- Theater for the New City
1971, Theater for the New City (known familiarly as “TNC") is one of New York City’s leading Off-Off Broadwaytheaters, known for radical political plays and community commitment. Productions at TNC have won 43 Obie Awardsand the Pulitzer Prizefor Drama. TNC currently exists as a 4-theater complex in a 30,000 square foot space located at 155 1st Avenue, in Manhattan's East Village.
Crystal Fieldand George Barteniefffounded Theater for the New City in 1971with Theo Barnesand Lawrence Kornfeld, who was the Resident Director of Judson Poets Theatre, where the four had met. Feeling that Judson Poets Theatrehad peaked [http://www.nyfa.org/level4.asp?id=230&fid=1&sid=5&tid=172] , they decided to form a theater of their own for poetic work that would also encompass a community ideal. The impulse to form a company coincided with the availability of a space at the Westbeth Artists Communityin the West Village. Bartenieff, Field, Barnes and Kornfeld named their new company "Theater for the New City" after a speech in which then-Mayor John V. Lindsayenvisioned a “new city” for all.
The theater officially opened in March,
1971. Its initial two seasons included plays by Richard Foreman, Charles Ludlam, Miguel Piñeroand Jean-Claude van Itallie. Theater for the New City also began its Annual Summer Street Theater, and founded the Village Halloween Paradewith puppeteer Ralph Lee. The Parade won an Obie Awardunder TNC administration, but a desire to be much more commercially viable than TNC’s anti-establishment spirit would allow caused Ralph Leeto form his own Parade Committee and split from TNC in 1973[http://www.nytheatre-wire.com/halwcf.htm] . TNC subsequently inaugurated its "Village Halloween Costume Ball", which it still holds to this day.
TNC saw some major changes in its first year. Kornfeld and Barnes resigned, leaving Bartenieff as Executive Director and Field as Artistic Director. TNC also moved from
Westbeth Artists Communityand found a new home in the basement of the Jane West, a former seaman’s hotel at 113 Jane Street, in a run-down area of the West Villageby the Hudson River. Theater for the New City played a large part in rehabilitating the neighborhood and the theater it created would later be known as the Jane Street Theaterand house successes such as Hedwig and the Angry Inch. During its time at the Jane West, Theater for the New City cemented its reputation for being the most avant of avant-gardetheater, offering radical political plays, experimental poetic works, dancetheater, musical theaterand even film. Mabou Minesfound a home at Theater for the New City as did playwrights such as Romulus Linney, Harvey Fierstein, H. M. Koutoukasand Marie-Irene Fornes. A musical adaptation of Antoine de St. Exupéry’s " The Little Prince" in 1973featured a young Tim Robbinsin the title role. The 1976 play Dinosaur Doorby Barbara Garsonfeatured a young Vin Diesel.
1977, the theater moved from the West Villageto the East Village, converting a former Tabernacle Baptist church at 156 2nd Avenue, near East 10th Street, into a cultural complex with a rehearsal room and three theaters named after Joe Cino, Charles Stanleyand James Waring. Notable productions in the late 1970s and 1980s include the American premiere of two of Heiner Muller’s plays, " Hamletmachine" [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D06E6D71038F931A15751C1A962948260] in 1984and "Quartett" [http://theater2.nytimes.com/mem/theater/treview.html?res=990DE5D9123BF937A15751C1A963948260] in 1985; and " Buried Child" [http://theater2.nytimes.com/mem/theater/treview.html?html_title=&tols_title=BURIED%20CHILD%20(PLAY)&pdate=19781107&byline=By%20RICHARD%20EDER&id=1077011429446] by Sam Shepardin 1978. The Theater for the New City production of " Buried Child" moved Off-Broadwayto the Theatre de Lysand in 1979, and became the first Off-Off Broadwayplay to win the Pulitzer Prize.
1980's - 1990's
New York Citybegan to increase exponentially in the early 1980s [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9901E7DB123BF931A15751C1A963948260] and Theater for the New City was forced to find another home in 1984after is rent increased 300% [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0B1FF63D5C0C758EDDA80994DC484D81&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fSubjects%2fT%2fTheater] . With the help of Bess Myerson, Ruth Messingerand David Dinkins, the theater was able to purchase an underutilized 30,000 square foot former WPAbuilding one block east at 155 First Avenue in 1986. The first Halloween Ball to take place in the new location was held in tents pitched on 10th Street because a Certificate of Occupancy hadn't yet been obtained. Refusing to close doors during renovation, TNC threw up two interim theater spaces, which like its predecessors in the 2nd Avenue building, were named after Off-Off Broadwayfounders Joe Cinoand Charles Stanley. The first completed theater was created with the help of sculptor John Seward Johnson IIof the Johnson & Johnsonfamily and his wife Joyce. In honor of its benefactors, it was christened the "Joyce and Seward Johnson Theater". It is currently one of the largest theaters Off-Off Broadway. Renovation of the building was finally completed in 2001.
