List of birds of Guyana


List of birds of Guyana

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Guyana. The avifauna of Guyana includes a total of 796 species, of which 1 is endemic and 94 are rare or accidental. 3 species listed are extirpated in Guyana and are not included in the species count.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Accidental species are included in the total species counts for Guyana.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Guyana.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Guyana.
* (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in Guyana although populations exist elsewhere.

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Tinamous

Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Guyana.

*Gray Tinamou "Tinamus tao"
*Great Tinamou "Tinamus major"
*Cinereous Tinamou "Crypturellus cinereus"
*Red-legged Tinamou "Crypturellus erythropus"
*Little Tinamou "Crypturellus soui"
*Undulated Tinamou "Crypturellus undulatus"
*Variegated Tinamou "Crypturellus variegatus"
*Rusty Tinamou "Crypturellus brevirostris" (A)

Grebes

Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Guyana.

*Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea" (A)
*Greater Shearwater "Puffinus gravis" (A)
*Audubon's Shearwater "Puffinus lherminieri" (A)

torm-Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Guyana.

*Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus" (A)
*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa" (A)

Pelicans

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Brown Pelican "Pelecanus occidentalis"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster" (A)

Cormorants

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"

Darters

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"

Frigatebirds

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Guyana.

*Capped Heron "Pilherodius pileatus"
*Cocoi Heron "Ardea cocoi"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Tricolored Heron "Egretta tricolor"
*Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea"
*Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta" (A)
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Green Heron "Butorides virescens"
*Agami Heron "Agamia agami"
*Black-crowned Night Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron "Nyctanassa violacea"
*Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Fasciated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma fasciatum" (A)
*Rufescent Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma lineatum"
*Zigzag Heron "Zebrilus undulatus"
*Stripe-backed Bittern "Ixobrychus involucris" (A)
*Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"

torks

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Guyana.

*Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
*Maguari Stork "Ciconia maguari"
*Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Guyana.

*Buff-necked Ibis "Theristicus caudatus"
*Sharp-tailed Ibis "Cercibis oxycerca"
*Green Ibis "Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
*Bare-faced Ibis "Phimosus infuscatus" (A)
*Scarlet Ibis "Eudocimus ruber"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus" (A)
*Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"

Flamingos

Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Caribbean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus ruber" (A)

creamers

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Horned Screamer "Anhima cornuta" (Ex)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Guyana.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*White-faced Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna viduata"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Orinoco Goose "Neochen jubata"
*Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Brazilian Teal "Amazonetta brasiliensis"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*White-cheeked Pintail "Anas bahamensis"
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
*Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 5 species which occur in Guyana.

*Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
*Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes burrovianus"
*Greater Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes melambrotus"
*King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"

Osprey

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in Guyana.

*Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
*Pearl Kite "Gampsonyx swainsonii"
*White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Slender-billed Kite "Rostrhamus hamatus"
*Double-toothed Kite "Harpagus bidentatus"
*Rufous-thighed Kite "Harpagus diodon"
*Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
*Long-winged Harrier "Circus buffoni"
*Gray-bellied Goshawk "Accipiter poliogaster" (A)
*Tiny Hawk "Accipiter superciliosus"
*Rufous-thighed Hawk "Accipiter erythronemius" (A)
*Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
*Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
*Black-faced Hawk "Leucopternis melanops"
*White Hawk "Leucopternis albicollis"
*Rufous Crab-Hawk "Buteogallus aequinoctialis"
*Common Black-Hawk "Buteogallus anthracinus" (A)
*Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Savanna Hawk "Buteogallus meridionalis"
*Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
*Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
*Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus" (A)
*Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
*White-tailed Hawk "Buteo albicaudatus"
*Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus"
*Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis"
*Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Guyana.

*Black Caracara "Daptrius ater"
*Red-throated Caracara "Ibycter americanus"
*Crested Caracara "Caracara cheriway"
*Yellow-headed Caracara "Milvago chimachima"
*Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
*Lined Forest-Falcon "Micrastur gilvicollis"
*Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon "Micrastur mirandollei"
*Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
*American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius" (A)
*Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Guyana.

*Little Chachalaca "Ortalis motmot"
*Marail Guan "Penelope marail"
*Spix's Guan "Penelope jacquacu"
*Blue-throated Piping-Guan "Pipile cumanensis"
*Crestless Curassow "Mitu tomentosa"
*Black Curassow "Crax alector"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 2 species which occur in Guyana.

