Miami Gardens, Florida


Miami Gardens, Florida
City of Miami Gardens, Florida
—  City  —

Seal
Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida.
Coordinates: 25°56′31.64″N 80°16′11.71″W / 25.9421222°N 80.2699194°W / 25.9421222; -80.2699194Coordinates: 25°56′31.64″N 80°16′11.71″W / 25.9421222°N 80.2699194°W / 25.9421222; -80.2699194
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Miami-Dade
Incorporated May 13, 2003
Government
 - Mayor Shirley Gibson
Area
 - Land 20 sq mi (51.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 - City 107,167
 - Density 5,878.4/sq mi (2,057.25/km2)
 Metro 5,564,635
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 305
FIPS code 12-45050[2]
GNIS feature ID 0286754[3]
Website http://www.miamigardens-fl.gov/

Miami Gardens is a Miami suburban city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The city name comes from one of the major roadways through the area, Miami Gardens Drive. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the newly created city had a population of 107,167, and it is the largest city in Florida that has a majority of black American population.

Contents

History

In the wake of the construction of I-95 in the late 1960s, many middle and upper income African American and West Indian American families migrated from Miami neighborhoods such as Liberty City to what became Miami Gardens (then called "Norland" or "Norwood") as restrictive covenants fell into disuse and mostly lower income blacks moved to the inner city neighborhoods surrounding Liberty Square and Edison Courts.

Miami Gardens was incorporated on May 13, 2003[4]. The city's neighborhoods of neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Norland, Opa-Locka North, and Scott Lake were previously unincorporated areas within Miami-Dade County.

In 2007, Mayor Shirley Gibson said that the city would no longer allow any low income housing developments; many residents blamed the developments for spreading crime and recreational drugs throughout the city. Around that time the city's tax revenues dropped to being the third lowest in Miami-Dade County.[5]

Demographics

The city was incorporated in 2003 but many of the CDPs comprising the current city of Miami Gardens were only partially incorporated. They now make up the neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Norwood, Opa-Locka North, and Scott Lake. For more in-depth demographic data on these neighborhoods, their U.S. Census 2000 is available.

As of the 2010, the population was 107,167 and there were 34,284 households, 6.0% of which were vacant. As of 2003, there were 23,661 families residing in the city.

Miami Gardens Demographics
2010 Census Miami Gardens Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 107,167 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 N/A +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 5,878.4/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 18.3% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 2.6% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 76.3% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 22.0% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 0.6% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.2% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.2% 2.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.4% 3.2% 3.6%

As of 2007, the age distribution was 7.25% under the age of 5, 8.8% from 5 to 9, 9.7% from 10 to 14, 16.9% from 15 to 24, and 13.2% 25 to 34, 14.3% 35 to 44, 12.5% 45 to 54, 8.7% 55 to 64 and 8.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The population is 47% male and 53% female. Family households made up 95.6%, while 4.4% were non-family households. The average household size was 3.39 members, and the city covered 20 square miles.[6]

Bunche Park and Carol City had high percentages of various ethnic groups, such as African-Americans and black residents, Bahamians, British West Indians, Colombians, Cubans, Dominicans, Haitians, Jamaicans and Nicaraguans.[7][8]

Community centers

Miami Gardens is home to the Miami Dolphins, who play in Sun Life Stadium on land that was part of the Lake Lucerne CDP. Sun Life Stadium also hosts the annual Orange Bowl college football game and is the home field for the University of Miami Hurricanes football team. Calder Race Course is also located in the city. The Antioch Mission Baptist Church of Carol City is a megachurch with over 7,500 members, active in the community.[9]

Government

Miami Gardens is governed by a seven member City Council. Members include Shirley Gibson (mayor since 2003), and six Council members, four of whom are elected from districts and two who are elected city wide. The Mayor recommends, and the City Council hires, the City Manager, City Attorney and the City Clerk. The City Manager, Danny O. Crew, is responsible for the day-to-day management of all City employees and the City's $116 million annual budget. The City Manager is assisted in his duties by three Assistant City Managers. Currently the City has 530 FTE employees. On December 16, 2007, the City initiated its own police department fielding 156 sworn officers and 40 civilian staff. Previously, the City had contracted with Miami-Dade County for patrol services.

Education

Public schools

Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Miami Gardens. Miami Norland High School and Miami Carol City High School are located in Miami Gardens.

Colleges and universities

St. Thomas University and Florida Memorial University are in Miami Gardens.

Public libraries

Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the North Dade Regional Library. The library opened in September 1979.[10]

Surrounding areas

References

External links



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