- Jaws 3-D
name = Jaws 3-D
caption = "Jaws 3-D" film poster
writer = Story:
Carl Gottlieb Richard Matheson
Dennis Quaid, Bess Armstrong, Simon MacCorkindale, Louis Gossett Jr., John Putch
released = flagicon|US July 22, 1983
runtime = 99 min.
country = USA
language = English
budget = $18 million
music = Alan Parker
Chris Cordon; James A. Contner
Corky Ehlers; Randy Roberts
preceded_by = "
followed_by = ""
amg_id = 1:25914
imdb_id = 0085750
"Jaws 3-D" (also known as "Jaws 3") is a 1983 horror–
thriller filmdirected by Joe Alvesand starring Dennis Quaid(in his first lead role). It is the second sequel to Steven Spielberg's 1975 Oscar winning classic "Jaws".
SeaWorld, a water park with underwater tunnels and lagoons, prepares to open, a baby great white sharkinfiltrates the barrier, attacking and killing water skiers and park employees. Once the baby shark is captured, it becomes apparent that the mother, a much larger shark is present.
The film is notable for making use of
3-D filmduring the revived interest in the technology in the 1980s, amongst other horror films such as " Friday the 13th Part 3" and " Amityville 3-D". Cinema audiences could wear disposable cardboard polarized glassesto create the illusion that elements penetrate the screen.cite web|first=Jay|last=Ankeney|title=Underwater with Hydroflex's Pete Romano|work=HydroFlex Inc|url=http://www.hydroflex.com/site/about/crplanet.html|date=March 13, 2000|accessdate=2007-01-04] Several shots and sequences were designed to utilise the effect, such as the shark's destruction. Since the 3-D is ineffective in home viewing, the alternative title "Jaws 3" is used for television broadcasts, VHS and DVD.cite web| author=Ken Begg| title=Jaws 3-D - Jabootu's Bad Movie Dimension |url=http://www.jabootu.com/jaws3-D.htm |accessdate=2006-11-25]
The oldest son from the first two "Jaws" films, Michael Brody (played by
Dennis Quaid) now works for SeaWorldin Florida, which is preparing for the launch of its new "Undersea Kingdom," a set of tunnels where people can "view the wonders of the deep without ever getting wet." The film opens with a great white following a team of waterskiers, among them Kelly ( Lea Thompson). Their boat stalls, but then its driver gets it going again before anyone is attacked.
Michael Brody is the chief engineer, and lives with his girlfriend, Katherine Morgan (
Bess Armstrong), who is senior biologist at the park. Katherine and her assistants, Dan and Liz, wonder why the dolphins are acting so afraid of leaving their pen. As Sean (John Putch), Michael's brother, arrives to visit, he reveals a deep fear about the water caused by the events depicted in " Jaws 2". Kelly, after meeting Michael, Sean, and Katherine in a bar, tries to dispel the phobia by playing in the water (mostly) naked at nighttime.
Meanwhile, Shelby Overman (Harry Grant), one of the mechanics, dives into the water at dusk to repair the gates. He is attacked by a shark and killed, only leaving a severed arm. They are informed of his disappearance by Charlene, a woman with whom Overman is living. She is quite irate at his failing to return, and fears the worst. The next day, Michael and Katherine go down in a submarine to check the tunnels and find Overman's severed arm. They decide to go into a piece of scenery, the Spanish galleon, although encouraged by Katherine's two dolphins to stay away. They continue the search, leaving the submarine, only to be assaulted by a great white. The dolphins, having sensed trouble from the start and visibly beseeching Katherine to stay in the sub, respond to Katherine's waving hands. They heroically rescue Mike and Katherine by allowing them to ride them back to the safety of their dolphin pen.
This information is at first disbelieved by park owner Calvin Bouchard (
Louis Gossett, Jr.) , but is quite exciting to his friend, the hunter Phillip FitzRoyce ( Simon MacCorkindale). Katherine protests FitzRoyce's intent to kill the creature, so capturing it is the decided course. The baby great white is captured and nursed to partial health by Katherine and Liz. Calvin orders it exhibited as being the first Great White in captivity, but it dies within minutes.