*Crested Bobwhite "Colinus cristatus"
*Marbled Wood-Quail "Odontophorus gujanensis"

Hoatzin

Order: OpisthocomiformesFamily: Opisthocomidae

The Hoatzin is pheasant-sized - but much slimmer - long-tailed, long-necked and has a small head. It has an unfeathered blue face with red eyes, and its head is topped by spiky crest. It is a weak flier which is found in te swamps of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

*Hoatzin "Opisthocomus hoazin"

Limpkins

Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"

Trumpeters

Order: GruiformesFamily: Psophiidae

The trumpeters are dumpy birds with long necks and legs, and chicken-like bills. They are named for the trumpeting call of the males. There are 3 species worldwide, restricted to the Amazon basin, and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Gray-winged Trumpeter "Psophia crepitans"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Guyana.

*Speckled Rail "Coturnicops notatus"
*Ocellated Crake "Micropygia schomburgkii"
*Russet-crowned Crake "Anurolimnas viridis"
*Rufous-sided Crake "Laterallus melanophaius"
*Gray-breasted Crake "Laterallus exilis"
*Clapper Rail "Rallus longirostris"
*Rufous-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides axillaris"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
*Uniform Crake "Amaurolimnas concolor"
*Sora "Porzana carolina"
*Ash-throated Crake "Porzana albicollis"
*Yellow-breasted Crake "Porzana flaviventer"
*Paint-billed Crake "Neocrex erythrops"
*Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
*Azure Gallinule "Porphyrio flavirostris"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"

unbittern

Order: GruiformesFamily: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

*Sunbittern "Eurypyga helias"

Jacanas

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Wattled Jacana "Jacana jacana"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Black-necked Stilt "Himantopus mexicanus"

Thick-knees

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Double-striped Thick-knee "Burhinus bistriatus"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Guyana.

*Pied Lapwing "Vanellus cayanus"
*Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis"
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Wilson's Plover "Charadrius wilsonia"
*Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Guyana.

*Wilson's Snipe "Gallinago delicata" (A)
*South American Snipe "Gallinago paraguaiae"
*Giant Snipe "Gallinago undulata"
*Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus"
*Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica" (A)
*Eskimo Curlew "Numenius borealis" (Ex)
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
*Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla"
*Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri"
*Least Sandpiper "Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus" (A)
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis" (A)

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Guyana.

*Great Skua "Stercorarius skua" (A)
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus" (A)

Gulls

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Guyana.

*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus" (A)
*Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla"

Terns

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Guyana.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Sterna maxima" (A)
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Least Tern "Sterna antillarum"
*Yellow-billed Tern "Sterna superciliaris"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Large-billed Tern "Phaetusa simplex"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"

kimmers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Guyana.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
*Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Plumbeous Pigeon "Patagioenas plumbea"
*Ruddy Pigeon "Patagioenas subvinacea"
*Eared Dove "Zenaida auriculata"
*Common Ground-Dove "Columbina passerina"
*Plain-breasted Ground-Dove "Columbina minuta"
*Ruddy Ground-Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
*Blue Ground-Dove "Claravis pretiosa"
*White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
*Gray-fronted Dove "Leptotila rufaxilla"
*Violaceous Quail-Dove "Geotrygon violacea" (A)
*Ruddy Quail-Dove "Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Guyana.

*Blue-and-yellow Macaw "Ara ararauna"
*Scarlet Macaw "Ara macao"
*Red-and-green Macaw "Ara chloroptera"
*Chestnut-fronted Macaw "Ara severa"
*Red-bellied Macaw "Orthopsittaca manilata"
*Red-shouldered Macaw "Diopsittaca nobilis"
*White-eyed Parakeet "Aratinga leucophthalmus"
*Sun Parakeet "Aratinga solstitialis" (A)
*Brown-throated Parakeet "Aratinga pertinax"
*Painted Parakeet "Pyrrhura picta"
*Fiery-shouldered Parakeet "Pyrrhura egregia"
*Green-rumped Parrotlet "Forpus passerinus"
*Dusky-billed Parrotlet "Forpus sclateri"
*Golden-winged Parakeet "Brotogeris chrysopterus"
*Tepui Parrotlet "Nannopsittaca panychlora"
*Lilac-tailed Parrotlet "Touit batavica"
*Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet "Touit huetii"
*Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet "Touit purpurata"
*Black-headed Parrot "Pionites melanocephala"
*Caica Parrot "Pionopsitta caica"
*Blue-headed Parrot "Pionus menstruus"
*Dusky Parrot "Pionus fuscus"
*Blue-cheeked Amazon "Amazona dufresniana"
*Festive Amazon "Amazona festiva" (A)
*Yellow-crowned Amazon "Amazona ochrocephala"
*Orange-winged Amazon "Amazona amazonica"
*Mealy Amazon "Amazona farinosa"
*Red-fan Parrot "Deroptyus accipitrinus"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Guyana.

*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
*Pearly-breasted Cuckoo "Coccyzus euleri"
*Mangrove Cuckoo "Coccyzus minor"
*Dark-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus melacoryphus"
*Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
*Black-bellied Cuckoo "Piaya melanogaster"
*Little Cuckoo "Piaya minuta"
*Greater Ani "Crotophaga major"
*Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
*Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
*Pavonine Cuckoo "Dromococcyx pavoninus"
*Rufous-winged Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus rufipennis"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Guyana.

