- Cabbage roll
A cabbage roll (also stuffed cabbage) is a dish consisting of cooked
cabbageleaves wrapped around a variety of fillings. It is common to the peasant cuisines of Europe and Western Asia, and has also found popularity in areas of North Americasettled by Eastern Europeans.
The filling is traditionally based around
meat, often beef, lamb or porkand is seasoned with garlic, onionand spices. Grains such as riceand barley, eggs, mushrooms and vegetablesare often included in the filling as well. Pickled cabbage leaves are often used for wrapping, particularly in Southeastern Europe. As only the largest leaves can be used, small pieces of cabbages are often mixed into the stuffing and sauce. As the dish originated as a way to use leftover food, other ingredients may also be used in the stuffing.
Cabbage leaves are stuffed with the filling which are then baked, simmered or steamed in a covered pot and generally eaten warm, often accompanied with a
sauce. The sauce varies widely by cuisine. In Finland and Sweden, stuffed cabbage is often served with bittersweet lingonberry jam. In Eastern Europe, tomato-based sauces or plain sour cream are typical. In Lebanon it is a popular plate, where the cabbage is stuffed with rice and minced meat and served with a side of yogurt.
Ukrainian-Canadiancabbage rolls can be made from either pickled or parboiled cabbage leaves depending on the cook's preference; pickled whole cabbage is readily available in most supermarkets on the Prairies. Fillings generally contain rice and meat, but other recipes call for cooked kashaand chopped wild mushrooms or, more recently, meat-free combinations of whole grains and root vegetables. Some modern recipes call for tofuor textured vegetable proteininstead of meat. The finished rolls may be simmered in thinned tomato juice, beef stock, vegetable stock, or even miso broth. [Ukrainian Daughters Cookbook. Ukrainian Women's Association of Canada, Daughters of Ukraine Branch. Regina: Centax of Canada, 1984. ISBN 0919845134.]
*"Töltött káposzta" - Hungary [June Meyers Authentic Hungarian Heirloon Recipes Cookbook]
*"Balandėliai" (little pigeons) - Lithuania
*"Golubtsy" - Russia
*"Halubcy" - Belarus
*"Holishkes" - Ashkenazi Jewish
*"Chou farci" - France
*"Holubki" - Czech Republic and Slovakia
*"Holubtsi" - Ukraine
*"Kåldolmar" - Sweden
*"Kaalikääryle" - Finland
*"Kohlroulade" and "Krautwickel" - Germany and Austria
*"Lahana dolması" - Turkey
*"Lahanodolmades" (Λαχανοντολμάδες) - Greece
*"Malfoof" - Jordan and Syria
*"Rouru kyabetsu" (ロールキャベツ) - Japan
*"Sarma" - the Balkans and Turkey
*"Zeleva Surma (Cabbage Sarma)" - Bulgaria
*"Sarmale" - Romania
*"Mi7sheh Malfoof" - LebanonSimilar Food
Dolma, a similar dish generally made with grapeleaves instead of cabbage leaves.
* [http://www.russlandjournal.de/en/recipes/main-dishes/cabbage-rolls-golubtsi.html Golubtsi - Russian recipe with pictures from Russland Journal]
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См. также в других словарях:
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