- Dâmboviţa River
name =Dâmboviţa River
image_size = 300
image_caption = The Dâmboviţa River in Măneşti,
country_type = Countries
district_type = Counties
city_type = Villages
Municipality of Bucharest,
city = Podu Dâmboviţei,
length = 286
Junction of headwaters Valea Vladului and Boarcăşu
tributary_left = Valea Vladului,
Valea lui Aron,
Valea lui Stanciu,
Valea lui Ivan,
Pârâul lui Coman,
tributary_right = Boarcăşu,
Colţii lui Andrei,
Valea lui Aron,
free = X.1.25
free_type = Official River Code
The Dâmboviţa River is a river in
Romania. It starts at the junction of headwaters Valea Vladului and Boarcăşu, having its source in the Făgăraş Mountains, and flowing southward. It passes through Bucharestand flows into the Argeş River258 kilometres from its source, near Budeşti, in Călăraşi County. Dâmboviţa Countyis named after the river.
Dâmboviţa in Bucharest
For centuries, Dâmboviţa River was the main source of drinking water for the city of Bucharest. While there were a few dozen
water wells, most of the water in Bucharest was distributed by water-carriers. Ionescu p. 28-29]
Bucharest folkore mentions the waters of Dâmboviţa as "sweet", and even at the beginning of the 18th century,
Anton Maria del Chiaroconsidered it "light and clean". However, toward the end of the century, as the population of Bucharest increased, the river ceased to be as clean, and hence the need of the aqueducts. The earliest aqueducts with public fountains ("cişmele") were built during the rule of Prince Alexander Ypsilantis.
watermills were built on the Dâmboviţa, most of them owned by the prince, the monasteries or boyars.
Dâmboviţa used to have two tributaries in Bucharest:
* Dâmbovicioara, on the right bank, which probably flowed in what is the area where "Sfiinţii Apostoli" street is located.
* Bucureştioara, which rose from a pond located in what is now
Additionally, there was a branch, "Gârliţa", which formed an island, "Ostrovu".
The Dâmboviţa often flooded Bucharest, especially the lower left bank, which was lower. After the great 1775 flood, Ypsilantis ordered a branch canal to be built, in order to prevent, or at least diminish the effects of such flooding; in 1813, Prince
Jean Georges Caradjadecided to clean up the river bed. The portion of the river flowing through the capital was channelled twice: in 1883 (to combat regular floods), and in the late 1970s, to aid in the replanning of the Central area and the construction of the Bucharest Metro.
Dâmboviţa has never been
navigable, but there has been an unsuccessful attempt in 1902 to introduce boats on the river. [Georgescu et al., p.392]
Early in its history, Bucharest had few bridges over the Dâmboviţa, as the right bank was only sparsely populated. The estates of some
boyars used to extend on both banks of the river and they had footbridges. [Ionescu, p. 29-30] Currently, there are about a dozen bridges over Dâmboviţa River in Bucharest.
The river flows through the following communes, towns and cities:
Malu cu Flori
*Ştefan Ionescu, "Bucureştii în vremea fanarioţilor", Editura Dacia, Cluj, 1974. p.28-30
*Florian Georgescu et al. "Istoria Oraşului Bucureşti", Muzeul de Istorie a Oraşului Bucureşti, 1965.
* Trasee turistice - judeţul Argeş [http://www.e-calauza.ro/index.php?afiseaza=trasee-turistice-arges]
* Trasee turistice - judeţul Dâmboviţa [http://www.e-calauza.ro/index.php?afiseaza=trasee-turistice-dambovita]
* Trasee turistice - judeţul Ilfov [http://www.e-calauza.ro/index.php?afiseaza=trasee-turistice-ilfov]
* Harta Judeţul Argeş [http://www.harta-turistica.ro/map.php?ID=27&harta=Judetul%20Arges]
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