was selected as the debate's winner by more than 5% of those surveyed. The poll's margin of error was +/- 6%.cite web|url=http://www.southernpoliticalreport.com/storylink_1128_53.aspx |title=Southern Political Report |publisher=Southernpoliticalreport.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] An InsiderAdvantage/Majority Opinion Research survey of over 1,035 decided & undecided Iowa Republicans taken during the last 20 minutes of the debate found that 32% thought Huckabee won the debate, while 16% judged that Romney won, 12% felt that Giuliani won, and 10% picked John McCain. In this poll, Fred Thompson was chosen by 7% and Ron Paul was chosen by 6% as the debate's winner. No other participant was selected as the debate's winner by more than 2% of those surveyed.
John McCain and Ron Paul had a notable exchange over the
Iraq Warand the Vietnam War. McCain stated that troops wanted the US government to "let them win." Ron Paul replied "The real question you have to ask is why do I get the most money from active duty officers and military personnel?" [cite web|url=http://campaignspot.nationalreview.com/post/?q=MjFlMWExYWIxYzg2MWI1NDU1N2U3NWI2Yzc2OWZlNWM= |title=The Campaign Spot on National Review Online |publisher=Campaignspot.nationalreview.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] McCain also called Paul an isolationist, saying "We allowed Hitler to come to power with that kind of isolationism." Paul replied that McCain was confusing isolationismwith non-intervention, "I want to trade with people, talk with people, travel, but I don't want to send troops overseas using force to tell them how to live." [cite web|url=http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/news/politics/blog/2007/11/republicans_debate_whose_show.html |title=The Swamp: Republicans debate: Whose show was it, after all? |publisher=Weblogs.baltimoresun.com |date=Posted November 28, 2007 6:30 PM |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/11/28/politics/main3550190_page2.shtml |title=GOP Hopefuls Spar Over Immigration, YouTube Debate Turns Testy As Giuliani Accuses Romney Of Owning A "Sanctuary Mansion" - CBS News |publisher=Cbsnews.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Keith Olbermann and others noted that McCain's critiques of Paul's anti-war stance drew loud booing from the general audience. [ [http://www.usadaily.com/article.cfm?articleID=179851 CNN Youtube Debate falls short, Ron Paul the elephant in the room ] ] [Countdown with Keith Olbermann. Broadcast: November 28. 2007.]
During breaks, ads created by each campaign were aired. Fred Thompson's ad attacked Mitt Romney and Mike Huckabee, to which they were allowed to respond. [cite web|url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22006536 |title=GOP rivals spar in YouTube debate - The Debates - MSNBC.com |publisher=Msnbc.msn.com |date=Nov. 29, 2007 |accessdate=2008-09-15]
CNN was criticized for not revealing during the debate that
Keith Kerr, an openly gay military general who had submitted a question and spoke during the debate, was on a campaign advisory organization supporting Hillary Clinton. CNN cut the question and candidate response in the subsequent airing of the debate. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/30/us/politics/30repubs.html Gay Question Puts CNN on Defensive - New York Times - November 30, 2007] .] " LA Times" editorial writer Tim Rutten criticized CNN's handling of the debate, calling the network "corrupt" and accusing it of focusing the debate on immigration to benefit Lou Dobbs' ratings.
* [http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/11/28/debate.transcript/index.html Part 1] and [http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/11/28/debate.transcript.part2/ Part 2] of the transcript at CNN.
* [http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/11/28/florida.debate.video/index.html Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_cnn_youtube.html Video with Closed Caption]
December 9, 2007 - Miami, Florida
Univision", the nation's largest Spanish-speaking television network, sponsored a Republican debate hosted by the University of Miamion December 9, 2007.
The candidates in attendance were
Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, Duncan Hunter, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, and Fred Thompson. Alan Keyeswas not invited. Tom Tancredowas invited, but has vowed never to participate in a Spanish-language forum. [cite web |url= http://www.miamiherald.com/campaign08/story/301277.html|title= GOP's top tier to join Spanish debate|accessdate=2007-11-15 |author= Reinhard, Beth|date=2007-11-09|publisher= "The Miami Herald"] As expected a prominent portion of the debate focused on immigration.
