Java Sparrow


Java Sparrow

Taxobox
name = Java Sparrow
status= VU
status_system = iucn2.3


regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Estrildidae
genus = "Padda"
species = "P. oryzivora"
binomial = "Padda oryzivora"
binomial_authority = Linnaeus, 1758

The Java Sparrow, "Padda oryzivora" also known as Java Finch or Java Rice Bird is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. It is a popular cagebird, and has been introduced in a large number of other countries.

Habitat

The Java Sparrow is a very gregarious bird which feeds mainly on grain and other seeds. It frequents open grassland and cultivation, and was formerly a pest in rice fields, hence its scientific name. The nest is constructed in a tree or building, and up to eight eggs are laid.

Characteristics

The Java Sparrow is 17cm in length. The adult is unmistakable, with its grey upperparts and breast, pink belly, white-cheeked black head, red eye-ring, pink feet and thick red bill.

Both sexes are similar, but immature birds have brown upperparts and paler brown underparts and cheeks. The rest of their head is dark grey rather than black, and the bill is grey with a pink base.

The call is a "chip", and the song is a rapid series of call notes "chipchipchipchipchipchip".

Threats

The Java sparrow is considered to be a serious agricultural pest of rice. Due to ongoing habitat loss and hunting in some areas, the Java Sparrow is now uncommon in its native range. It is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is vulnerable
* "Finches and Sparrows" by Clement, Harris and Davis, ISBN 0-7136-8017-2

External links

* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=8734&m=0 BirdLife Species Factsheet]
* [http://www.redlist.org/search/details.php?species=15869 IUCN Red List]
* [http://www.rdb.or.id/detailbird.php?id=277 Red Data Book]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Java sparrow — Java Ja va (j[aum] v[.a]), n. 1. One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands. [1913 Webster] 2. Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java. [1913 Webster] 3. (Computers) [all capitals] an object oriented computer …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Java sparrow — n. a white, pink, and gray SE Asian passerine finch (Padda oryzivora, family Estrildidae) widely kept as a cage bird …   English World dictionary

  • Java sparrow — javinis ryžinukas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Padda oryzivora angl. Java sparrow vok. Reisfink, m; Reisvogel, m rus. рисовка, f; серая рисовка, f pranc. padda de Java, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ryžinukai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Java sparrow — a finchlike weaverbird, Padda oryzivora, of southeastern Asia, having gray plumage tinged with pink on the belly, often kept as a cage bird. Also called Java finch. [1860 65] * * * ▪ bird also called  Ricebird   (species Padda oryzivora), bird of …   Universalium

  • Java sparrow — noun A species of finch Padda oryzivora, native of Java, but very commonly kept as a cage bird. Syn: Lonchura, oryzivora, ricebird, paddy bird …   Wiktionary

  • Java sparrow — noun a waxbill with a large red bill and black and white head, native to Java and Bali and popular as a cage bird. [Padda oryzivora.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • Java sparrow — Ja′va spar′row n. orn a gray and red finch, Padda oryzivora, of the waxbill family, resident on Java and Bali and widely introduced elsewhere • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • Java sparrow — /ˈdʒavə spæroʊ/ (say jahvuh sparoh) noun a small grey bird, Lonchura oryzivora, with a large red beak, black head and white cheeks, native to Bali and Java, and widely introduced elsewhere, as Christmas Island, Hawaii, Fiji, Puerto Rico, India,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Java sparrow — n. small grayish bird found in southeastern Asia who looks like a finch …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Java sparrow — n. a finch, Padda oryzivora …   Useful english dictionary