*Tropical Screech-Owl "Megascops choliba"
*Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl "Megascops watsonii"
*Roraima Screech-Owl "Megascops roraimae" (A)
*Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
*Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata" (A)
*Black-banded Owl "Ciccaba huhula" (A)
*Crested Owl "Lophostrix cristata"
*Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Amazonian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium hardyi"
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia"
*Buff-fronted Owl "Aegolius harrisii"
*Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl "Asio stygius"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"

Oilbird

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Steatornithidae

The Oilbird is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. It is nocturnal and a specialist feeder on the fruit of the Oil palm.

*Oilbird "Steatornis caripensis"

Potoos

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 5 species which occur in Guyana.

*Great Potoo "Nyctibius grandis"
*Long-tailed Potoo "Nyctibius aethereus"
*Common Potoo "Nyctibius griseus"
*White-winged Potoo "Nyctibius leucopterus"
*Rufous Potoo "Nyctibius bracteatus"

Nightjars

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Guyana.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Least Nighthawk "Chordeiles pusillus"
*Lesser Nighthawk "Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Nacunda Nighthawk "Podager nacunda"
*Band-tailed Nighthawk "Nyctiprogne leucopyga"
*Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Rufous Nightjar "Caprimulgus rufus"
*Spot-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus maculicaudus"
*White-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus cayennensis"
*Blackish Nightjar "Caprimulgus nigrescens"
*Ladder-tailed Nightjar "Hydropsalis climacocerca"

wifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Guyana.

*Tepui Swift "Cypseloides phelpsi" (A)
*Black Swift "Cypseloides niger" (A)
*White-chinned Swift "Cypseloides cryptus"
*White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Band-rumped Swift "Chaetura spinicaudus"
*Gray-rumped Swift "Chaetura cinereiventris"
*Chapman's Swift "Chaetura chapmani"
*Short-tailed Swift "Chaetura brachyura"
*White-tipped Swift "Aeronautes montivagus" (A)
*Fork-tailed Palm-Swift "Tachornis squamata"
*Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila cayennensis"

Hummingbirds

Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Guyana.

*Rufous-breasted Hermit "Glaucis hirsuta"
*Eastern Long-tailed Hermit "Phaethornis superciliosus"
*Straight-billed Hermit "Phaethornis bourcieri"
*Sooty-capped Hermit "Phaethornis augusti"
*Streak-throated Hermit "Phaethornis rupurumii"
*Little Hermit "Phaethornis longuemareus"
*Reddish Hermit "Phaethornis ruber"
*Blue-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera johannae"
*Gray-breasted Sabrewing "Campylopterus largipennis"
*Rufous-breasted Sabrewing "Campylopterus hyperythrus" (A)
*White-necked Jacobin "Florisuga mellivora"
*Brown Violet-ear "Colibri delphinae"
*Sparkling Violet-ear "Colibri coruscans"
*Green-throated Mango "Anthracothorax viridigula"
*Black-throated Mango "Anthracothorax nigricollis"
*Fiery-tailed Awlbill "Avocettula recurvirostris"
*Crimson Topaz "Topaza pella"
*Ruby-topaz Hummingbird "Chrysolampis mosquitus"
*Tufted Coquette "Lophornis ornatus"
*Peacock Coquette "Lophornis pavoninus" (A)
*Racket-tailed Coquette "Discosura longicauda"
*Blue-chinned Sapphire "Chlorostilbon notatus"
*Blue-tailed Emerald "Chlorostilbon mellisugus"
*Fork-tailed Woodnymph "Thalurania furcata"
*Rufous-throated Sapphire "Hylocharis sapphirina"
*White-chinned Sapphire "Hylocharis cyanus"
*White-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus guainumbi"
*Green-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus theresiae"
*Plain-bellied Emerald "Agyrtria leucogaster"
*Versicolored Emerald "Agyrtria versicolor" (A)
*White-chested Emerald "Agyrtria brevirostris"
*Glittering-throated Emerald "Polyerata fimbriata"
*Copper-tailed Hummingbird "Saucerottia cupreicauda"
*Velvet-browed Brilliant "Heliodoxa xanthogonys" (A)
*Black-eared Fairy "Heliothryx aurita"
*Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
*Amethyst Woodstar "Calliphlox amethystina"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Guyana.

*White-tailed Trogon "Trogon viridis"
*Violaceous Trogon "Trogon violaceus"
*Collared Trogon "Trogon collaris"
*Masked Trogon "Trogon personatus" (A)
*Black-throated Trogon "Trogon rufus"
*Black-tailed Trogon "Trogon melanurus"

Kingfishers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Guyana.