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/video-univision-republican-debate-from-miami-florida/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/debate_transcript120907.pdf Transcript]
December 12, 2007 - Johnston, Iowa
Des Moines Register" and Iowa Public Televisionwere originally to host a Republican debate in Johnston, Iowa, on January 5, 2008. The Iowa Republican Party, undecided on a date for the caucus, finally settled on January 3, two days before the planned debate. The debate was then moved to December 12, the day before the Des Moines Register hosted a Democratic debate. It aired live on Iowa Public Television, CNN, MSNBC, C-SPAN3, Fox News Channel, C-SPAN Radio, and Fox News Radio, with a prime time replay on C-SPAN2.
Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, Duncan Hunter, Alan Keyes, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Tom Tancredo, and Fred Thompson participated in the 90-minute debate.
The moderator, Carolyn Washburn, editor of the "Des Moines Register", was criticized by the media for being overly "strict" in dictating answer time and for barring questions on both Iraq and immigration. ["Special Report with Brit Hume." Broadcast: 2007-12-12.] [cite web|url=http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/12/12/just-a-few-debate-leftovers/ |title=Just a Few Debate Leftovers - The Caucus - Politics - New York Times Blog |publisher=Thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com |author=Kate Phillips |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
* [http://www.iptv.org/video/detail.cfm/919/ Entire Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_debate_ia/ Video with Closed Caption]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/12/us/politics/12debate-transcript.html?pagewanted=print NY Times Transcript]
January 5, 2008 – Manchester, New Hampshire
The Republican debate included Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, John McCain, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, and Fred Thompson.
Charles Gibsonmoderated. Candidates were allowed to participate if they meet one of three criteria, "place first through fourth in Iowa, poll 5 percent or higher in one of the last four major New Hampshire surveys, or poll 5 percent or higher in one of the last four major national surveys."cite web|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/12/31/arts/TV-Debate-Limits.php |title=ABC, Fox News cutting low-polling presidential candidates out of debates - International Herald Tribune |publisher=Iht.com |author= |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15] Thus, ABC News eliminated Republican Duncan Hunter.
ABC said the rules were quite inclusive, and that none of the candidates objected ahead of time. "In previous debates where the stage was more crowded you had to make sure all of the candidates got equal time," said David Chalian, ABC News political director. "Here you will have more time to go in depth on the issues."
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/05/us/politics/05text-rdebate.html?_r=1&oref=slogin NY Times Transcript]
* [http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Vote2008/story?id=4091645&page=1 ABC News Transcript]
* [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=3554557223000413568 Entire Republican Debate Video]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_facebook Video with Closed Caption]
January 6, 2008 – Milford, New Hampshire
A brunch forum housed by
Chris Wallacewith presidential candidates, originally to be sponsored by the New Hampshire Republican Party, was planned for broadcast on Fox News.
Candidates Ron Paul and Duncan Hunter were excluded by Fox News, though Paul got 10 percent of the Iowa vote while Giuliani, who was invited, got just 3 percent. Fox News said they had only enough room for so many candidates.
New Hampshire Republican Party chair Fergus Cullen said on December 31, “Limiting the number of candidates who are invited to participate in debates is not consistent with the tradition of the first in the nation primary. The level playing field requires that all candidates be given an equal opportunity to participate–-not just a select few determined by the media prior to any votes being cast.” [cite web|url=http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/RonPaul2008/~3/209088153/has-fox-news--2.html |title=Ron Paul 2008: Has Fox News Excluded Ron Paul? pt. 3 |publisher=Feeds.feedburner.com |date=December 31, 2007 |accessdate=2008-09-15] [cite web|url=http://whereabouts.blogster.com/nh_republicans_dont.html |title=Nh Republicans: Don’t Limit Debate Participants by whereabouts on Blogster |publisher=Whereabouts.blogster.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
On January 5, following Fox News' continued refusal to allow a fair debate format, the New Hampshire Republican Party withdrew their sponsorship.cite web|url=http://www.boston.com/news/local/politics/primarysource/2008/01/nh_gop_drops_sp.html |title=NH GOP drops sponsorship of FOX debate - James Pindell - The Primary Source - Boston.com |publisher=Boston.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
Jay Lenoinvited Ron Paul to be a guest on the January 7 Tonight Show specifically because he felt Paul's exclusion was "unfair." [The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Broadcast: January 7, 2008.]
