Hyundai Elantra


Hyundai Elantra

Infobox Automobile generation
name=Hyundai Elantra


name=Hyundai Elantra
manufacturer=Hyundai Motor Company
production=1991–present
predecessor=Hyundai Excel
class=Compact
assembly=Ulsan, Korea
layout=FF layout
successor=Hyundai i30 (Hatchback only)

The Hyundai Elantra (sold in South Korea as the Avante) is a compact car from Hyundai of South Korea launched in 1991.

The Elantra was formerly sold as the "Lantra" and the "Avante" in some Australian and European markets.

This gave rise to disagreement from other motor manufacturers, and the name was standardized as "Elantra" worldwide in 2001.

Between 1996 and 1998, the Elantra was marketed as the Bimantara Cakra (1.5 litre petrol) and the Bimantara Nenggala (1.8 litre petrol) in Indonesia.

The Hyundai Elantra is listed as EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) Picks Ten Most Fuel Efficient Vehicles. The Elantra ranked #2 in 2006 and 2007 in the category of most fuel efficient sedans, and also was ranked as the most efficient non-hybrid mid-sized sedan. [http://marketplace.nwsource.com/nwc/autos/research/fuel_economy/fuel_efficent_sedans.html]

Hyundai Elantra awarded 2008 Consumer Reports "top pick".Hyundai Elantra was among the top 10 vehicles for 2008 unveiled in the magazine's issue. The magazine's annual ratings, based on road tests and predicted safety and reliability are considered highly influential among consumers. [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/23390986/]

Hyundai Elantra earned Consumer Reports' 'excellent' rating in predicted reliability. Hyundai Elantra is Consumer Reports top-ranked 2008 vehicle amongst 19 other compacts and subcompacts. Beating out such high-quality competitors as the Honda Civic, Toyota Corolla and Toyota Prius. [http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/cars/past-road-test/sedans/overview/sedans-ov.htm] [http://usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/cars-trucks/daily-news/080604-Hyundai-Elantra-is-Consumer-Reports-Top-Small-Car/] [http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=126602?imw=Y]

First generation (1991-1995)

Infobox Automobile generation
name=First generation


production=1991-1995
body_style=4-door sedan
aka=Hyundai Lantra
engine=1.6/1.8L 113/124 hp I4
transmission=5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
wheelbase= 98.4 in (2500 mm)
length= 1991-93: 171.6 in (4359 mm)
1994-95: 172.8 in (4390 mm)
width= 1991-93: 65.9 in (1673 mm)
1994-95: 66.1 in (1680 mm)
height= 1991-93: 54.5 in (1371 mm)
1994-95: 52 in (1320 mm)
fuel_capacity= Convert|13.7|usgal|L impgal|0|abbr=on
weight=2522 lb (1144 kg)
Launched in 1991 (1992 in the United States) to compete with the Honda Civic and Toyota Corolla, the Elantra (codename "J1") received a mid-term facelift in 1993. It was originally designed to replace the Hyundai Excel, but the Excel ended up being sold for four seasons until being replaced by the Accent.

The Elantra was powered by a Mitsubishi-designed 1.6 L (1596 cc) straight-4 This DOHC 16-valve 1.6 L unit produced 113 hp (84 kW) at 6000 rpm and could push the Elantra to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 9.5 seconds. The quarter-mile (0.4 km) run took 17.1 seconds and produced 80 mph (129 km/h). Top speed was 116 mph (187 km/h). The Elantra got 22 mpg (10.7 L/100 km) in the city cycle. Starting in 1993 there was also a Mitsubishi-designed 1.8 L (1836 cc) straight-4 engine available the 1.8L unit that produced 124 hp (99 kW) at 6000 rpm.

econd generation (1996–2000)

Infobox Automobile generation
name=Second generation
aka=Hyundai Avante (South Korea)


production=1996–2000
aka=Hyundai Avante(South Korea)
Hyundai Lantra
Bimantara Cakra
Bimantara Nenggala

body_style=4-door station wagon
4-door sedan
transmission=5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
wheelbase=100.4 in (2540 mm)
length=Sedan: 174.0 in (4419 mm)
Wagon: 175.2 in (4450 mm)
width=66.9 in (1676 mm)
height=Sedan: 54.9 in (1371 mm)
1996-97 Wagon: 57.4 in (1458 mm)
1998-2000 Wagon: 58.8 in (1494 mm)
engine=1.8/2.0L 137/140 hp I4 (104 kW)
fuel_capacity=14.5 US gal. (54.8 L)
Launched in 1995, the second generation (codename "J2") was offered as a sedan and station wagon. It was sold in the Korean market as the Avante in sedan form and Avante Touring in station wagon bodystyle.

At launch, a 1.5-litre Alpha DOHC (107 hp) and 1.8-litre Beta DOHC (128 hp) gasoline engine were available on the domestic market. Later, a 1.5-litre lean-burn (98 hp) gasoline engine based on Alpha DOHC engine was added. A mid-life facelift arrived for 1999. The Philippine version, as well as in some European markets, had the 1.6 (1599cc) Beta, which produced 116 hp (86 kW).