*Belted Kingfisher "Ceryle alcyon" (A)
*Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
*Green-and-rufous Kingfisher "Chloroceryle inda"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea"

Motmots

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"

Jacamars

Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 7 species that occur in Guyana.

*Brown Jacamar "Brachygalba lugubris"
*Yellow-billed Jacamar "Galbula albirostris"
*Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"
*Green-tailed Jacamar "Galbula galbula"
*Bronzy Jacamar "Galbula leucogastra"
*Paradise Jacamar "Galbula dea"
*Great Jacamar "Jacamerops aureus"

Puffbirds

Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 8 species which occur in Guyana.

*White-necked Puffbird "Notharchus macrorhynchos"
*Pied Puffbird "Notharchus tectus"
*Spotted Puffbird "Bucco tamatia"
*Collared Puffbird "Bucco capensis"
*White-chested Puffbird "Malacoptila fusca"
*Rusty-breasted Nunlet "Nonnula rubecula"
*Black Nunbird "Monasa atra"
*Swallow-wing "Chelidoptera tenebrosa"

Barbets

Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Black-spotted Barbet "Capito niger"

Toucans

Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Guyana.

*Chestnut-tipped Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus derbianus"
*Green Aracari "Pteroglossus viridis"
*Black-necked Aracari "Pteroglossus aracari"
*Tawny-tufted Toucanet "Selenidera nattereri"
*Guianan Toucanet "Selenidera culik"
*Channel-billed Toucan "Ramphastos vitellinus"
*Red-billed Toucan "Ramphastos tucanus"
*Toco Toucan "Ramphastos toco" (A)

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Guyana.

*Golden-spangled Piculet "Picumnus exilis"
*White-bellied Piculet "Picumnus spilogaster"
*Guianan Piculet "Picumnus minutissimus" (E)
*White-barred Piculet "Picumnus cirratus"
*Yellow-tufted Woodpecker "Melanerpes cruentatus"
*Red-crowned Woodpecker "Melanerpes rubricapillus" (A)
*Little Woodpecker "Veniliornis passerinus"
*Blood-colored Woodpecker "Veniliornis sanguineus"
*Golden-collared Woodpecker "Veniliornis cassini"
*Yellow-throated Woodpecker "Piculus flavigula"
*Golden-green Woodpecker "Piculus chrysochloros"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
*Spot-breasted Woodpecker "Colaptes punctigula"
*Waved Woodpecker "Celeus undatus"
*Chestnut Woodpecker "Celeus elegans"
*Cream-colored Woodpecker "Celeus flavus"
*Ringed Woodpecker "Celeus torquatus"
*Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
*Red-necked Woodpecker "Campephilus rubricollis"
*Crimson-crested Woodpecker "Campephilus melanoleucos"

Ovenbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Guyana.

*Pale-legged Hornero "Furnarius leucopus"
*Hoary-throated Spinetail "Synallaxis kollari"
*Pale-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albescens"
*MacConnell's Spinetail "Synallaxis macconnelli"
*Plain-crowned Spinetail "Synallaxis gujanensis"
*Ruddy Spinetail "Synallaxis rutilans"
*Tepui Spinetail "Cranioleuca demissa" (A)
*Rusty-backed Spinetail "Cranioleuca vulpina" (A)
*Yellow-chinned Spinetail "Certhiaxis cinnamomea"
*Roraiman Barbtail "Roraimia adusta" (A)
*Rufous-tailed Xenops "Xenops milleri"
*Slender-billed Xenops "Xenops tenuirostris"
*Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
*Point-tailed Palmcreeper "Berlepschia rikeri"
*Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor erythrocercus"
*Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner "Philydor ruficaudatus"
*Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor pyrrhodes"
*Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rufipileatus"
*Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner "Automolus ochrolaemus"
*Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner "Automolus infuscatus"
*Ruddy Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rubiginosus"
*Short-billed Leaftosser "Sclerurus rufigularis"
*Tawny-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus mexicanus"
*Black-tailed Leaftosser "Sclerurus caudacutus"

Woodcreepers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Guyana.

*Plain-brown Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla fuliginosa"
*White-chinned Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla merula"
*Long-tailed Woodcreeper "Deconychura longicauda"
*Spot-throated Woodcreeper "Deconychura stictolaema"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Wedge-billed Woodcreeper "Glyphorynchus spirurus"
*Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper "Dendrexetastes rufigula"
*Red-billed Woodcreeper "Hylexetastes perrotii"
*Strong-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
*Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes certhia"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Striped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus obsoletus"
*Buff-throated Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus guttatus"
*Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus pardalotus"
*Straight-billed Woodcreeper "Dendroplex picus"
*Streak-headed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes souleyetii" (A)
*Lineated Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes albolineatus"
*Curve-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus procurvoides"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 49 species which occur in Guyana.

