Jewish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War

Jewish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War

Many Jewish people were active in Socialist and Communist organisations in the period between the two World Wars [Karin Hofmeester and Lee Mitzman, "Jewish Workers and the Labour Movement", 2004] . They were highly represented in the International Brigades and numbered "about fifty per cent among the Americans of the International Brigades [Cecil Eby, "Comrades and Commissars", p 179] . Other estimates put the figure at "ten per cent" ["Thomas" (2001), p. 577n3] .

The leadership of the International Brigades considered forming an entirely Jewish brigade [Zaagsma, p 17] but the high casualties made this impossible. However, a Jewish company, the Naftali Botwin Company was formed within the Palafox Battalion.

Origin of Jewish volunteers in the International Brigades



*George Nathan - Chief of Staff XV International Brigade
*Milton Wolff - commander Lincoln Battalion
*Fernando Gerassi
*Albert "Yank" Levy
*Henryk Torunczyk - commander Naftali Botwin Company
*Manfred Stern alias General Emilio Kléber.
*Saul Wellman - political commissar Lincoln Battalion and Washington Battalion [ [ Obituary Metro Times, Detroit] ]
*Carlo Rosselli - headed the Matteotti Battalion
*Jack Shulman - American activist
*Valter Roman - Romanian politician
*Abe Osheroff - American activist
*Alfred Kantorowicz - Banned German writer (also known as "Helmuth Campe")
*Kurt Julius Goldstein - International Brigader, Holocaust survivor, author.
*Lou Kenton British potter
*Alfred Sherman - British journalist and adviser to Margaret Thatcher
*Gershon Dua-Bogen

Books, sources, links and footnotes

* [ 300 German and Austrian brigadists in French internment camp on]
* [ AJEX: Jews in the Spanish Civil War]
* [ Saul Wellman Archive]
* [ Gerben Zaagsma Jewish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War]
* [ Lenni Brenner "Zionism in the Age of the Dictators"]
*Hugh Thomas "The Spanish Civil War", 2001.
*Cecil Eby, "Comrades and Commissars", 2006.
*Albert Prago, "Jews in the International Brigades in Spain, 1979.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foreign involvement in the Spanish Civil War — Bronze plaque honoring the British soldiers of the International Brigades who died defending the Spanish Republic at the monument on Hill 705, Serra de Pàndols. The Spanish Civil War had large numbers of non Spanish citizens participating in… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish Civil War — Spanish Civil War …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish resistance during the Holocaust — The Jewish resistance during the Holocaust was the resistance of the Jewish people against Nazi Germany leading up to and through World War II. Due to the careful organization and overwhelming military might of the Nazi German State and its… …   Wikipedia

  • International reactions to the 2006 Lebanon War — Reactions by the UN and national representativesflag|United NationsThe top UN official in Lebanon said Hezbollah’s action escalates the already tense situation along the Blue Line and is an act of very dangerous proportions, in a statement. Kofi… …   Wikipedia

  • North Yemen Civil War — Yemen Civil War and Yemeni Civil War redirect here. For other uses, see Yemen Civil War (disambiguation). North Yemen Civil War Part of the Cold War …   Wikipedia

  • American Civil War — American Civil War …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish left — The term Jewish left describes Jews who identify with or support left wing, occasionally liberal causes, consciously as Jews, either as individuals or through organizations. There is no one organization or movement which constitutes the Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • The Fall (novel) — infobox Book | name = The Fall title orig = La Chute translator = Justin O Brien image caption = Vintage International s 1991 reissue of Justin O Brien s translation of The Fall . author = Albert Camus illustrator = cover artist = country =… …   Wikipedia

  • The Holocaust — Holocaust and Shoah redirect here. For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). Selection on …   Wikipedia

  • Foreign volunteers — The armed forces of many nations have, at one time or another, used foreign volunteers who are motivated by political or ideological considerations to join a foreign army. These may be formed into units of a given nationality or may be formed… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.