In Australia, the station wagon was called the Lantra Sportswagon and was a popular model of Hyundai.

A 2 litre engine option became available near the end of its production run. In Australia the GLS model was an upgrade on the GL model, and supplies 2 litre engine, velour trim, softer cloth seats, and Hyundai's version of mag wheels. Also the GLS had matching paint on rear number plate light holder and side mirrors.

Third generation (2001–2006)

Infobox Automobile generation
name=Third generation
aka=Hyundai Avante XD (South Korea)
Bimantara Cakra


production=2001-2006
body_style=4-door hatchback
4-door sedan
engine=1.6 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.0 L Diesel I4
wheelbase=102.7 in (2590 mm)
length=2004-06 Sedan: 178.1 in (4521 mm)
2004-06 Hatchback: 177.9 in (4495 mm)
2001-03: 177.1 in (4500 mm)
width=Hatchback & 2001-03 Sedan: 67.7 in (1720 mm)
2004-06 Sedan: 67.9 in (1701 mm)
height=56.1 in (1422 mm)
related=Hyundai Tucson
Hyundai Matrix
Kia Spectra
Kia Sportage
transmission=5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
fuel_capacity=14.5 US gal. (54.8 L)
An all-new model (codename "XD") was launched in 2001. The wagon was dropped in favor of a five-door hatchback. Starting in 2001, all American models came with standard front and front side airbags, air conditioning, power locks, power windows and power steering. This simplified dealer inventories and repairs and also sought to improve Hyundai's image of 'value' cars. In 2004, the Elantra received a facelift for all models (codename "XD2"). The facelift gave the Elantra new headlights and taillights, a new grille, new front and rear bumpers, a refreshed hood and trunk, and a refreshed dashboard.

The GLS trim is the standard trim for the Elantra. The top of the line model, the GT trim, came with a stiffer suspension, leather seats, fog lights, alloy wheels, lip spoiler and blue-lit instrument cluster. It was offered as a hatchback since 2001. The only options for the GT trim were an automatic transmission, power moonroof and anti-lock brakes with traction control. The only major option was a Kenwood MP3/CD deck. The GT trim sedan was introduced in 2003 and discontinued in 2005. The GT trim was replaced with the Limited trim for the 2006 model year. The limited trim featured new paint colors, a chrome vertical grille, leather interior with leather steering wheel and leather shifter, and wood trim. The Limited trim did not feature alloy wheels, only steel rims with a 6-spoke cover featured in the GLS model. The GT trim for the five door was produced for the remainder of the 2006 model year.

The Elantra is available with 1.8 and 2.0 L gasoline engines and a 2.0 L turbodiesel. North American models are only available with the 2.0L gasoline engine.

While compact on the outside, it is listed by the EPA as a mid-size car because of a spacious interior. Although the basic powertrain design has changed little since the second generation, successive improvements have improved fuel economy from an EPA rating of 24/33 to 25/33 and the current 27/34 for manual transmissions, with automatic producing 2-3mpg fewer. Horsepower also improved from 135 hp (100 kW) to 138 hp (102 kW) and torque from 132 to 136 mainly thanks to the addition of continuously variable valve timing (CVVT) in 2004. Originally, the horsepower rating was misrepresented as 140 hp (104 kW). In 2006 the Elantra was offered with a SULEV emission rated engine in some U.S. states.

*Hyundai Elantra (2003-2006) performance:

*1.6L DOHC engine 108 hp 0-100 km/h: 11.8 sec., top speed: convert|115|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on MT
*1.6L DOHC engine 107 hp 0-100 km/h: 13.2 sec., top speed: convert|110|mi/h|km/h|-1|abbr=on AT

*2.0L DOHC engine 132 hp 0.100 km/h: 9.1 sec., top speed: convert|127|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on MT
*2.0L DOHC engine 132 hp 0-100 km/h: 10.2 sec., top speed: convert|125|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on AT

Fourth generation (2007 to current)

Infobox Automobile generation
name=Fourth generation
aka=Hyundai Avante (South Korea)
Hyundai i30 (Europe, For Wagon)
Elantra Touring (USDM 5-door)
Hyundai Yuedong (China)


production=2007–
body_style=4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
engine=1.6 L Gamma I4
2.0 L Beta II I4
1.6 L Diesel I4
wheelbase=104.3 in (2641 mm)
Touring: Auto mm|2700|1
length=177.4 in (4495 mm)
Touring: Auto mm|4475|1
width=69.9 in (1752 mm)
Touring: Auto mm|1765|1
height=58.3 in (1473 mm)
Touring: Auto mm|1519|1
related=Hyundai i30
Kia cee'd
transmission=5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
In 2006, a redesigned Elantra sedan (codename "HD") debuted at the New York Auto Show and went on sale late in the fall. The engine lineup includes 1.6 L Gamma and 2.0 L Beta II gasoline engines, and a 1.6 L turbo diesel engine. Only the 2.0 L engine is offered in North America. All engines feature improved fuel economy over previous versions. A five-speed manual transmission is standard and a four-speed automatic is optional. In North America, the base GLS trim, unlike the previous year's, does not include air conditioning as standard equipment, but adds side curtain airbags (previously front and side only), active head restraints and all-disc brakes with 4-channel ABS. The Elantra also offers the most interior room in its class, leading the US EPA to classify it as a mid-size car.