*Fasciated Antshrike "Cymbilaimus lineatus"
*Black-throated Antshrike "Frederickena viridis"
*Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
*Black-crested Antshrike "Sakesphorus canadensis"
*Band-tailed Antshrike "Sakesphorus melanothorax" (A)
*Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Mouse-colored Antshrike "Thamnophilus murinus"
*Northern Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus punctatus"
*Amazonian Antshrike "Thamnophilus amazonicus"
*Spot-winged Antshrike "Pygiptila stellaris"
*Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
*Dusky-throated Antshrike "Thamnomanes ardesiacus"
*Cinereous Antshrike "Thamnomanes caesius"
*Pygmy Antwren "Myrmotherula brachyura"
*Guianan Antwren "Myrmotherula surinamensis"
*Rufous-bellied Antwren "Myrmotherula guttata"
*Brown-bellied Antwren "Myrmotherula gutturalis"
*White-flanked Antwren "Myrmotherula axillaris"
*Long-winged Antwren "Myrmotherula longipennis"
*Plain-winged Antwren "Myrmotherula behni" (A)
*Gray Antwren "Myrmotherula menetriesii"
*Spot-tailed Antwren "Herpsilochmus sticturus"
*Todd's Antwren "Herpsilochmus stictocephalus"
*Roraiman Antwren "Herpsilochmus roraimae"
*Rufous-winged Antwren "Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus"
*Dot-winged Antwren "Microrhopias quixensis"
*White-fringed Antwren "Formicivora grisea"
*Rufous-rumped Antwren "Terenura callinota"
*Ash-winged Antwren "Terenura spodioptila"
*Gray Antbird "Cercomacra cinerascens"
*Dusky Antbird "Cercomacra tyrannina"
*Willis's Antbird "Cercomacra laeta"
*Blackish Antbird "Cercomacra nigrescens"
*Rio Branco Antbird "Cercomacra carbonaria"
*White-browed Antbird "Myrmoborus leucophrys"
*Warbling Antbird "Hypocnemis cantator"
*Black-chinned Antbird "Hypocnemoides melanopogon"
*Silvered Antbird "Sclateria naevia"
*Black-headed Antbird "Percnostola rufifrons"
*Spot-winged Antbird "Percnostola leucostigma"
*Roraiman Antbird "Percnostola saturata"
*White-bellied Antbird "Myrmeciza longipes"
*Ferruginous-backed Antbird "Myrmeciza ferruginea"
*Black-throated Antbird "Myrmeciza atrothorax"
*White-plumed Antbird "Pithys albifrons"
*Rufous-throated Antbird "Gymnopithys rufigula"
*Wing-banded Antbird "Myrmornis torquata"
*Spot-backed Antbird "Hylophylax naevia"
*Scale-backed Antbird "Hylophylax poecilinota"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Guyana.

*Rufous-capped Antthrush "Formicarius colma"
*Black-faced Antthrush "Formicarius analis"
*Short-tailed Antthrush "Chamaeza campanisona"
*Variegated Antpitta "Grallaria varia"
*Spotted Antpitta "Hylopezus macularius"
*Thrush-like Antpitta "Myrmothera campanisona"
*Slate-crowned Antpitta "Grallaricula nana"

Gnateaters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Chestnut-belted Gnateater "Conopophaga aurita"

Cotingas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Guyana

*Sharpbill "Oxyruncus cristatus"
*Guianan Red-Cotinga "Phoenicircus carnifex"
*Red-banded Fruiteater "Pipreola whitelyi" (A)
*Dusky Purpletuft "Iodopleura fusca"
*Screaming Piha "Lipaugus vociferans"
*Rose-collared Piha "Lipaugus streptophorus" (A)
*Purple-breasted Cotinga "Cotinga cotinga"
*Spangled Cotinga "Cotinga cayana"
*Pompadour Cotinga "Xipholena punicea"
*Bare-necked Fruitcrow "Gymnoderus foetidus"
*Crimson Fruitcrow "Haematoderus militaris"
*Purple-throated Fruitcrow "Querula purpurata"
*Red-ruffed Fruitcrow "Pyroderus scutatus"
*Amazonian Umbrellabird "Cephalopterus ornatus" (A)
*Capuchinbird "Perissocephalus tricolor"
*White Bellbird "Procnias alba"
*Bearded Bellbird "Procnias averano" (A)
*Guianan Cock-of-the-rock "Rupicola rupicola"

Manakins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Guyana.