Meanwhile, Kelly forces Sean to join her on the bumper boats. But, at the underwater tunnel, a girl is terrified when she sees a hideous corpse, later revealed to be Overman, bob up to a window. Katherine reveals that the bites came from a shark with a mouth a yard across, which is initially ridiculed by FitzRoyce, saying "That would indicate a shark of some 35 ft. in length", which is too big for a normal great white. That means that the shark's "mother" has also breached the gates of the park, but she can't convince Calvin of this fact until the shark herself shows up at the window of their underwater cafe. The shark exacts her revenge, first by causing a leak that nearly drowns everyone in the underwater tunnel, then turns her attention to everyone on the beach. She fails to capture the waterskiers, but capsizes Sean and Kelly's bumper boat, and Kelly gets a laceration from the shark's coarse skin.
FitzRoyce leads the shark into the filtration pipes where the water from the ocean is brought into the lagoon, hoping to trap her inside. However, he drifts right into her mouth after his lifeline rope snapped. He prepares a grenade, but he is crushed to death before he can use it.
Unaware of this, Michael has gone down to repair the underwater tunnel so the technicians can restore air pressure and drain the water, with Katherine to watch his back. He welds the repair piece, but, with no pressure in the pipe to restrain her, the shark breaks free of the filtration pipe and attacks Katherine again, but as usual, she is protected by her dolphins. They return to the control room with Calvin and the technicians. But, the shark smashes through the
acrylic glass, flooding the room. As everyone tries to escape, Mike notices FitzRoyce's body still inside the shark's mouth, clutching the grenade. Mike uses a pole to pull the grenade's pin, and it explodes, blowing the shark to pieces.
Katherine and Mike float up to the surface, explaining that Calvin managed to rescue the female technician, though the shark attacked the male technician and dropped him. Katherine is terrified for her dolphins, until they triumphantly show up in a splash, performing the tricks they refused to do since the movie's beginning.
Dennis Quaid... Michael 'Mike' Brody
Bess Armstrong... Kathryn Morgan
Simon MacCorkindale... Philip FitzRoyce
Louis Gossett Jr.... Calvin Bouchard
*John Putch ... Sean Brody
Lea Thompson... Kelly Ann Bukowski
*Harry Grant ... Shelby Overman
David Brown and
Richard Zanuck, the producers for the first two films, originally pitched this idea as a spoof named "Jaws 3, People 0" after the success of " Airplane!" Matty Simmons, fresh off the success of " National Lampoon's Animal House", was brought in as producer, with Brown and Zanuck taking on executive producer roles. Simmons outlined a story and commissioned "National Lampoon" writers John Hughes and Todd Carroll for a script.Andy Patrizio, "An Interview with Matty Simmons" [http://dvd.ign.com/articles/457/457486p1.html] , "IGN.com", 2003] Aaron W. Graham, "Jaws 3/People 0 - Script Review" [http://awcgfilmlog.blogspot.com/2006/02/jaws-3people-0-script-review.html] , "More Than Meets the Mogwai", 2006] Joe Dantewas briefly pursued as a director.cite web |first=Andy |last=Dursin |title=Aisle Seat - Fourth of July Edition |url=http://www.filmscoremonthly.com/articles/2003/03_Jul---Aisle_Seat_Fourth_of_July.asp |work=Film Score Monthly |year=2003] Due to conflicts with Universal Studios, the project was shut down. David Brown later said a spoof would have been a mistake and that it would be like "fouling in your own nest.""The Making of Jaws 2", "Jaws 2" DVD documentary,  ]
The film was directed by Joe Alves, who had worked on the first two films as
production designerand as second unit directorfor "Jaws 2". It had been suggested that Alves co-direct the first sequel with Verna Fieldswhen first director John D. Hancockleft the project. The screenplay was based on Guerdon Trueblood's story about a white shark swimming upstream and becoming trapped in a lake.cite web |first=Chadwick H |last=Saxelid |title=JAWS 3 (a.k.a. JAWS 3-D) |url=http://www.scifilm.org/reviews/jaws3.html |work=Sci-fi Film |accessdate=2007-01-19] The script was written by Carl Gottlieband Richard Matheson. Gottlieb had revised the screenplays for the first two "Jaws" films, and Matheson had written the script for Spielberg's celebrated 1971 television movie"Duel".cite web|first=Richard |last=Scheib |title= JAWS 3-D aka JAWS III Rating: ½ |work=The SF, Horror and Fantasy Film Review |url=http://www.moria.co.nz/horror/jaws3.htm|year=1990 |accessdate=2007-01-13] However, Matheson has reported in interviews that the screenplay was revised by script doctors.
