Paul Sabatier (chemist)

Paul Sabatier (chemist)

Infobox_Scientist
name = Paul Sabatier


image_size=180px
caption =Paul Sabatier
birth_date = November 5, 1854
birth_place = Carcassonne, France
nationality = France
death_date = death date and age| 1941|8|14|1854|11|5
death_place = Toulouse, France
field = Inorganic chemistry
work_place=Collège de France,
University of Bordeaux,
University of Toulouse
alma_mater = Collège de France
doctoral_advisor = Marcellin Berthelot
doctoral_students =
known_for = Heterogeneous catalysis
prizes = Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1912)

Paul Sabatier (November 5, 1854 – August 14, 1941) was a French chemist, born at Carcassonne. He taught science classes most of his life before he became Dean of the Faculty of Science in 1905.

Sabatier's earliest research concerned the thermochemistry of sulfur and metallic sulfates, the subject for the thesis leading to his doctorate. In Toulouse, he continued his physical and chemical investigations to sulfides, chlorides, chromates and copper compounds. He also studied the oxides of nitrogen and nitrosodisulfonic acid and its salts and carried out fundamental research on partition coefficients and absorption spectra.

Sabatier greatly facilitated the industrial use of hydrogenation. In 1897, he discovered that the introduction of a trace of nickel as a catalyst facilitated the addition of hydrogen to molecules of carbon compounds.

Sabatier is best known for the Sabatier process and his works such as "La Catalyse en Chimie Orgarnique" (Catalysis in organic chemistry) which was published in 1913. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with fellow Frenchman Victor Grignard in 1912.

Sabatier was married with four daughters, one of whom wed the famous Italian chemist Emilio Pomilio.

ee also

*Timeline of hydrogen technologies

References

*cite journal | title=Paul Sabatier (to 150th anniversary of his birthday) | author= | journal=Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry | volume=77 | issue=11 | pages=1582 | year= 2004 | url= | doi=10.1007/s11167-005-0190-6
*cite journal | title=Presidential address. Concepts in catalysis. The contributions of Paul Sabatier and of Max Bodenstein | author=E. K. Rideal | journal=J. Chem. Soc. | volume= | issue= | pages=1640–1647 | year= 1951 | url= | doi=10.1039/JR9510001640
*cite journal | title=Paul Sabatier 1854-1941 | author=Hugh S. Taylor | journal=J. Chem. Soc. | volume=66 | issue=10 | pages=1615–1617 | year= 1944 | url= | doi=10.1021/ja01238a600

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/sabatier-lecture.html Nobel Lecture] "The Method of Direct Hydrogenation by Catalysis" from Nobelprize.org website
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/sabatier-bio.html Biography] Biography from Nobelprize.org website


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Paul Sabatier — is also the name of a Nobel Prize winning chemist. Paul Sabatier (August 3, 1858 March 4, 1928), was a French clergyman and historian who produced the first modern biography of St. Francis of Assisi. He is the brother of Auguste Sabatier.He was… …   Wikipedia

  • Sabatier (disambiguation) — Sabatier or sabattier can refer to:People* Antoine Sabatier de Castres, French novelist and journalist. * Apollonie Sabatier, bohèmienne and muse to some artists in Paris around 1850/60. * Armand Sabattier, discoverer of the Sabattier effect. *… …   Wikipedia

  • Sabatier reaction — The Sabatier reaction or Sabatier process involves the reaction of hydrogen with carbon dioxide at elevated temperatures and pressures in the presence of a nickel catalyst to produce methane and water. Optionally ruthenium on alumina makes a more …   Wikipedia

  • Sabatier — [sȧ bȧ tyā′] Paul [pō̂l] 1854 1941; Fr. chemist …   English World dictionary

  • Sabatier, Paul — ▪ French chemist born Nov. 5, 1854, Carcassonne, France died Aug. 14, 1941, Toulouse       French organic chemist and corecipient, with Victor Grignard (Grignard, Victor), of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for researches in catalytic organic… …   Universalium

  • Sabatier , Paul — (1854–1941) French chemist Sabatier, who was born at Carcassone in southwest France, was a student at the Ecole Normale, Paris, and gained his PhD from the Collège de France in 1880. He became professor of chemistry at the University of Toulouse… …   Scientists

  • Sabatier,Paul — Sa·ba·tier (sä bä tyāʹ), Paul. 1854 1941. French chemist. He shared a 1912 Nobel Prize for developing methods of hydrogenating organic compounds. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sabatier — biographical name Paul 1854 1941 French chemist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sabatier — /sann bann tyay /, n. Paul /pawl/, 1854 1941, French chemist: Nobel prize 1912. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sabatier — Sa•ba•tier [[t]ˌsɑ bɑˈtyeɪ[/t]] n. big Paul, 1854–1941, French chemist: Nobel prize 1912 …   From formal English to slang


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