*Olive Manakin "Chloropipo uniformis" (A)
*White-bearded Manakin "Manacus manacus"
*White-throated Manakin "Corapipo gutturalis"
*Blue-backed Manakin "Chiroxiphia pareola"
*Crimson-hooded Manakin "Pipra aureola" (A)
*White-crowned Manakin "Dixiphia pipra"
*Golden-headed Manakin "Pipra erythrocephala"
*Scarlet-horned Manakin "Pipra cornuta" (A)
*Tepui Manakin "Lepidothrix suavissima"
*White-fronted Manakin "Lepidothrix serena"
*Western Striped Manakin "Machaeropterus striolatus"
*Black Manakin "Xenopipo atronitens"
*Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin "Neopelma chrysocephalum"
*Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin "Neopelma pallescens"
*Tiny Tyrant-Manakin "Tyranneutes virescens"
*Wing-barred Piprites "Piprites chloris"
*Thrush-like Schiffornis "Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 103 species which occur in Guyana.

*White-lored Tyrannulet "Ornithion inerme"
*Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet "Camptostoma obsoletum"
*Mouse-colored Tyrannulet "Phaeomyias murina"
*Yellow Tyrannulet "Capsiempis flaveola"
*Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet "Tyrannulus elatus"
*Forest Elaenia "Myiopagis gaimardii"
*Gray Elaenia "Myiopagis caniceps"
*Yellow-crowned Elaenia "Myiopagis flavivertex"
*Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
*Small-billed Elaenia "Elaenia parvirostris"
*Plain-crested Elaenia "Elaenia cristata"
*Rufous-crowned Elaenia "Elaenia ruficeps"
*Lesser Elaenia "Elaenia chiriquensis"
*Sierran Elaenia "Elaenia pallatangae"
*Ochre-bellied Flycatcher "Mionectes oleagineus"
*MacConnell's Flycatcher "Mionectes macconnelli"
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Olive-green Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes virescens"
*Sooty-headed Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias griseiceps"
*Slender-footed Tyrannulet "Zimmerius gracilipes"
*Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus obscurior"
*Northern Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus arenarum"
*Pale-tipped Tyrannulet "Inezia caudata"
*Bearded Tachuri "Polystictus pectoralis"
*Crested Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx sclateri" (A)
*Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis ecaudatus"
*Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus vitiosus"
*Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus galeatus"
*Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant "Atalotriccus pilaris"
*Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus russatus" (A)
*Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus sylvia"
*Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus josephinae"
*White-eyed Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus zosterops"
*Common Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum cinereum"
*Spotted Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum maculatum"
*Painted Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum pictum"
*Ringed Antpipit "Corythopis torquata"
*Rufous-tailed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon ruficauda"
*Olivaceous Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus olivaceus"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens" (A)
*Yellow-margined Flycatcher "Tolmomyias assimilis"
*Gray-crowned Flycatcher "Tolmomyias poliocephalus"
*Yellow-breasted Flycatcher "Tolmomyias flaviventris"
*Cinnamon-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus saturatus"
*Golden-crowned Spadebill "Platyrinchus coronatus"
*White-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus mystaceus" (A)
*White-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus platyrhynchos"
*Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus coronatus"
*Roraiman Flycatcher "Myiophobus roraimae" (A)
*Bran-colored Flycatcher "Myiophobus fasciatus"
*Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher "Terenotriccus erythrurus"
*Whiskered Flycatcher "Myiobius barbatus"
*Cinnamon Tyrant "Neopipo cinnamomea"
*Cliff Flycatcher "Hirundinea ferruginea"
*Fuscous Flycatcher "Cnemotriccus fuscatus"
*Euler's Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus euleri"
*Olive-sided Flycatcher "Contopus cooperi"
*Smoke-colored Pewee "Contopus fumigatus" (A)
*Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
*Blackish Pewee "Contopus nigrescens"
*Vermilion Flycatcher "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Drab Water-Tyrant "Ochthornis littoralis"
*Amazonian Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilocercus"
*Rufous-tailed Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilurus"
*Pied Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola pica"
*White-headed Marsh-Tyrant "Arundinicola leucocephala"
*Long-tailed Tyrant "Colonia colonus"
*Cinnamon Attila "Attila cinnamomeus"
*Bright-rumped Attila "Attila spadiceus"
*Cinereous Mourner "Laniocera hypopyrra"
*Sirystes "Sirystes sibilator"
*Grayish Mourner "Rhytipterna simplex"
*Pale-bellied Mourner "Rhytipterna immunda"
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Swainson's Flycatcher "Myiarchus swainsoni"
*Short-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus ferox"
*Brown-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*Lesser Kiskadee "Philohydor lictor"
*Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
*Rusty-margined Flycatcher "Myiozetetes cayanensis"
*Dusky-chested Flycatcher "Myiozetetes luteiventris"
*Yellow-throated Flycatcher "Conopias parva"
*Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
*Variegated Flycatcher "Empidonomus varius"
*Crowned Slaty Flycatcher "Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus"
*Sulphury Flycatcher "Tyrannopsis sulphurea"
*White-throated Kingbird "Tyrannus albogularis"
*Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Gray Kingbird "Tyrannus dominicensis"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
*White-naped Xenopsaris "Xenopsaris albinucha"
*Green-backed Becard "Pachyramphus viridis" (A)
*White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Black-capped Becard "Pachyramphus marginatus"
*Glossy-backed Becard "Pachyramphus surinamus"
*Cinereous Becard "Pachyramphus rufus"
*Pink-throated Becard "Pachyramphus minor"
*Black-tailed Tityra "Tityra cayana"
*Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Guyana.