There was a revival in popularity of 3-D at this time, with many films using the technique. "Jaws"' second sequel integrated the technology into its title, as did "
Amityville 3-D". " Friday the 13th Part 3" could also make dual use of the number three. The gimmick was also advertised in the tagline "the third dimension is terror."
Cinema audiences could wear disposable cardboard
polarized glassesto view the film, creating the illusion that elements from the film were penetrating the screen to come towards the viewers. The opening sequence makes obvious use of the technique, with the titles flying to the forefront of the screen, leaving a trail. There are more subtle instances in the film where props are meant to leave the screen. The more obvious examples are in the climatic sequence of the shark attacking the control room and its subsequent destruction. The glass as the shark smashes into the room uses 3-D, as does the shot where the shark explodes, with fragmented parts of it apparently bursting through the screen, ending with its jaws.
It is a common misconception that "Jaws 3-D" was filmed using two cameras simultaneously to achieve the effect. In fact, as the credits of the movie indicate, it was shot using the
Arrivision 3Dsystem. [cite web |title=Technical specifications for Jaws 3-D |work=IMBd |url=http://imdb.com/title/tt0085750/technical |accessdate=2007-01-03] This is a means of shooting 3D movies in normal colour with a single camera and single strip of film: the Arrivision 3D technique uses a special twin-lens adapter fitted to the film camera, and divides the 35 mm film frame in half along the middle, capturing the left-eye image in the upper half of the frame and the right-eye image in the lower half - this is known as "over/under". This allows filming to proceed as for any standard 2D movie, without the considerable additional expense of having to double up on cameras and film stock for every shot. When the resultant film is projected through a normal projector (albeit one requiring a special lens that combines the upper and lower images), a true polarised 3D image is produced. This system allows 3D films to be shown in almost any cinema since it does not require two projectors running simultaneously through the presentation - something most cinemas are not equipped to handle. What is required of the theatre is both the special projection lens and a reflective "silver" screen to enable the polarized images to reflect back to the viewer with the appropriate filter on each eye blocking out the wrong image, thus leaving the viewer to see the movie from two angles as the eyes naturally see the world. According to the company that built the underwater camera housings for "Jaws 3-D", the underwater sequences were shot using an Arriflex35-3 camera with Arrivision 18 mm over/under 3D lens.
This kind of 3D effect does not work on television without special electronic hardware at the viewer's end, and so with two exceptions, the home video and broadcast TV versions of "Jaws 3-D" were created using just the left-eye image, and with the title changed to "Jaws 3" or "Jaws III". Because the left-eye image only takes up half the 35 mm film frame, the picture resolution is noticeably poorer than would normally be expected of a movie shot on 35 mm.
