- Samuel Holland
Life in the Netherlands
Holland was born in 1728 in
Deventer[ [http://www.lowensteyn.com/Samuel_Holland/index.html Samuel Holland, Canada's first Surveyor-General ] ] , the Netherlands. He was baptized on 22 September 1729 in the small Lutheran Church in the Dutch town of Deventer in the Province of Overijssel. In 1745, he entered the Dutch artillery and served during the War of the Austrian Succession. He was promoted lieutenant in 1747.
In 1749, Holland married Gertrude Hasse. They had one daughter who is thought to have died in infancy. In 1754, having possibly made contact with the
Duke of Richmondand leaving his wife behind in the Netherlands, Holland emigrated to England to seek advancement under the British flag.
Early years in British North America
In 1756, Holland, probably with Richmond's aid, became a lieutenant in the
Royal Americans, coming to British North Americawhere he would spend the rest of his life. Among his first assignments was the preparation of a map of New York province; this map would be widely used for twenty years.
In 1757, during the
French and Indian Wars, he was promoted captain lieutenant and assigned to reconnoitre Fort Carillonnear Ticonderoga, New York, but in early 1758 he was transferred as assistant engineer to the expedition against Louisbourg. There, Holland made surveys of the surrounding area and prepared plans and give engineering advice under the command of Brigadier-General James Wolfe. Following Louisbourg's capitulation, Holland was strongly commended by Wolfe to the Duke of Richmond.
That winter, Holland and his new pupil,
James Cook, drew charts of the Gulf of Saint Lawrenceand Saint Lawrence Riverin preparation for an attack on Quebec. He also supervised the construction of Fort Frederick in Saint John, New Brunswick. He was promoted captain in 1759 and participated actively in the siege of Quebec, narrowly escaping death on one occasion when his boats were nearly run down by a schooner.
Holland was later employed in surveying the settled parts of the Saint Lawrence River valley and in drawing up new plans for a citadel in Quebec after the French siege was lifted.
In 1762, Holland took his maps to
Londonwhere he submitted them to the Board of Trade, proposing a survey of all British possessions in North Americain order to facilitate settlement, a proposal which was accepted in 1764.
On March 6, 1764, Holland was appointed surveyor general of Quebec. On March 23, he received instructions to survey all British possessions north of the
Potomac River, which included St. John's Island ( Prince Edward Island), the Magdalen Islandsand Cape Breton Island, because of their importance for the fisheries.
Holland arrived in October of 1764 on St. John's Island after the territory was ceded to Britain under the
Treaty of Paris (1763). The task of mapping the island lasted two years. Holland's survey divided the island into a series of townships known as "lots", parishes, counties, and "royalties" ( shire towns) in advance of a feudalland system which was established on the island over the following century.Fact|date=March 2007 Holland was later given a parcel of land on the St. John's Island, Lot 28, settled by farmers. Holland charged very little as an absentee landlord.
In 1767 he proposed that British explorers look for a northwest passage from the
Atlantic Oceanto the Pacific Ocean, but the proposal was never taken into great consideration.
Holland had begun living in Quebec as early as 1762 with then 21-year old Marie-Joseph Rollet. Their first son, John Frederick, was born on St. John's Island.
Although his separation from Gertrude Hasse had been amicable, he still paid her an annual allowance between 1756 to 1780. In 1784 Hasse petitioned the British government to force him to renew payments, but she was refused.
In about 1772 Holland's marriage to Marie-Joseph Rollet was contracted as legal. The couple would eventually establish a family of ten children.
Samuel Holland died at
Quebec, Lower Canadain 1801.
The community college system for Prince Edward Island,
Holland College, is named for Samuel Holland, as is the community of Holland Landing, Ontario.
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2464 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Samuel Holland (politician) — Samuel Holland (October 17 1803 ndash; December 27 1892) was a Welsh Liberal Party politician. Upbringing The son of Samuel and Katherine Holland, he was born in Duke Street, Liverpool. Politics He served as Liberal MP for Merioneth from 1870 to… … Wikipedia
Holland Landing, Ontario — Holland Landing is a village in the town of East Gwillimbury, located in the northern part of the Regional Municipality of York, in south central Ontario. Its major road is Yonge Street (bypassed by the former Highway 11) and the village has bus… … Wikipedia
Holland College — Infobox University name = Holland College motto = Get ready for life established = 1969 type = Public Community College affiliation = endowment = chancellor = president = Dr. Brian McMillan city = Charlottetown state = Prince Edward Island… … Wikipedia
Holland (surname) — Architecture and engineering* Clifford Milburn Holland, designer of the Holland Tunnel * Henry Holland, 18th century Georgian architect * John Philip Holland, Irish submarine designerFilm, theatre and television* Agnieszka Holland, Polish film… … Wikipedia
Samuel Reyher — (* 19. April 1635 in Schleusingen; † 22. November 1714 in Kiel) war ein deutscher Mathematiker und Astronom. Samuel Reyher Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Samuel Foote — (January, 1720 ndash; October 21, 1777) was an English dramatist, actor and theatre manager from Cornwall.Early lifeBorn into a well to do family, [Hartnoll, p.290.] Foote was baptized in Truro, Cornwall on January 27, 1720. [Britannica.] His… … Wikipedia
Samuel “Snoop” Jones III — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Samuel Lee Jones, nació el 29 de abril de 1978 en la ciudad de Chicago, Illinois, Estados Unidos. Hijo y nieto de jugador de baloncesto, su abuelo están considerado como uno de los 50 mejores jugadores de la NBA. Sam … Wikipedia Español
Samuel Marinus Zwemer — www.zwemercenter.com Born April 12, 1867 Vriesland, Michigan, USA Died April 2, 1952 New York City, New York, USA Ed … Wikipedia
Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers — Samuel Liddel MacGregor Mathers, en costume égyptien, accomplissant un rituel à la Golden Dawn. Samuel Liddell « MacGregor » Mathers, (né Samuel Liddell Mathers le 8 janvier 1854[N 1] à Hackney et décédé le… … Wikipédia en Français
Samuel Ireland — (May 21 1744 – July 1800), British author and engraver, is best remembered today as the chief victim of the Ireland Shakespearean forgeries created by his son, William Henry Ireland.Early lifeHe ate life as a weaver in aasdfafdssadfaffddddddas,… … Wikipedia