Responding to the homeless problem of the late 1980s and government cutbacks in the arts, TNC created an after school Arts-in-Education program for shelter children in
1990. Budget cuts also forced the theater to reluctantly raise its admission prices from $4 to $5-$7 in 1993($7 was then the price of a movie ticket) and then to $10 in 1994. The current cap on ticket prices is $20. Other major changes in this period include the resignation of George Bartenieffin 1992. Crystal Fieldremains as Executive Artistic Director.
Current status and events
TNC continues to produce 30-40 new plays per year, along with its Annual Summer Street Theater, the Annual Village Halloween Costume Ball and the Lower East Side Festival of the Arts, which was created in
1996to celebrate the ethnic and artistic diversity of TNC’s Lower East Sideneighborhood. From 2006 to 2008, TNC presented the NY Uke Fest, a 4 night, 3 day celebration of ukulele music, under the direction of Uke Jackson and the New York Ukulele Ensemble. Many first generation Off-Off Broadway playwrights continue to present their work at TNC, among them Jean-Claude van Itallieand Tom O’Horgan. More recent TNC alumni include Tony Awardwinning director Moises Kaufman, who directed his first American plays at TNC after emigrating from his native Argentina, and Nobel Prizewinner Gao Xinjian, whose first play in America was staged at TNC in 1997. Other notable playwrights to have their work presented at TNC include Bina Sharif, Barbara Kahn, Laurence Holder, Trav S.D.and Matt Morillo. TNC continues to be a haven for Emerging playwrights, and in 2006, a Play reading series, "New City, New Blood", was created in order to further showcase new works.
In addition to their Community Festivals, several outside groups are presented at TNC. Annually, the
Bread & Puppet Theaterand the Thunderbird American Indian Dancersare presented by TNC, and each December, noted Playwright and TNC Alum Charles Buschholds a staged reading of his play, Times Square Angel.
In 2004, TNC began holding an annual
Valentine's DayBenefit. The "Love N' Courage" Benefit is held on a Monday night, near Valentine's Day. In 2007and again in 2008, this benefit was held at The National Arts Club. This event, presented in a pageant style, is meant as a fundraiser for TNC, and has honored friends of TNC, patrons of the Arts, and, in 2006, the City of New Orleans. TNC donated a portion of the proceeds raised from this Benefit to Southern Rep., a Theater company in New Orleans whose space was destroyed in the floods resulting from Hurricane Katrina. This event often features a star-studded lineup of performers; it has been hosted by Charles Buschand Julie Halston, and performers have included Kitty Carlisle Hart, Elaine Stritch, Patricia Neal, Tammy Grimes, Eli Wallachand Anne Jackson. The 2008 benefit honored playwright Edward Albeeand included performances by Elaine Stritch, Marian Seldesand Bill Irwin.
Through its Resident Theater Program, TNC produces 20-30 new American plays per year, providing a forum for both new and mid-career writers to experiment with their work and develop as artists. For newer writers, TNC offers an Emerging Theater Program that commissions and produces 10 plays by fledgling writers each year. The newest division of the Resident Theater Program, New City, New Blood, is a reading series for worthy plays in earlier stages of development.
The Annual Summer Street Theater Tour is a free
operetta-for-the-streets that tours 13 locations in all 5 boroughs of New York City. Begun in the early 1970s and embodying the grassrootsideals of that decade, Street Theater aims to raise social awareness in the communities it performs in, creating civic dialogue that inspires a better understanding of the world beyond the communities' geographic boundaries. Written and Directed by Crystal Field, TNC's Street Theater features a company of 50 and performs on Weekends in Parks, Playgrounds, Closed-off streets and the like.
The Presenting Theater Program is TNC’s vehicle to providing a showcase for performing groups without a permanent base. Each winter, the Presenting Program hosts
Bread & Puppet Theater, the oldest continuing experimental theatercompany in America and the Thunderbird American Indian Dance Concert and pow-wow, which offers ritual and social dances from 17 tribes throughout the United States.
