- El Paso County, Colorado
Infobox U.S. County
county = El Paso County
state = Colorado
map size = 200
founded date = November 1
founded year = 1861
seat wl = Colorado Springs | largest city wl = Colorado Springs
area percentage = 0.15%
census yr = 2000
pop = 516929
UTC offset = -7
DST offset = -6
Most populous Colorado county
web = www.elpasoco.com
named for =
Spanish languagename for Ute Pass|
El Paso County is the second most populous of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado of the
United Statesbehind Denver County. The United States Census Bureauestimates that the county population was 587,272 in 2007, a 13.61% increase since U.S. Census 2000.cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2007-01-08.csv | title = Annual County Population Estimates and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CO-EST2007-alldata) | format = CSV | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = United States Census Bureau, Population Division | date = 2007-03-22| accessdate = 2007-05-08] The county seatis Colorado Springs, the second most populous city in Colorado. The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Areacomprises El Paso County and Teller County.
El Paso County is located in
Colorado's 5th congressional district. Since its creation in 1871, El Paso County has voted for the Republican presidential candidate in every presidential election.
In 2004, the voters of Colorado Springs and El Paso County established the
Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority( [http://www.pprta.com PPRTA] ) and adopted a 1% sales tax dedicated to improving the region's transportation infrastructure. Together with state funding for COSMIX (2007 completion) and the I-25 interchange with Highway 16 (2008 completion), significant progress has been made since 2003 in addressing the transportation needs of the area.
In July 1858, gold was discovered along the
South Platte Riverin Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory. This discovery precipitated the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Many residents of the mining region felt disconnected from the remote territorial governments of Kansas and Nebraska, so they voted to form their own Territory of Jeffersonon 1859-10-24. The following month, the Jefferson Territorial Legislature organized 12 counties for the new territory including El Paso County. El Paso County was named for the Spanish languagename for Ute Passnorth of Pikes Peak. Colorado City served as the county seatof El Paso County.
The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, but on
1861-02-28, U.S. President James Buchanansigned an act organizing the Territory of Colorado.cite web|url=http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/territory.pdf|title=An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado|format= Thirty-sixth United States Congress|date= 1861-02-28|accessdate=2007-11-26] El Paso County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature on November 1, 1861. Part of its western territory was broken off to create Teller County in 1899. Originally based in Old Colorado City (now part of Colorado Springs, not today's Colorado City between Pueblo and Walsenburg), El Paso County's county seat was moved to Colorado Springs in 1873.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,130 square miles (5,516 km²), of which 2,126 square miles (5,507 km²) is land and 3 square miles (8 km²)(0.15%) is water.
* Douglas County,
* Elbert County,
Colorado- north and east
* Lincoln County,
* Crowley County,
* Pueblo County,
* Fremont County,
* Teller County,
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 516,929 people, 192,409 households, and 133,916 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 243 people per square mile (94/km²). There were 202,428 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 6.51% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 4.70% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. 11.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 192,409 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 32.50% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,844, and the median income for a family was $53,995. Males had a median income of $35,940 versus $26,252 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $22,005. About 5.70% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.
El Paso County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners. Its current members are Wayne Williams,
Douglas Bruce, Sallie Clark, Dennis Hisey, and Jim Bensberg.
El Paso County commissioners are expecting a projected $7.5 million shortfall in the 2008 budget. [http://www.gazette.com/articles/county_23274___article.html/million_services.html] Douglas Bruce is no longer a county commisioner. He was replaced by Amy Lathen.
Cities and Towns
Census-Designated Places and Unincorporated Areas
United States Air Force Academy
North American Aerospace Defense Command
Peterson Air Force Base
Schriever Air Force Base
Cheyenne Mountain State Park
Pike National Forest
Pikes Peak National Historic Landmark
*USAFA Cadet Area National Historic District
American Discovery Trail
Barr National Recreation Trail
White House Ranch National Recreation Trail
* [http://www.elpasoco.com El Paso County Government website]
* [http://www.stanwyck.com/cogenweb/cocounties.html Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck]
* [http://www.coloradohistory.org/ Colorado Historical Society]
El Paso County, Jefferson Territory
Colorado census statistical areas
Colorado metropolitan areas
Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area
Front Range Urban Corridor
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