Moskal (Москаль, Moskalik,Moskal’) is a historical term and present day ethnic slur referring to Russians. It is primarily used as a slur in Ukraine, and Belarus.[1][2]


Ethnic slur

Text in Ukrainian: "Thank you God that I am not a Moskal"

Moskal can be a type of ethnic slur with a mild negative connotation.

M.Fartukh "Moskali destroy Kiev", illustration from an 1934 history textbook (referring to the destruction of Kiev in 1169)
  • a historic reference word for Russian, or literally Muscovite (a person from Moscow or Muscovy) to differentiate them from other Eastern Slavs such as people from the White Rus' (Belarusians), the Red Rus' (Galicians), others; used in several Slavic languages: Belarusian, Polish and Ukrainian, today it is considered largely an archaism and an ethnic slur.[3]
  • a soldier of the Russian Imperial Army (later the Soviet Army) in the Ukrainian language. People who were drafted to the Army were known to be taken into moskali (Ukrainian: у москалі). Because most of the Ukrainians after serving in the Army spoke often in Russian after demobilization, the word obtained its negative connotation and was applying to the person who lost his roots as well.[citation needed]

Common Surname

Moskal is a common Central and Eastern European surname.[4]

  • Edward Moskal (1924–2005), president of the Polish American Congress
  • Robert M. Moskal (born 1937), Ukrainian bishop of Parma, Ohio (United States)
  • See also Kazimierz Moskal (disambiguation)

Related surnames


  • a type of European sprat (Latin: Clupeidae Latulus)[5]
  • a type of flax (Latin: Linum usitatissimum)
  • a north-eastern wind in the Eastern Ukraine.[6]
  • (muscal) a driver of horse-drawn cabs (Romanian culture)


  1. ^ Dictionary of the Russian language. D.N.Ushakov, M., 1940
  2. ^ The Merriam-Webster English dictionary
  3. ^ Edyta M. Bojanowska (2007) "Nikolai Gogol: Between Ukrainian And Russian Nationalism" ISBN 0674022912, p. 55: "In the 'low', folksy world of the provincial narrators, a Russian is a moskal ("Muscovite")", a foreigner and an intruder, at best a carpetbagger, at worst a thief in cahoots with the devil."
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Російсько-український академічний словник 1924–33рр. (А. Кримський, С. Єфремов)

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moskal — ist der Name folgender Personen: Kazimierz Moskal (* 1962), polnischer Politiker Robert Mikhail Moskal (* 1937), US amerikanischer Geistlicher, emeritierter Bischof von Saint Josaphat in Parma Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Edward Moskal — (May 21, 1924 March 22, 2005) was the outspoken President of the Polish National Alliance and Polish American Congress. Background Moskal, a former insurance broker and alumnus of Chicago s St. John Cantius School, was born to a Polish immigrant… …   Wikipedia

  • Kazimierz Moskal (footballer) — Kazimierz Moskal Personal information Full name Kazimierz Moskal …   Wikipedia

  • Kazimierz Moskal (politician) — Polish politician infobox name=Kazimierz Moskal years of life=born 1962 function=member of Sejm 2005 2007 party=Prawo i Sprawiedliwość since=September 25, 2005 utlil= successor= predecessor=Kazimierz Moskal (born February 02, 1962 in Żyraków) is… …   Wikipedia

  • Kazimierz Moskal — may refer to :*Kazimierz Moskal (footballer), Polish footballer *Kazimierz Moskal (politician), Polish politician …   Wikipedia

  • Tomasz Moskal — Infobox Football biography playername= Tomasz Moskal dateofbirth = birth date and age|1975|7|8|df=y cityofbirth = Wrocław countryofbirth = Poland height = height|m=1.91 currentclub = Górnik Zabrze position = striker youthyears = youthclubs =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kazimierz Moskal — (* 2. Februar 1962 in Żyraków) ist ein polnischer Politiker und seit 2005 Abgeordneter des Sejm in der V. und VI. Wahlperiode. 1988 beendete er das Studium der Geschichtswissenschaften an der Humanistischen Fakultät der Pädagogischen Akademie in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Mikhail Moskal — (* 24. Oktober 1937 in Carnegie) ist Altbischof von Saint Josaphat in Parma. Leben Der Erzbischof von Philadelphia, Ambrozij Andrew Senyshyn OSBM, weihte ihn am 25. März 1963 zum Priester und er wurde in den Klerus der Erzeparchie Philadelphia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • History of a Six Weeks' Tour — through a part of France, Switzerland, Germany, and Holland; with Letters Descriptive of a Sail Round the Lake of Geneva and of the Glaciers of Chamouni is a travel narrative by the British Romantic authors Mary Shelley and Percy Bysshe Shelley.… …   Wikipedia