*Brown-chested Martin "Progne tapera"
*Purple Martin "Progne subis"
*Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
*Tree Swallow "Tachycineta bicolor" (A)
*White-winged Swallow "Tachycineta albiventer"
*Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
*White-banded Swallow "Atticora fasciata"
*Black-collared Swallow "Atticora melanoleuca"
*White-thighed Swallow "Neochelidon tibialis"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota" (A)
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Yellowish Pipit "Anthus lutescens"

Wrens

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 10 species which occur in Guyana.

*Black-capped Donacobius "Donacobius atricapilla"
*Bicolored Wren "Campylorhynchus griseus"
*Coraya Wren "Thryothorus coraya"
*Buff-breasted Wren "Thryothorus leucotis"
*Tepui Wren "Troglodytes rufulus"
*Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"
*White-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucosticta"
*Flutist Wren "Microcerculus ustulatus" (A)
*Wing-banded Wren "Microcerculus bambla"
*Musician Wren "Cyphorhinus aradus"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Tropical Mockingbird "Mimus gilvus"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Guyana.

*Rufous-brown Solitaire "Cichlopsis leucogenys" (A)
*Veery "Catharus fuscescens"
*Gray-cheeked Thrush "Catharus minimus"
*Pale-eyed Thrush "Platycichla leucops" (A)
*Yellow-legged Thrush "Platycichla flavipes"
*Black-hooded Thrush "Turdus olivater" (A)
*Pale-breasted Thrush "Turdus leucomelas"
*Black-billed Thrush "Turdus ignobilis"
*Cocoa Thrush "Turdus fumigatus"
*Bare-eyed Thrush "Turdus nudigenis"
*White-necked Thrush "Turdus albicollis"

Gnatcatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Guyana.

*Collared Gnatwren "Microbates collaris"
*Long-billed Gnatwren "Ramphocaenus melanurus"
*Guianan Gnatcatcher "Polioptila guianensis"
*Tropical Gnatcatcher "Polioptila plumbea"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Guyana.

*Violaceous Jay "Cyanocorax violaceus" (A)
*Cayenne Jay "Cyanocorax cayanus"

Vireos

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Guyana.

*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
*Black-whiskered Vireo "Vireo altiloquus"
*Lemon-chested Greenlet "Hylophilus thoracicus"
*Ashy-headed Greenlet "Hylophilus pectoralis"
*Tepui Greenlet "Hylophilus sclateri"
*Buff-cheeked Greenlet "Hylophilus muscicapinus"
*Tawny-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
*Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius leucotis"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Guyana.

*Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
*Yellow Warbler "Dendroica petechia"
*Blackburnian Warbler "Dendroica fusca" (A)
*Bay-breasted Warbler "Dendroica castanea" (A)
*Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata"
*American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Prothonotary Warbler "Protonotaria citrea"
*Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Masked Yellowthroat "Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
*Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus" (A)
*Tepui Redstart "Myioborus castaneocapillus" (A)
*Two-banded Warbler "Basileuterus bivittatus" (A)
*Golden-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus culicivorus"
*Flavescent Warbler "Basileuterus flaveolus"
*Neotropical River Warbler "Basileuterus rivularis"
*Rose-breasted Chat "Granatellus pelzelni"

Bananaquit

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"

Tanagers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 51 species which occur in Guyana.