One of the above-mentioned exceptions was a 1986 release of the movie for the now-obsolete VHD video disc system (not to be confused with
LaserDisc). This required a special 3D VHD player, or a standard VHD player with a hardware 3D adapter, and a set of LCD glasses that shuttered the viewer's eyes according to control signals sent by the player, allowing the polarised 3D effect to work. [cite web |title=VHD DiscWorld 3D Compatible Video |url=http://disclord.tripod.com/vhddiscworld/id1.html |accessdate=2007-01-03] The other exception was the Sensio3-D DVD of "Jaws 3-D" released in February 2008. The Sensio 3-D Processor is needed for 3-D home viewing. [cite web |title=Sensio and Universal to release classic 3-D titles on DVD |publisher=rollanet.org |url=http://www.rollanet.org/~vbeydler/van/3dreview/3dr0608.htm |accessdate=2008-04-15]
TV3 in Malaysia tried to broadcast the 3D version of the film in 2001. The event was advertised heavily and required viewers to buy or obtain a pair of anaglyph glasses to fully enjoy the movie; this was an anaglyph 3D version of the film created from the Arrivision original. [cite news |title=TV3 pitches in for the blind |work=Portal Ilmu |url=http://portalilmu.kempen.gov.my/index.php?ch=24&pg=138&ac=5076&lang=eng |format=Web reprint from
The Malay Mail|date= 2001-01-23|accessdate=2006-11-25] [cite web |title=Pandangan untuk TV3 dan ntv7 |work=Portal Ilmu |url=http://portalilmu.kempen.gov.my/index.php?ch=12&pg=133&ac=5517 |date= 2001-04-22|accessdate=2006-11-25]
This film was referenced in the 1989 film "
Back to the Future Part II". When Marty McFlyarrives in Hill Valley in the year 2015 he sees that a movie theatre that is playing "Jaws 19", as in the 19th installment of the franchise. The shark from the poster leaps out at him, "eating" him, taking him by surprise and causing him to cower in fear. The shark disappears, revealing it to be a 3-D hologram. He gets up off the ground, shrugs, and calmly says, "The shark still looks fake." [cite web |title=Memorable Quotes from "Back to the Future Part II" (1989) |work=IMDb |url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0096874/quotes |accessdate=2007-02-11]
Name = Jaws 3-D
Type = soundtrack
Artist = Alan Parker
Released = 1983
Angel Studios, London
Genre = Orchestral
Length = 35:43
Producer = Graham WalkerThe score was composed and conducted by Alan Parker, who had previously provided music for
British televisionshows including " Van der Valk" and "Minder". [cite album-notes |title=Jaws 3-D |year=1983 |bandname=Alan Parker |format =Cover |publisher= MCA Records] [cite web |title=Alan Parker (II) |work=Internet Movie Database |url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0662029/ |accessdate=2006-11-28] It was Parker's first feature score, but he would later work on " What's Eating Gilbert Grape" and "American Gothic." John Williams' famous shark motif is, however, integrated into the score. The soundtrack album was released by MCA Recordswhich was absorbed by Geffen Records. The soundtrack was later released on CDby Intrada and was limited to only 3000 copies. [cite web |title=JAWS 3-D |work=Intrada |url=http://shopping.netsuite.com/s.nl/c.ACCT67745/it.A/id.5614/.f |accessdate=2007-12-30]
# "Jaws 3-D Main Title" (2:59)
# "Kay and Mike's Love Theme" (2:18)
# "Panic at Seaworld" (2:07)
# "Underwater Kingdom and Shark Chase" (4:20)
# "Shark Chase and Dolphin Rescue" (1:22)
# "Saved by the Dolphins" (2:05)
# "The Shark's Gonna Hit Us!" (2:42)
# "It's Alive/Seaworld Opening Day/Silver Bullet" (2:34)
# "Overman's Last Dive" (1:18)
# "Philip's Demise" (4:59)
# "Night Capture" (4:53)
# "Jaws 3-D End Titles" (4:06)
The film grossed $13,422,500 on its opening weekend, playing to 1,311 theaters at its widest release. This was 29.5% of its total gross. It has achieved total lifetime worldwide gross of $87,987,055. [cite web |title=JAWS 3-D |work=BoxOffice Mojo |url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=jaws3d.htm |accessdate=2007-01-13] This illustrates the series' diminishing returns, since "Jaws 3-D" has earned nearly $100,000,000 less than the total lifetime gross of its predecessor [cite web|title=Jaws 2 |work=Box Office Mojo |url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=jaws2.htm |accessdate=2007-02-11] and $300,000,000 less than the original film. [cite web |title=Jaws |work=Box Office Mojo |url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=jaws.htm |accessdate=2007-01-11] The final sequel would attract an even lower income, with around two thirds of "Jaws 3-D"'s total lifetime gross. [cite web |title=JAWS IV: THE REVENGE |work=Box Office Mojo |url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=jaws4.htm |accessdate=2007-02-11]
