Prabhākara (ca. 7th c. AD) was an Indian philosopher grammarian in the Mimamsa tradition. His views and his debate with IAST|Kumārila Bhaṭṭa led to the Prābhāhara school within Mimamsa.

Commentaries on Prabhakara have been written by Shalikanatha in the 8th c.Fact|date=May 2007

entence vs Word meaning

One of the views of the prābhākaras is that words do not directly designate meaning; any meaning that arises is because it is connected withother words ("anvitābhidhāna", anvita = connected; abhidhā = denotation). We know or learn the meaning of a word only by considering the sentential context n which it appears; we learn such word meanings together with their possible) semantic connections with other words. Sentence meanings are grasped directly, from perceptual and contextual cues, skipping the stage of grasping singly the individual word meanings (Matilal 1990:108).

This is very similar to the modern view of linguistic underspecification, and relates to the Dynamic Turn in Semantics, which opposes the purely compositional view of arriving at sentence meaning.

The prābhākaras were opposed by the IAST|Bhāṭṭas, who argued for a compositional view of semantics (called "abhihitānvaya"). In this view, the meaning of a sentence was understood only after understanding first the meanings of individual words. Words were independent, complete objects, a view that is close to the Fodorian view of language.


*cite book
author = Bimal Krishna Matilal
title = The word and the world: India's contribution to the study of language
publisher = Oxford
year = 1990

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mavelikkara Prabhakara Varma — (1928–2008) was an Indian carnatic singer.[1] and teacher who descended from the royal family of Mavelikkara, Kerala. Biography He was born in 1928 as the second son of Chandraprabha Thamburatty (daughter of the great scholar A. R. Raja Raja… …   Wikipedia

  • vy-āsa-prabhākara — व्यासप्रभाकर …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Indian philosophy — Any of the numerous philosophical systems developed on the Indian subcontinent, including both orthodox (astika) systems, namely, the Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa, and Vedanta schools of philosophy, and unorthodox (nastika) systems …   Universalium

  • Mimāṃsā — Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Purva Mimamsa — Mimamsa (Sanskrit: Erörterung), auch Mimansa, gehört zu den sechs klassischen Systemen der Indischen Philosophie. Sie gehört zu den brahmanischen Systemen, die den Veda als höchste Autorität anerkennen und den Sinn der heiligen Worte erörtern.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mimamsa — IAST|Mīmāṃsā, a Sanskrit word meaning investigation (compare Greek ), is the name of an astika ( orthodox ) school of Hindu philosophy whose primary enquiry is into the nature of dharma based on close hermeneutics of the Vedas. Its core tenets… …   Wikipedia

  • Hastamalakacharya — (IAST IAST|Hastāmalakācārya ) (B.C. 5th century CE) was a disciple of Adi Shankara, the Advaita philosopher. He was made the first Jagadguru ( head ) of the Sharada matha (Both Sringeri Math and Dwaraka Math bear the name Sharada Math , so… …   Wikipedia

  • МИМАНСА —         (санскр., букв. размышление, исследование, т. е. решение проблемы через критич. исследование оснований), одна из шести осн. ортодоксальных школ др. инд. философии, опирающаяся на авторитет Вед. Внутри М. обычно различают пурва М., теснее… …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Mimamsa — /mee mahm sah/, n. Hinduism. a school of philosophy formed originally to explain the Vedas. [1780 90; < Skt mimamsa inquiry, examination] * * * Probably the earliest of the six orthodox systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. Mimamsa is… …   Universalium

  • Narayana Guru — Part of a …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.