Elp culture

Elp culture

The Elp culture (ca. 1800 to 800 BC) [According to the Dutch "Het Archeologisch Basisregister (ABR), versie 1.0 november 1992" [http://www.racm.nl/content/documenten%5Cabr%20website.pdf] , Elp Kümmerkeramik is dated BRONSMA (early MBA) to BRONSL (LBA), standardized by "De Rijksdienst voor Archeologie, Cultuurlandschap en Monumenten (RACM)" to a period starting at 1800 BC and ending at 800 BC.] is a Bronze Age archaeological culture of the Netherlands having earthenware pottery of low quality known as "Kümmerkeramik" (also "Grobkeramik") as a marker. The initial phase is characterized by tumuli (1800-1200 BC), strongly tied to contemporary tumuli in Northern Germany and Scandinavia, and apparently related to the Tumulus culture (1600 BC - 1200 BC) in Central Europe. This phase was followed by a subsequent change featuring Urnfield (cremation) burial customs (1200-800 BC).

Part of the "Nordwestblock", it is situated to the north and east of the Rhine and the IJssel (named after the village of Elp at coord|52|53|N|6|39|E|), bordering the Hilversum culture to the south and the Hoogkarspel culture in West Friesland that, together with Elp, all derive from the Barbed Wire Beakers culture (2100 BC - 1800 BC) and, forming a culture complex at the boundary between the Atlantic and the Nordic horizons.

First the dead were buried in shallow pits and covered by a low barrow. At the end of the bronze age they were cremated and the urns were gathered in low barrows. Family burials occurred only in the later stages.

The culture is known for featuring the longhouse, housing people and animals in one and the same building. This construction shows an exceptional local continuity until the twentieth century, still being the normal type of farm in the lowlands of north-western Europe and the Netherlands. The local tradition of concentrating on raising cattle was persisted by the Saxons and the Frisians, whose houses were perched on the natural hillocks in the moist planes, while all other Germanic people practiced sedentary agriculture. [The Germanic Invasions - Lucien Musset,1965, Presses Universitaires de France, translated 1975, ISBN 1-56619-326-5, p14] Going back to the roots of this tradition, it is generally assumed that its origins lay somewhere in the Bronze Age, between 1800 and 1500 BC. Probably this change was contemporary to a transition from the two-aisled to the three-aisled farm as early as 1800 BC. This development bears comparison with what we know from Scandinavia, where the three-aisled house also develops at the same time. [The longhouse as a central element in Bronze Age daily life - H. Fokkens, Faculty of Archaeology Leiden University, 2002 [http://www.archeologie.leidenuniv.nl/content_docs/harry/the_bronze_age_house.pdf] ]

Within the Northern Bronze Age context, many important reasons are mentioned to the custom of storing cattle inside a building and, moreover, inside the proper house. This could point to a new emphasis on milk production and making cheese, especially since drinking milk was made possible by a gene against lactose intolerance, first to emerge amongst neolithic Northern European populations [University College London (UCL) - Early European unable to stomach milk [http://www.ucl.ac.uk/media/library/milktolerance] ] . Cattle stalling was necessary to avoid cows giving less milk in cold conditions (Sherratt, 1983; Zimermann, 1999, 314; Olausson 1999, 321). Social exchange and a role in the supernatural would have been important as well (Fokkens 1999), supported by, for instance, stacks of cowhides in graves and the offerings of animals attested in both Sweden and Denmark (Rasmussen 1999: 287). Protection against cattle raids would fit the circumstances – proven by grave goods, rock engravings and hoards - of a strong martial ideology in this era (Fokkens 1999).

The culture came to an end with the advent of the Hallstatt culture.


ee also

*Atlantic Bronze Age
*Urnfield culture
*Jastorf culture

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ELP — or Elp may refer to:In music: * Emerson, Lake Palmer, an English rock group (see also Emerson, Lake Powell) * El P, an American hip hop artist and producerIn organizations: * European Left Party, a political party at European level * ELP… …   Wikipedia

  • Elp — Dutch town locator maps mun town caption = The town centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Elp in the municipality of Midden Drenthe.Elp (coord|52|53|N|6|39|E|type:city(264)) is a town in the Dutch province of Drenthe.… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture d'Unétice — La culture d Unétice est un groupe du Bronze ancien d Europe centrale (vers 2300 av. J. C. – vers 1600 av. J. C.). Sommaire 1 Chronologie et caractéristiques 2 Mode de vie 3 Le monde à l époque de la Culture d Unétice …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture des catacombes — La culture des catacombes, entre 2800 et 2200 av. J. C., désigne une culture de l âge du bronze ancien qui occupait essentiellement ce qui constitue aujourd hui l Ukraine, elle succède à la culture du Dniepr moyen. Elle avait des liens avec la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture d'Andronovo — Les cultures indo iraniennes selon l’Encyclopedia of Indo European Culture, 1997. La culture d’Andronovo s’étend sur un large territoire en Sibérie méridionale, jusqu’au bassin de l’Amou Daria au sud, et d’est en ouest entre les chaînes de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture lusacienne — L extention de la culture lusacienne (en vert) La culture lusacienne est une culture préhistorique qui doit son nom à la Lusace, région géographique du nord est de l’Allemagne, aux confins de la Pologne (Silésie) et de la République tchèque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Deverel-Rimbury culture — Bronze Age This box: view · talk · edit ↑ Chalcolithic …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Netherlands — This article is part of a series Early History …   Wikipedia

  • Frisians — Infobox Ethnic group group=Frisians caption=Historical Frisian settlement area poptime=1,500,000 (est.)Fact|date=February 2007 popplace=Frisia (comprising parts of The Netherlands, Germany) rels= Indigenously Germanic paganism, later Medieval… …   Wikipedia

  • Nordwestblock — The Nordwestblock (English: North West Block ), is a hypothetical cultural region, that several 20th century scholars propose as a prehistoric culture, thought to be roughly bounded by the rivers Meuse, Elbe, Somme and Oise (the present day… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.