TNC’s Arts in Education program was developed specifically to foster communication and self-esteem in at-risk and limited English proficient students. It has served P.S. 20, JHS 64, the Regents Family Shelter and the Catherine Street Shelter, and currently consists of a free After School Theater Workshop for low-income
Lower East Sidechildren.
The Community Festival Program consists of two free annual events, the Village Halloween Costume Ball and the [http://www.myspace.com/lesfestival Lower East Side Festival of the Arts] . The
HalloweenBall showcases over 450 artists and performers at a multi-level theatrical event, with performances that spill out onto the street. The Lower East Side Festival of the Arts is a free three-day weekend long extravaganza celebrating the cultural and artistic diversity of the Lower East Side. This event has grown tenfold since its inception in 1996, and is currently attended by over 3,000 people annually.
TNC’s Art Gallery grew out of the annual art exhibit for the
Lower East SideFestival of the Arts, and is now a year-round program of curated shows.
TNC’s permanent home is the former First Avenue Retail Market created in
1938by Robert Mosesto take pushcart peddlers off the streets. TNC purchased the building in 1986, but to its later regret, was not able to purchase the air-rightsabove the one-story facility. After moving into the space in September 1986. it created two interim theaters to continue production while raising the $2 million needed for renovation funds. The building currently consists of four theaters:
The Seward and Joyce Johnson Theater was the first theater to finish renovation in 1991. Funding for the theater was provided by sculptor
John Seward Johnson IIof the Johnson and Johnsonfamily, and his wife Joyce. Johnson designed and created the silver archway into the theater. One of the largest theaters Off-Off Broadway, and the only space that can be used as a 99-seat Off-Off Broadwaytheater or be transformed into a 240-seat Off-Broadwaytheater, the Johnson Theater opened in 1991with GRANDCHILD OF KINGS by Hal Prince. The theater is used for large-scale productions, including the annual Bread & Puppetnativity during the holiday season and an annual pow-wowcoordinated by the Thunderbird American Indian Dancers.
The Cino Theater is named after
Joe Cinoand is the third space in TNC’s history to bear Cino’s name. A long and shallow theater with 74 seats, the Cino Theater is TNC’s most modifiable space, and has been at times arranged as a thrust stageand an arena stage.
The Cabaret Theater was renovated along with TNC’s basement in
1999and at 65 seats is TNC’s smallest theater. An ersatz-Black Box type space, one-person plays and late-night cabarets often use this space, which as The Womb Room during the Annual Halloween Ball, showcases work by new performance artists and musicians.
The Community Space Theater was the last theater to be renovated in
2001. It has 91 seats and a sprung wood dance floor. Initially, this space consisted of risers and a stage concealed from the lobby by a heavy black curtain. During the renovation of 2001, an outer wall was added, and a formal dressing room was created as well.
The renovation of Theater for the New City came at a great cost to its relationship with the community in
2000when Mayor Rudolph Giulianisold the air rightsabove the theater (which the City had retained) to a developer. TNC was at that time in default of a loan borrowed against a pledged grant from the Manhattan Borough President’s Office, which never materialized. The City put a lien against TNC in 1997and unable to find a major donor to pay off the $519,634 lien, TNC was forced to agree to the construction of a 12-story tower above their space in order to have the lien forgiven. [http://www.allbusiness.com/operations/facilities-commercial-real-estate/569055-1.html] The Faustian deal was somewhat sweetened by giving TNC an extension on their mortgage and allowing the theater to have one seat on the condo board. Being vastly taller than the 6-story tenementbuildings prevalent in the Lower East Side, the condo tower was seen as a threat to the character of the neighborhood and construction in 2000occurred amidst great protest. [http://www.villagevoice.com/theater/0132,stage,27064,11.html] The tower became even more of a controversy when the developer hired non-union workers to build the tower. [http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0128,robbins,26276,5.html]
Another storm erupted in
2007, when TNC evicted an anarchistbookshop, which had been renting part of its lobby. [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30A1EFC3E5A0C7B8DDDAB0894DF404482]
* [http://www.theaterforthenewcity.net/ Theater for the New City official website]
* [http://www.myspace.com/theaterforthenewcity Theater for the New City Myspace]
* [http://www.myspace.com/lesfestival Lower East Side Festival of the Arts Myspace]
* [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0275911/ Crystal Field on imdb]
* [http://www.ibdb.com/person.asp?id=93486/ Crystal Field on ibdb]
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