For 2008, the Limited trim level was dropped, leaving GLS and SE as the two remaining trim choices in the U.S. The SE trim includes features not available on the GLS, such as telescopic steering wheel and electronic stability control, with sunroof and leather as options.

A wagon called the "Elantra Touring" will be sold in North America starting in the 2009 model year. This car is sold in other parts of the world as the Hyundai i30 cw.

Canadian trim levels are different from the U.S. models and are as follows.

The base model L offers a base package with a four speaker CD/MP3/Aux stereo and front airbags. This trim also includes power windows in the front with manual windows in the rear. Moving up to the GL will get you heated mirrors, AC, power windows all around, heated seats, a six speaker CD/MP3/Aux stereo, wheel mounted cruise control and keyless entry with alarm. The GLS trim adds wheel mounted audio controls, ABS, disc brakes, and front seat-mounted side-impact and roof-mounted side curtain airbags. The sporty GLS with Sport Package adds a rear spoiler, power tilt/sliding moonroof, 16” alloy wheels, fog lights, trip computer and a leather wrapped steering wheel and leather shifter. The final trim level, the Limited, adds leather seats, a telescopic steering wheel and automatic climate control.

*Hyundai Elantra 2008 performance: [ [http://www.edmunds.com/hyundai/elantra/2008/review.html 2008 Hyundai Elantra Review and Specs ] ]
*1.6L DOHC engine 121 hp 0-62 mph: 10.6 sec., top speed: convert|118|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on MT.
*1.6L DOHC engine 121 hp 0-62 mph: 13.8 sec., top speed: convert|113|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on AT.
*2.0L DOHC engine 138 hp (132 hp in PZEV configuration) 0-62 mph: 8.3 sec., top speed: convert|131|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on MT.
*2.0L DOHC engine 138 hp (132 hp in PZEV configuration) 0-62 mph: 10.1 sec., top speed: convert|127|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on AT.
*1.6L CRDI engine 115 hp 0-62 mph: 10.1 sec., top speed: convert|127|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on AT.

Beach Cruiser concept

Hyundai Motor America announced Kyle "K-Daddy" Gann from K-Daddyz Kustoms designed Elantra Touring 'Beach Cruiser' Concept from an Elantra Touring prototype. [http://www.autoblog.com/2007/10/25/sema-preview-hyundai-elantra-touring-beach-cruiser-concept/] The car was debuted in 2007 SEMA show. [http://www.worldcarfans.com/9071031.009/hyundai-elantra-touring-beach-cruiser-concept-bows-at-sema]

Hybrid electric

Hyundai plans begin producing hybrid electric vehicles in 2009. The Avante will be the first vehicle to be produced. [ [http://www.autonews.com/article/20080618/COPY/331656666/1186/emaildailyANE04 Hyundai plans a hybrid - without Seoul’s help - Automotive News Europe ] ] [http://www.worldcarfans.com/9081003.010/hyundai-sante-fe-blue-hybrid-debuts-in-paris]

Naming disputes

Mitsubishi Motors of Australia complained that Elantra was too close to its Elante trim level, and Lotus (as well as Kia) in the UK and Europe suggested it was too close to its Elan name, and its Kia counterpart. By 2001, both the Elan and the Elante had ceased production but the Avante's renaming remained necessary as Audi owned the Avant name in Europe.

Trivia

An unbadged 3rd generation Hyundai Elantra GT appears in the game Drift City under the name "Advance". [ [http://strategywiki.org/wiki/Drift_City/Car_Stats] ]

See also

* Hyundai Santa Fe Blue Hybrid

References

External links

* [http://www.thenewelantra.com/ Hyundai: Elantra] Official Site
* [http://www.hyundaipedia.com/wiki/Elantra/ Hyundaipedia]
* [http://www.jbcarpages.com/hyundai/elantra/ JB car pages: Hyundai Elantra] Reviews, specs, features, pictures, and safety information.
* [http://www.teamhyundaimalaysia.com/ Team Hyundai Malaysia] Forums and message boards
* [http://www.elantraquebec.com ElantraQuebec] Member galleries, dedicated forums and more.
* [http://www.elantraxd.com ElantraXD] Member galleries, Car of the Month contests, dedicated forums and more.
* [http://www.elantraclub.com ElantraClub] Member galleries, car garages to show off your rides, forums and more.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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