- Engineer's scale
An engineer's scale is a tool for measuring distances and transferring measurements at a fixed
ratioof length. It is commonly made of plastic and is just over twelve inches (300 mm) long, so that the measuring ticks at the edges do not become unusable by wear. It is used in making engineering drawings, commonly called blueprints, in scale. For example, "one-tenth size" would appear on a drawing to indicate a part larger than the paper itself. It is not to be used to measure machined parts to see if they meet specifications.
In scientific and engineering terminology, a device to measure linear distance and create proportional linear measurements is called a scale. A device for drawing straight lines is a
ruler. In common usage both are referred to as a ruler.
Canadaand the United States, this scale is divided into decimalized fractions of an inch, but has a cross-section like an equilateral triangle, which enables the scale to have six edges indexed for measurement. One edge is divided into tenths of an inch, and the subsequent ones are directly marked for twentieths, thirtieths, fortieths, fiftieths, and finally sixtieths of an inch.
The engineer's scale came into existence when machining parts required a greater precision than the usual, binary fractionalization of the inch as in the
architect's scalefor houses and furniture. They were used, for example, in laying out printed circuit boards with the spacing of leads from integrated circuit chips as one-tenth of an inch. In the twenty-first century, those which are commonly purchased in the US are actually made in Germany.
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