- Crown colony
Crown, or royal, colonies were ruled by a governor appointed at first by the Monarch and later by the Secretary of State for the Colonies. Under the name of "royal colony", the first of what would later become known as Crown colonies was the English Colony of Virginia in the present-day United States, after the Crown took control from the Virginia Company in 1624.
Until the mid-nineteenth century, the term "Crown colony" was primarily used to refer to those colonies which had been acquired through wars, such as Trinidad and Tobago and British Guiana, but after that time it was more broadly applied to any colony other than the Presidencies and provinces of British India and the colonies of settlement, such as The Canadas, Newfoundland, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, and New Zealand, later to become the Dominions.
The term continued to be used up until 1981, when the British Nationality Act 1981 reclassified the remaining British colonies as "British Dependent Territories". From 2002 they have been known as British Overseas Territories.
Types of Crown colony
There were three types of Crown colony as of 1918, with differing degrees of autonomy:
Crown colonies with representative councils such as Bermuda, Jamaica, Ceylon, British Columbia and Fiji contained one or two legislative chambers, consisting of Crown appointed and some locally elected members.
Crown colonies with nominated councils such as British Honduras, Sierra Leone, Grenada and Hong Kong were staffed entirely by Crown appointed members, with some appointed representation from the local population. It should be noted that Hong Kong became a Crown colony with a representative council following the introduction of election for the Hong Kong Legislative Council in 1985.
- Direct rule
- Crown dependency
- Self-governing colony
- Colonial Office
- British overseas territories
- British Empire
- Jenks, Edward (1918). The Government of the British Empire. Little, Brown, and company.
- Olson, James (1996). Historical Dictionary of the British Empire. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 031329366X.
- Porter, Andrew (1998). The Nineteenth Century, The Oxford History of the British Empire Volume III. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199246785.
- Wrong, Hume (2009). "The Old Representative System: The Change To Crown Colony Government". Government of the West Indies. England: Oxford University Press. p. 71. ISBN 111374149X. http://books.google.com/books?id=hIx3hR0-HkIC&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71#v=onepage&f=false. Retrieved 2010-03-30. "The phrase 'Crown Colony Government' is used with various meanings. In the broadest, and perhaps most correct, sense it is applied to all the colonies in which the Crown retains the real control of the executive (i.e. to all the West Indian colonies). By both official and common usage, however, it is often narrowed as to exclude colonies with elected Assemblies, though without a responsible executive."
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Look at other dictionaries:
Crown colony — A colony of the British Empire not having an elective magistracy or a parliament, but governed by a chief magistrate (called Governor) appointed by the Crown, with executive councilors nominated by him and not elected by the people. [Webster 1913 … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Crown Colony — ► NOUN ▪ a British colony controlled by the Crown … English terms dictionary
crown colony — n a ↑colony controlled by the British government … Dictionary of contemporary English
crown colony — n. a British colony directly under the control of the home government in London … English World dictionary
Crown Colony — noun a British colony controlled by the British Crown, represented by a governor • Hypernyms: ↑colony, ↑dependency * * * noun, pl ⋯ nies [count] : a colony (such as Gibraltar or the Falkland Islands) that is under the control of the British… … Useful english dictionary
crown colony — crown′ col′ony n. gov a British colony in which the crown controls legislation and administration, as distinguished from one having a constitution and representative government • Etymology: 1835–45 … From formal English to slang
crown colony — colony of the British commonwealth ruled by British law … English contemporary dictionary
crown colony — noun Usage: often capitalized both Cs Date: 1828 a British colony over which the Crown retains some control … New Collegiate Dictionary
crown colony — a British colony in which the crown has the entire control of legislation and administration, as distinguished from one having a constitution and representative government. [1835 45] * * * … Universalium
Crown Colony — noun a British colony whose legislature and administration is controlled by the Crown, represented by a governor … English new terms dictionary