- Paul Sabatier (chemist)
name = Paul Sabatier
caption =Paul Sabatier
November 5, 1854
death_date = death date and age| 1941|8|14|1854|11|5
Collège de France, University of Bordeaux, University of Toulouse
Collège de France
Nobel Prize for Chemistry(1912)
Paul Sabatier (
November 5, 1854– August 14, 1941) was a French chemist, born at Carcassonne. He taught science classes most of his life before he became Dean of the Faculty of Science in 1905.
Sabatier's earliest research concerned the
thermochemistryof sulfurand metallic sulfates, the subject for the thesis leading to his doctorate. In Toulouse, he continued his physical and chemical investigations to sulfides, chlorides, chromates and coppercompounds. He also studied the oxides of nitrogenand nitrosodisulfonic acidand its salts and carried out fundamental research on partition coefficients and absorption spectra.
Sabatier greatly facilitated the industrial use of
hydrogenation. In 1897, he discovered that the introduction of a trace of nickel as a catalyst facilitated the addition of hydrogen to molecules of carbon compounds.
Sabatier is best known for the
Sabatier processand his works such as "La Catalyse en Chimie Orgarnique" (Catalysis in organic chemistry) which was published in 1913. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistryjointly with fellow Frenchman Victor Grignardin 1912.
Sabatier was married with four daughters, one of whom wed the famous Italian chemist
Timeline of hydrogen technologies
*cite journal | title=Paul Sabatier (to 150th anniversary of his birthday) | author= | journal=Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry | volume=77 | issue=11 | pages=1582 | year= 2004 | url= | doi=10.1007/s11167-005-0190-6
*cite journal | title=Presidential address. Concepts in catalysis. The contributions of Paul Sabatier and of Max Bodenstein | author=E. K. Rideal | journal=J. Chem. Soc. | volume= | issue= | pages=1640–1647 | year= 1951 | url= | doi=10.1039/JR9510001640
*cite journal | title=Paul Sabatier 1854-1941 | author=Hugh S. Taylor | journal=J. Chem. Soc. | volume=66 | issue=10 | pages=1615–1617 | year= 1944 | url= | doi=10.1021/ja01238a600
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/sabatier-lecture.html Nobel Lecture] "The Method of Direct Hydrogenation by Catalysis" from Nobelprize.org website
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/sabatier-bio.html Biography] Biography from Nobelprize.org website
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См. также в других словарях:
Paul Sabatier — is also the name of a Nobel Prize winning chemist. Paul Sabatier (August 3, 1858 March 4, 1928), was a French clergyman and historian who produced the first modern biography of St. Francis of Assisi. He is the brother of Auguste Sabatier.He was… … Wikipedia
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Sabatier reaction — The Sabatier reaction or Sabatier process involves the reaction of hydrogen with carbon dioxide at elevated temperatures and pressures in the presence of a nickel catalyst to produce methane and water. Optionally ruthenium on alumina makes a more … Wikipedia
Sabatier — [sȧ bȧ tyā′] Paul [pō̂l] 1854 1941; Fr. chemist … English World dictionary
Sabatier, Paul — ▪ French chemist born Nov. 5, 1854, Carcassonne, France died Aug. 14, 1941, Toulouse French organic chemist and corecipient, with Victor Grignard (Grignard, Victor), of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for researches in catalytic organic… … Universalium
Sabatier , Paul — (1854–1941) French chemist Sabatier, who was born at Carcassone in southwest France, was a student at the Ecole Normale, Paris, and gained his PhD from the Collège de France in 1880. He became professor of chemistry at the University of Toulouse… … Scientists
Sabatier,Paul — Sa·ba·tier (sä bä tyāʹ), Paul. 1854 1941. French chemist. He shared a 1912 Nobel Prize for developing methods of hydrogenating organic compounds. * * * … Universalium
Sabatier — biographical name Paul 1854 1941 French chemist … New Collegiate Dictionary
Sabatier — /sann bann tyay /, n. Paul /pawl/, 1854 1941, French chemist: Nobel prize 1912. * * * … Universalium
Sabatier — Sa•ba•tier [[t]ˌsɑ bɑˈtyeɪ[/t]] n. big Paul, 1854–1941, French chemist: Nobel prize 1912 … From formal English to slang