*Chestnut-vented Conebill "Conirostrum speciosum"
*Bicolored Conebill "Conirostrum bicolor"
*Black-faced Tanager "Schistochlamys melanopis"
*Magpie Tanager "Cissopis leveriana"
*Red-billed Pied Tanager "Lamprospiza melanoleuca"
*Guira Tanager "Hemithraupis guira"
*Yellow-backed Tanager "Hemithraupis flavicollis"
*Hooded Tanager "Nemosia pileata"
*Olive-backed Tanager "Mitrospingus oleagineus" (A)
*Gray-headed Tanager "Eucometis penicillata"
*Fulvous Shrike-Tanager "Lanio fulvus"
*Flame-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus cristatus"
*Fulvous-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus surinamus"
*White-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus luctuosus"
*White-lined Tanager "Tachyphonus rufus"
*Red-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus phoenicius"
*Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
*Scarlet Tanager "Piranga olivacea" (A)
*Summer Tanager "Piranga rubra"
*White-winged Tanager "Piranga leucoptera"
*Silver-beaked Tanager "Ramphocelus carbo"
*Blue-gray Tanager "Thraupis episcopus"
*Palm Tanager "Thraupis palmarum"
*Blue-backed Tanager "Cyanicterus cyanicterus"
*Plumbeous Euphonia "Euphonia plumbea"
*Purple-throated Euphonia "Euphonia chlorotica"
*Finsch's Euphonia "Euphonia finschi"
*Violaceous Euphonia "Euphonia violacea"
*Golden-rumped Euphonia "Euphonia cyanocephala"
*White-lored Euphonia "Euphonia chrysopasta"
*White-vented Euphonia "Euphonia minuta"
*Orange-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia xanthogaster" (A)
*Golden-sided Euphonia "Euphonia cayennensis"
*Blue-naped Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia cyanea"
*Turquoise Tanager "Tangara mexicana"
*Paradise Tanager "Tangara chilensis"
*Yellow-bellied Tanager "Tangara xanthogastra" (A)
*Spotted Tanager "Tangara punctata"
*Dotted Tanager "Tangara varia"
*Bay-headed Tanager "Tangara gyrola"
*Burnished-buff Tanager "Tangara cayana"
*Masked Tanager "Tangara nigrocincta" (A)
*Black-headed Tanager "Tangara cyanoptera" (A)
*Opal-rumped Tanager "Tangara velia"
*Black-faced Dacnis "Dacnis lineata"
*Blue Dacnis "Dacnis cayana"
*Green Honeycreeper "Chlorophanes spiza"
*Short-billed Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes nitidus"
*Purple Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes caeruleus"
*Red-legged Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes cyaneus"
*Swallow-Tanager "Tersina viridis"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 26 species which occur in Guyana.

*Red-crested Finch "Coryphospingus cucullatus" (A)
*Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
*Slate-colored Seedeater "Sporophila schistacea" (A)
*Plumbeous Seedeater "Sporophila plumbea"
*Gray Seedeater "Sporophila intermedia"
*Wing-barred Seedeater "Sporophila americana"
*Lesson's Seedeater "Sporophila bouvronides"
*Lined Seedeater "Sporophila lineola"
*Yellow-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila nigricollis"
*Ruddy-breasted Seedeater "Sporophila minuta"
*Chestnut-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila castaneiventris"
*Large-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus crassirostris"
*Great-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus maximiliani" (A)
*Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus angolensis"
*White-naped Seedeater "Dolospingus fringilloides" (A)
*Sooty Grassquit "Tiaris fuliginosa" (A)
*Slaty Finch "Haplospiza rustica" (A)
*Saffron Finch "Sicalis flaveola" (A)
*Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola"
*Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch "Sicalis citrina" (A)
*Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch "Emberizoides herbicola"
*Red-capped Cardinal "Paroaria gularis"
*Tepui Brush-Finch "Atlapetes personatus" (A)
*Pectoral Sparrow "Arremon taciturnus"
*Grassland Sparrow "Ammodramus humeralis"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Guyana.

*Red-and-black Grosbeak "Periporphyrus erythromelas"
*Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
*Buff-throated Saltator "Saltator maximus"
*Slate-colored Grosbeak "Saltator grossus"
*Yellow-green Grosbeak "Caryothraustes canadensis"
*Blue-black Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa cyanoides"
*Dickcissel "Spiza americana" (A)

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Guyana.

*Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus" (A)
*Yellow-hooded Blackbird "Chrysomus icterocephalus"
*Red-breasted Blackbird "Sturnella militaris"
*Eastern Meadowlark "Sturnella magna"
*Carib Grackle "Quiscalus lugubris"
*Shiny Cowbird "Molothrus bonariensis"
*Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Moriche Oriole "Icterus chrysocephalus"
*Epaulet Oriole "Icterus cayanensis"
*Yellow Oriole "Icterus nigrogularis"
*Venezuelan Troupial "Icterus icterus"
*Yellow-rumped Cacique "Cacicus cela"
*Red-rumped Cacique "Cacicus haemorrhous"
*Crested Oropendola "Psarocolius decumanus"
*Green Oropendola "Psarocolius viridis"
*Oriole Blackbird "Gymnomystax mexicanus" (Ex)
*Velvet-fronted Grackle "Lampropsar tanagrinus"
*Golden-tufted Grackle "Macroagelaius imthurni" (A)
*Orange-backed Troupial "Icterus croconotus"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Guyana.

*Hooded Siskin "Carduelis magellanica" (A)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region

References

*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url = http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=gy&pg=checklist&list=clements
title = Checklist of birds of Guyana
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880


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