Reception for the movie was generally poor. "Variety" calls it "" and suggests that Alves "fails to linger long enough on the Great White." [cite web |title=Jaws 3-D |work=Variety |url=http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117792125.html?categoryid=31&cs=1&p=0 |date=
1983-01-01|accessdate=2006-11-28] It has an 11% 'rotten' rating at rottentomatoes.com. [cite web |title=Jaws 3-D |work=Rotten Tomatoes |url=http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/jaws_3/ |accessdate=2007-01-24] The 3-D was criticised as being a gimmick to attract audiences to the aging seriescite web |title=DVD Review: Jaws 3 |work=DVDown Under |url=http://dvdownunder.com.au/reviews/2001/jaws3.htm |accessdate=2006-11-28] and for being ineffective. [cite web |first=Roger |last=Ebert|title=Wings Of Courage |work=Roger Ebert Movie Reviews |url=http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19960322/REVIEWS/603220307/1023 |date= 1996-03-22|accessdate=2006-11-28] All Movie Guide, however, says that "the suspense sequences were made somewhat more memorable during the film's original release with 3-D photography, an attribute lost on video, thereby removing the most distinctive element of an otherwise run-of-the-mill sequel." [cite web |first=Judd |last=Blaise |title=Jaws 3 |work=All Movie Guide |url=http://allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=1:25914 |accessdate=2006-12-11]
Derek Winnert says that "with Richard Matheson's name on the script you'd expect a better yarn" although he continues to say that the film "is entirely watchable with a big pack of popcorn." [cite book |first=Derek |last=Winnert|year=1993 |title=Radio Times Film & Video Guide 1994 |publisher=Hodder & Stoughton |location= London |id=ISBN 0-340-57477-1 |pages=546] Others are disappointed that Matheson and Gottlieb produced this script given their previous success.
Although most critics are in agreement that "
Jaws 2" is the best of the "Jaws" sequels, some are unsure if "Jaws-3-D" is better than "". One reviewer says of "Jaws 3-D":
Campy performances, cheesy special effects, and downright awful dialogue all contribute to making "Jaws 3" a truly dismal experience for just about everyone. It's not only hard to believe that a sequel this downright abominable didn't kill the franchise, but that it actually would be followed by a movie that was arguably worse -- "Jaws: the Revenge".cite web |first=Vince |last=Leo |title=Jaws 3 (1983) / Horror-Adventure |work=Quipster's Movie Reviews |url=http://www.qwipster.net/jaws3.htm |accessdate=2007-01-13]
Amongst some flaws, some critics describe the film as "marginally entertaining." [cite web |first=Almar |last=Haflidason |title=Jaws 3 (aka Jaws 3-D) (1983) |work=bbc.co.uk |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/films/2000/07/14/jaws3_review.shtml |date=
2001-03-09|accessdate=2007-01-19] The sound design has been commended, however. The moment when an infant's cry is heard when the baby shark dies in the pool is particularly praised by one reviewer.
It was nominated for five
1983 Golden Raspberry Awards, including worst picture, director, supporting actor (Lou Gossett, Jr), screenplay, and newcomer (Cindy and Sandy, "The Shrieking Dolphins"). However, it "won" none. [cite web |title=1983 Archive |work=Razzies.com |url=http://razzies.com/asp/content/XcNewsPlus.asp?cmd=view&articleid=23 |accessdate=2006-12-10]
*imdb title|id=0085750|title=Jaws 3
*mojo title|id=jaws3|title=Jaws 3
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