Breton National Party

Breton National Party


The PNB formed in the aftermath of split between federalists and nationalists within the Breton Autonomist Party (PAB), following the Congress of Guingamp in August 1931. Following the collapse of the PAB, the federalists led by Morvan Marchal formed the "Breton Federalist League", the nationalist faction, led by Olier Mordrel, decided to found a new party with a clearly nationalist agenda, namely seeking Breton independence from France.

This revived the programme of the previous Breton Nationalist Party, which had existed from 1911-1914. A congress was held in Landerneau on December 27, 1931. The following year, activists led by Célestin Lainé bombed a sculpture in Rennes representing Breton unity with France. The creation of this sculpture had spurred the foundation of the earlier party in 1911.

The party was influenced by international Celticist ideas, and modelled its aspirations on Irish independence movements. It was also closely associated with fascist ideology. Because of its connections with Nazi Germany the party was banned in France on the outbreak of World War II in 1939, but after the defeat of France it was revived, becoming closely associated with Breton collaborationism. An explicitly Nazi faction broke away in 1941 under the name Breton Social-National Workers' Movement.

During its existence, the PNB published a newspaper, "L'Heure Bretonne".

ee also

*Breton nationalism and World War II

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Breton Nationalist Party — The Breton Nationalist Party ( Parti nationaliste breton , or PNB) was a French political party that advocated independence for Brittany. It existed from 1911 to 1914. OriginsIt was founded in October 1911 under the patronage of a committee of… …   Wikipedia

  • Breton Autonomist Party — The Breton Autonomist Party (Parti Autonomiste Breton, or PAB) was a political party which existed in Brittany from 1927 to 1931 Origin The party was created at the first congress of the nationalist journal Breiz Atao in Rosporden on September… …   Wikipedia

  • National Party — or Nationalist Party may refer to: Active parties Nation Party  Australia National Party of Australia   …   Wikipedia

  • Breton National Committee — The Breton National Committee (Comité national breton, or CNB) was a Breton nationalist body founded on July 3 1940 at the so called Congress of Pontivy , headed by François Debeauvais and Olier Mordrel. It was designed to promote Breton… …   Wikipedia

  • National Party — In zahlreichen Ländern der Welt gibt es politische Parteien mit der Bezeichnung Nationale Partei, Nationalpartei oder Nationalistische Partei, die Nationalismus bzw. Nationalpatriotismus als zentralen Inhalt des Parteiprogramms führen. Obwohl… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Breton Social-National Workers' Movement — The Breton Social National Workers Movement (French: Mouvement Ouvrier Social National Breton) was a nationalist, separatist, and Fascist movement founded in 1941 by Théophile Jeusset. It emerged in Brittany from a deviationist faction of the …   Wikipedia

  • Breton nationalism and World War II — Before and during World War II some leading Breton nationalists were associated with anti French and even pro Nazi positions. The extent of and motivation for these affiliations has been a matter of historical controversy. Situation before World… …   Wikipedia

  • Breton Federalist League — The Breton Federalist League (la Ligue fédéraliste de Bretagne) was a short lived Breton political party in the 1930s. A new organization with the same name was created in the 21st century. OriginAt its congress on April 11, 1931, the Breton… …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands — Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland Leader Anton Mussert (1931 1945) …   Wikipedia

  • National Fascist Party — Partito Nazionale Fascista Historic Leader Benito Mussolini …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.