Barley wine


Barley wine

Barley wine or Barleywine is a style of strong ale originating in England in the nineteenth century (derived from the March or October beers of the 18th century) but now brewed worldwide. The first beer to be marketed as Barley Wine was Bass No. 1 Ale, around 1900. The term "barley wine" had been used before in other contexts [cite book|title=The new family receipt book|first=M.E.|last=Rundell] , for example in translations of Xenophon's "Anabasis" [cite book|title=The Whole Works of Xenophon (1832)|last=Xenophon] .

Characteristics

A barley wine typically reaches an alcohol strength of 8 to 12% by volume and is brewed from specific gravities as high as 1.120. It is called a "barley wine" because it can be as strong as wine; but since it is made from grain rather than fruit, it is in fact a beer. In the United States, barley wines are required for this reason to be called "barley wine-style ales." Though this could be taken by some to imply that they are not truly barley wines; in fact it only means that they, like all barley wines, are not truly wines.

Its natural sweetness is usually balanced with a degree of hoppy bitterness, though traditional English barley wines often have far less bitterness than their American counterparts.

This beer is meant for slow sipping and savouring of its fruity, high-alcohol and well-aged character. It is brewed often to celebrate events and the high levels of both hops and alcohol allow some barley wines to be aged for years, much like wines.

Most barley wines range in colour from amber to deep reddish-browns. Though until the introduction of Whitbread Gold Label in the 1950s, British barley wines were always dark in colour.

The late Michael Jackson referred to a barley wine by Smithwick's. He said: "This is very distinctive, with an earthy hoppiness, a wineyness, lots of fruit and toffee flavours." He also noted that its original gravity is 1.062. [ [http://www.beerhunter.com/documents/19133-000028.html "Brewery with its own abbey - it must be Ireland"] FEB 1, 1993]

tyle statistics

*Original gravities: 1.090-1.120
*Alcohol: 8.5-12 percent
*Bitterness: 50-100 IBU (International Bitterness Units)
*Color: 24-48 EBC (European Brewery Convention)

Examples

Canada

* Olde Deuteronomy from Alley Kat Brewing Company
* Solstice d'été from Dieu du Ciel
* St-Ambroise Vintage Ale from McAuslan Brewing Company
* Burlywine from Half Pints Brewing Company

Ireland

* Smithwick's Barley Wine from Diageo

United Kingdom

* Bass No 1 Barley Wine from White Shield Brewery (brewed occasionally)
* Elizabethan Ale from Harvey & Son
* Gold Label from Whitbread
* Golden Pride from Fuller's
* Old Nick from Young's
* Thomas Hardy's Ale from O'Hanlon's, Devon
* Headcracker from Woodforde's Norfolk Ales, Norfolk
* JW Lees's Vintage Harvest

New Zealand

* Enigma from The Twisted Hop

weden

* Nils Oscar Barley Wine from Nils Oscar Bryggeri och Bränneri

United States

* Old Guardian from Stone Brewing Company
* Monster Ale from Brooklyn Brewery
* Old Horizontal from Victory Brewing Company
* Olde School from Dogfish Head Brewery
* Old Ruffian from Great Divide Brewing Company
* Bigfoot Ale from Sierra Nevada Brewing Company
* Old Crustacean from Rogue Ales
* Old Foghorn from Anchor Brewing Company

ee also

*Old ale

References

External links

* [http://www.camra.org.uk/page.aspx?o=180684 CAMRA (Campaign for Real Ale) description of Barley Wine]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barley wine — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barley Wine — im Glas Barley Wine ist eine sehr starke Alesorte, mit mindestens 7 % Alkoholgehalt, allerdings auch teilweise mit bis zu 13 %, sowie hoher Stammwürze. Der Name leitet sich vom Wein (englisch: Wine) ab, da der Alkoholgehalt eher dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barley Wine — es el modo con el que se califican a ciertas cervezas inglesas, debido a su especial fuerza. Pueden alcanzar una graduación alcohólica del 12% del volumen. Su dulzor natural se equilibra generalmente con un grado de amargura de lúpulo. En algunas …   Wikipedia Español

  • barley wine — n [U] BrE a type of very strong beer …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • barley wine — noun : an ale of more than average strength * * * noun [noncount] : a kind of strong ale * * * ˌbarley ˈwine 7 [barley wine] noun uncountable a strong English beer …   Useful english dictionary

  • barley wine — n [U] (esp BrE) a type of strong beer. * * * …   Universalium

  • Barley Wine — A ciertas cervezas inglesas se las llama a menudo vinos de la cebada, debido a su especial fuerza. Pueden alcanzar una graduación alcohólica del 12% del volumen. Su dulzor natural se equilibra generalmente con un grado de amargura de lúpulo. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • barley wine — type of English beer that is slightly sweet and very strong …   English contemporary dictionary

  • barley wine — noun a strong English ale …   English new terms dictionary

  • barley wine — noun (U) BrE a kind of very strong beer …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English


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