In a post-debate analysis by Fox News,
Mitt Romneywas declared the winner of the debate by several analysts. On top of this, Frank Luntz, a pollster with Fox News, indicated that Mitt Romney's performance was well-received by his focus group of both conservatives and moderate conservatives.
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/15179/republican_forum_transcript_fox_news.html?breadcrumb=%2Fcampaign2008%2Fspeeches Text transcript of the debate from the Council on Foreign Relations]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/2008/01/07/video-fox-news-new-hampshire-republican-forum-1608/ Video transcript of debate from You Decide 2008]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_010608/ Video with Closed Caption]
January 10, 2008 - Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
Fox Newshosted a debate at the Myrtle Beach Convention Center. All candidates except Duncan Hunterand Alan Keyesparticipated.
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/15249/ CFR Transcript]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/2008/01/11/video-fox-news-republican-debate-from-myrtle-beach-sc/ Video Transcript from You Decide 2008]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_011008/ Video with Closed Caption]
January 24, 2008 - Boca Raton, Florida
MSNBChosted a two-hour debate at Florida Atlantic University. [http://beforeyouvote.org/docs/FloridaRepublicanDateSet_120707.pdf] The organizers include the university, NBC, Leadership Florida, the Florida Press Association and the Florida Public Broadcasting Service Inc. It took place on Thursday, January 24, from 9 to 11 pm EST. A text message poll was taken after the debate asking viewers who they believed had won. The results showed Romney won with 41%, Paul with 40%, Huckabee with 8%, McCain with 7%, and Giuliani with 4%.
* [http://www.fau.edu/debates/ Official web site]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/24/us/politics/24text-debate.html?ref=politics&pagewanted=print Transcript]
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_012408/ Video with Closed Caption]
January 30, 2008 - Simi Valley, California
Los Angeles Times", " The Politico", CNN, and former First Lady Nancy Reagan, hosted a Republican debate in Simi Valley, California, at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. [cite news|url=http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0607/4638.html|title=Politico announces pivotal GOP debate|date= June 25, 2007|accessdate=2008-02-18|publisher=The Politico] [ [http://www.latimes.com/services/newspaper/mediacenter/releases/la-mediacenter-2007-0625,0,6967477.story?coll=la-mediacenter-releases Reagan Library Partners with CNN, the Los Angeles Times and Politico.com for Final GOP Presidential Debate, January 30, 2008] on Los Angeles Times accessed at January 6 2008] This was the first debate after Rudy Giuliani withdrew and the last before Super Tuesday. Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Mike Huckabee, and John McCainparticipated.
* [http://www.taudiobook.com/closed_caption/republican_013008 Video with Closed Caption]
* [http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/01/30/GOPdebate.transcript/index.html CNN full transcript] and [http://www.cnn.com/video/#/2008/POLITICS/01/30/videos.gop.debate/index.html video highlights]
February 2, 2008 - New York, New York
MTVand MySpacehosted a two-party debate on February 2, 2008, "Closing Arguments: A Presidential Super Dialogue", broadcast live from the MTV studios. The candidates were two Democrats, Barack Obamaand Hillary Clinton, and two Republicans, Ron Pauland Mike Huckabee. Invited but not attending were John McCainand Mitt Romney. [cite web|url=http://www.myspace.com/election2008 |title=MySpace.com - Hillary Clinton & Mike Huckabee - MySpace Election 2008 Closing Arguments with United States Presidential Candidates |publisher=Myspace.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-15]
* [http://www.usastrawpolls.com/debates/2008-republican-presidential-debate-polls.html 2008 Republican Presidential Debate Polls]
* [http://www.youdecide2008.com/video/ 2008 Republican Debate Video Archive]
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