The first recorded use of cerulean as a color name in English was in 1590. The word is probably derived from the Latin word caeruleus, "dark blue, blue or blue-green", which in turn probably derives from caelulum, diminutive of caelum, "heaven, sky".
Use in artistic painting
In classical times, cerulean was used to describe blue pigments, particularly mixtures of copper and cobaltous oxides. These early attempts to create sky blue colors were often less than satisfactory due to greenish hues and lack of permanence. When the pigment cerulean blue (shown in the color box to the right) was invented, it largely superseded all these prior pigments. See also Tekhelet.
Cerulean blue pigment
Discovered in 1805 by Andreas Höpfner, the pigment originally referred to as cerulean blue (or corruleum blue) was first marketed in 1860 as "coeruleum" by George Rowney of the United Kingdom. The primary chemical constituent of the pigment is cobalt(II) stannate.
It is particularly valuable for artistic painting of skies because of the purity of the blue (specifically the lack of greenish hues), its permanence (no other blue pigments retained color as well), and its opaqueness.
Today, cobalt chromate is sometimes marketed under the cerulean blue name but is darker and greener (Rex Art color index PB 36) than the cobalt stannate version (color index PB 35). The chromate makes excellent turquoise colors and is identified by Rex Art and some other manufacturers as "cobalt turquoise".
Other variations of cerulean
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #98B4D4 RGBB (r, g, b) (152, 180, 212) HSV (h, s, v) (212°, 28%, 83%) Source PerBang.dk B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #1DACD6 RGBB (r, g, b) (29, 172, 214) HSV (h, s, v) (209°, 94%, 49%) Source Crayola B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
This bright tone of cerulean is the color called cerulean by Crayola crayons.
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #6D9BC3 RGBB (r, g, b) (109, 155, 195) HSV (h, s, v) (208°, 44%, 77%) Source Crayola B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
At right is displayed the color cerulean frost.
Cerulean in nature
- Cerulean Cuckoo-shrike
- Cerulean Kingfisher
- Caerulean Paradise-flycatcher
- Cerulean Warbler
- Cerulean-capped Manakin
Cerulean in human culture
- The United States Navy Blue Angels aerobatics team wears uniforms that are a rich bright tone of cerulean.
- In The Devil Wears Prada, Miranda Priesly (Meryl Streep) makes a reference to a cerulean colored sweater, and other high fashion clothes items in Cerulean.
- Cerulean Sins is the eleventh book in the Anita Blake: Vampire Hunter series by Laurell K. Hamilton.
- Cerulean is the album title for the September 10, 1991 music release by the band The Ocean Blue.
- Cerulean is the favorite color of singer Panic!at the disco frontman Brendon Urie.
- Cerulean cyan fluorescent protein is a mutant of green fluorescent protein.
- Repetition of the words "cerulean blue" is a method the "Pusher" villain uses at the beginning of the eponymous X-Files episode 17 season 3 in order to lull his victims to do what he wants.
- Azul the Cerulean is the blue-haired 33 year-old final recruit of the Tsviets in Dirge of Cerberus: Final Fantasy VII.
- Cerulean City is one of the pivotal locations in the game and anime Pokémon and is home to the Water Pokémon Gym in Kanto.
Shades of blue
- ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Cerulean: Page 89 Plate 33 Color Sample E6
- ^ Cerulean, Online Etymology Dictionary
- ^ Cerulean blue (overview), Pigments of the Ages, Webexhibits.org
- ^ History of Cerulean blue, Pigments of the Ages, Webexhibits.org
- ^ Material Name: cerulean blue, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- ^ Pigments: Historical, Chemical, and Artistic Importance of Coloring Agents, JcSparks.com
- ^ Blue Artist's Pigments, PaintMaking.com
- ^ blue watercolors, handprint.com (this is a cross-reference of colors grouped by color index)
- ^ a b "Pantone press release (1999)--Cerulean blue: the color of the New Millennium":
- ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #6D9BC3 (Cerulean Frost):
- ^ 2004 Photo of Navy Blue Angels aerobatic team
Air Force blue Alice blue Azure Baby blue Bleu de France Blue Bondi blue Brandeis blue Cambridge Blue Carolina blue Celeste Cerulean Cobalt blue Columbia blue Cornflower blue Cyan Dark blue Deep sky blue Dodger blue Duke blue Egyptian blue Electric blue Eton blue Federal blue Glaucous Electric indigo International Klein Blue Iris Light blue Majorelle Blue Maya blue Midnight blue Navy blue Non-photo blue Palatinate blue Periwinkle Persian blue Phthalo blue Powder blue Prussian blue Royal blue Sapphire Sky blue Steel blue Teal Tiffany Blue True Blue Tufts Blue Turquoise UCLA Blue Ultramarine Yale Blue The samples shown above are only indicative.Shades of cyan Alice blue Aqua Aquamarine Celeste Cerulean Cyan Electric blue Jungle green Magic mint Mint Persian green Pine green Robin egg blue Sea green Skobeloff Tiffany Blue Teal Turquoise The samples shown above are only indicative.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Cerulean — Ce*ru le*an, a. [L. caeruleus.] Sky colored; blue; azure. Cowper. [1913 Webster] Blue, blue, as if that sky let fall [1913 Webster] A flower from its cerulean wall. Bryant. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cerulean — 1660s, from L. caeruleus blue, dark blue, blue green, perhaps dissimilated from caelulum, dim. of caelum heaven, sky, of uncertain origin (see CELESTIAL (Cf. celestial)). The Latin word was applied by Roman authors to the sky, the Mediterranean,… … Etymology dictionary
cerulean — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ deep blue in colour like a clear sky. ORIGIN Latin caeruleus, from caelum sky … English terms dictionary
cerulean — [sə ro͞o′lē ən] adj. [L caeruleus; prob. < caelulum, dim. of caelum, heaven: for IE base see CESIUM] sky blue; azure … English World dictionary
cerulean — adj. Cerulean is used with these nouns: ↑blue, ↑sky … Collocations dictionary
cerulean — ce|ru|le|an [sıˈru:liən] n also ce.rulean blue [U] literary [Date: 1600 1700; : Latin; Origin: caeruleus dark blue , probably from caelum; CELESTIAL] a deep blue colour like a clear sky >cerulean adj … Dictionary of contemporary English
cerulean — adjective Etymology: Latin caeruleus dark blue Date: 1662 resembling the blue of the sky … New Collegiate Dictionary
cerulean — n. [L. caeruleus, sky blue] Azure or sky blue … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
cerulean — /seuh rooh lee euhn/, adj., n. 1. deep blue; sky blue; azure. 2. Heraldry. a sky blue tincture, used esp. on the Continent. [1660 70; < L caerule(us) dark blue, azure (akin to caelum sky) + AN] * * * … Universalium
cerulean — 1. noun /səˈɹuːliən/ A deep blue colour, like the sky on a fine day. 2. adjective /səˈɹuːliən/ Of a deep blue colour, like the sky on a fine day … Wiktionary