- Statoil corruption case
Statoilcorruption case refers to Norwegian oil company Statoil’s misconduct and extensive use of corruption in Iranin 2002/ 2003in an attempt to secure lucrative oil contracts for the company in that country. This was mainly achieved by hiring the services of Horton Investments, an Iranian consultancy firm owned by Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, son of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani. Horton Investments was paid USD 15,2 million by Statoil to influence important political figures in Iran to grant oil contracts to Statoil. The corruption scandal was uncovered by Norwegian paper " Dagens Næringsliv" on September 3, 2003.
Verdict reached by the Norwegian court
On June,29, 2004 Statoil was found guilty of corruption by the Norwegian courts and ordered to pay NOK 20 million in fines. Director for international operations
Richard John Hubbardwas also ordered to pay NOK 200,000 in fines for his involvement in the case. The uncovering of the corruption scandal also led to the resignation of Statoil Chairman Leif Terje Løddesøl, Statoil CEO Olav Fjelland Director for international operations Richard John Hubbard. The charges against Olav Fjell was dropped due to insufficient evidence. Statoil did agreed to pay the fines, but insisted that this did not imply any admittance of guilt on their part.
Verdict reached by the US court
October 13, 2006Statoil reached a settlement with US authorities for their involvement in the case and was ordered by a US court to pay USD 21 million in fines. As part of the settlement agreement Statoil had to agree to the following counts.
1. Statoil agreed that they had paid bribes to an Iranian public servant in June 2002 and January 2003, with the aim of securing contracts for Statoil in the development of stage 6,7,8 of the
South Pars gas fieldin Iran.
2. Statoil agreed that
bribeswere paid to secure other contracts in the country, and to get hold of confidential information.
3. Statoil agrees that they had used wrong accounting procedures in order to hide the bribes from their records.
The settlement also stipulated that no Statoil employee or representative for the company could make any statements to the media that contradicts the verdict for the next three years.
Views on the verdicts
Former Iranian ambassador to Norway, and defector,
Perviz Khazai, criticized Statoil strongly for their business methods in Iran. In a statement he said that, "This smells to high heavens of corruption. And this incident can contribute to the tarnishing of Norway's reputation."cite news |first=Alf Ole |last=Ask |title=Statoil's international director resigns |url=http://www.aftenposten.no/english/business/article624131.ece |work=Aftenposten |date=2003-09-12 |accessdate=2007-05-04 ]
He also went on record to say that the Rafsanjani family were known for their close links to corruption.
Jan Borgenof Transparency International Norway was also highly critical of Statoil's conduct in Iran. When asked to make a comment on the case by Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten, he said,
"It is true that you can hardly get into these countries without using agents or advisers. But here, like anywhere else, you should know your agents. It is always dangerous to get involved with a consultant who has close contacts to the political elite."."
Current CEO of Statoil,
Helge Lund, has also publicly admitted that the corruption scandal has tarnished Statoil and Norway’s reputation abroad.
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3849147.stm BBC' coverage of the case]
* [http://www.aftenposten.no/english/business/article624131.ece Article from Aftenposten about the case]
* [http://www.dn.no/forsiden/energi/article897283.ece Article from DN about the case] no icon
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