Kehl


Kehl

Infobox German Location
name = Kehl
name_local =
image_coa = Wappen Kehl.png
state = Baden-Württemberg
regbzk = Freiburg
district = Ortenaukreis
population = 34303
population_as_of = 2005-01-01
population_ref =
area = 75.06
elevation = 139
lat_deg = 48 | lat_min = 34 | lat_hem = N
lon_deg = 7 | lon_min = 49 | lon_hem = E
postal_code = 77671-77694
area_code = 07851
licence = OG
mayor = Günther Petry (SPD)
website = [http://www.kehl.de/ kehl.de]

Kehl is a town in southwestern Germany in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg. It is located at the river Rhine, directly opposite Strasbourg.

History

The village of Kehl was first mentioned 1038. In 1338 the first permanent bridge between Kehl and Strasbourg was completed. In 1678 the city was taken over by France and being considered as a part of the defence system of Strasbourg. Hence the village was transformed into a fortress in 1683 by the French architect Vauban. On May 7, 1770, Marie Antoinette was officially handed over by Austria to France on an island on the Rhine near Kehl. In 1774 - again ruled by the House of Baden - Kehl received town ordinances and privileges by the margrave Karl Friedrich von Baden. After several changes of the sovereigns (France, Baden and Austria) the city was finally returned to Baden in 1815 and the fortress was dismantled.

In 1861 the first railway bridge was built and the first direct connection from Paris to Vienna was established. Required changes of trains were performed in Kehl.

After the First World War, according to the Treaty of Versailles ("ex" art. 65) the harbour of Kehl was placed under French administration for seven years, in order to prevent possible German attacks on the opposite newly French town of Strasbourg.

During the Second World War, after the Battle of France Kehl was turned into a suburb of Strasbourg. After the war a number of Germans were expelled from Kehl. This state continued until 1953 when the city was returned to the Federal Republic of Germany and the refugees returned.

Gateway to Strasbourg

The French city of Strasbourg lies next to Kehl over the river. Kehl train station is located near the bridge of the river which can be crossed on foot to enter Strasbourg.

External links

*http://www.kehl.de
* [http://www.badische-seiten.de/kehl/ Kehl:images (de)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kehl — am Rhein …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kehl — am Rhein Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kehl — Kehl,   Große Kreisstadt im Ortenaukreis, Baden Württemberg, im Oberrheinischen Tiefland auf dem rechten Rheinufer, gegenüber von Straßburg, 142 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 33 000 Einwohner; Fachhochschule für …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kehl — Kehl, Stadt im Oberamte Kork des badischen Mittelrheinkreises, am rechten Ufer des Rheins (wo die Kinzig u. Schutter einfließen), Strasburg gegenüber; durch eine Zweigbahn nach Appenweier mit der Badischen Staatsbahn (Manheim Basel) verbunden,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kehl — Kehl, Bezirksamtsstadt im bad. Kreis Offenburg, am Rhein und an der Kinzig, Knotenpunkt der badischen Staatsbahnlinie Appenweier K. und der Linien Straßburg Bühl und Straßburg Offenburg der Straßburger Straßenbahnen, hat eine Simultankirche,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kehl — Kehl, Amtsstadt im bad. Kr. Offenburg, zwischen Kinzig und Rhein, Straßburg gegenüber, (1900) 3008 E., Amtsgericht, Rheinhafen; bis 1815 Festung; 19. Aug. bis 28. Sept. 1870 von Straßburg aus beschossen. Dabei Dorf K. mit 4164 E. [Karte: Bayern… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kehl — Kehl, Stadt und Dorf im bad. Mittelrheinkreis, am Einfluß der Kinzig in den Rhein, über den hier eine Brücke nach dem gegenüberliegenden Straßburg führt, mit 3700 E., von denen über die Hälfte der Stadt, der Rest dem Dorfe angehören; Freihafen,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Kehl — (Stadt am Oberrhein) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Kehl — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kehl — Original name in latin Kehl Name in other language Kehl, Kehl am Rhein, Kehl im Hanauerland, Kel, Kel , Kiel, Stadt Kehl, keru, kl, badn wwrtmyrg, Кел, Кель State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 48.57297 latitude 7.81523 altitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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