infobox UK place
country = England
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster= Sheffield Hallam
postcode_district = S17
Totley is a suburb on the extreme southwest of the City of Sheffield, in
South Yorkshire, England. Lying in the historic county boundaries of Derbyshire, Totley was amalgamated into the city of Sheffield in 1935, and is today part of the Dore and Totleyelectoral ward in the city, though it remains close to the contemporary county boundary of Derbyshire.
Totley was mentioned in the
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Totinglee", the name meaning a forest clearing belonging to Tota (probably the Saxon lord). Totley Hall, built in 1623 and enlarged in the 19th century, was converted to a teacher training college in the 1950s and was latterly part of Sheffield Hallam University.
Through the district run the Totley Brook and the Old Hay Brook, which are the two sources of the
River Sheaf. Totley also lends its name to Totley Tunnel, the longest underland rail tunnel in the United Kingdom. This takes the Sheffield to Manchester line from Totley underneath the Totley Moorto Grindlefordin Derbyshire.
History and geography
Totley was first referred to in the
Domesday Survey, commissioned by William the Conqueror. It was then referred to as Totinglei.It has since had many a different spellings:
The Domesday book says this:"- In Totinglei, Tolf had IV bovates of land hidable. Land for one plough. It is waste, wood, pasturable, 1 mile in length and half a mile in breadth. T.R.E. value X shillings now XII pence."Domesday Survey 1086.
The area of Totley in 1086 was quite small, but by 1839 had grown seven-fold. The borders of Totley are agreed to be the Old Hay Brook, Totley Brook, Brown Edge, Lady Cross, Stony Ridge, along
HathersageRoad and Blacka Dike.The lowest point is the junction between Old Hay Brook and Totley Brook (beginning of the River Sheaf) at 400 ft, the highest point is Flask Edge at 1300 ft.
The underground is rich, and Totley Brick Works still produce bricks and ceramics to this day.
At one time, Totley was one of the townships in the Hundred of Scarsdale, a sub-division of the county of Derbyshire. In 1934 Totley, along with Dore and Bradway became part of
Hallam Ward, part of the City of Sheffield and the West Riding of Yorkshire.
Totley is made of Totley Village (Hillfoot Rd and Totley Hall Lane), Totley Moor (unpopulated), Totley Bents (Penny Lane), New Totley (called as such since the 30s) and Totley Rise (Baslow Rd shops and Lower Bradway Bank).
Although there is little proof, there are assumptions that the hall was present in 829. [Assumption made by Bessie Bunkers] One hypothesis concerning the name of the hall is that it once belonged to the Canons of Beauchief. [The monks passed the property when walking to Strawberry Lee] Parish and council records show that the Pearsons family has lived in Totley since at least 1550 and still live in the village. Samuel Pearson farmed the area in 1550. In 1897, George Creswick bought the house and the land.
Totley Hall seems to have been built in 1623 as inscriptions over the old door suggest. The inscriptions bear the characters GN 1623 WM, which seems to mean George Newbould.According to maps, fields have existed before this date as well as small buildings which would have been farm buildings.
In 1791, Andrew Gallimore left the estate to his niece Hannah, wife of the Rev. D'Ewes Coke of Nottinghamshire. Coke died in 1811, and his son, another D'Ewes Coke, took over the hall and provided money for the construction of the infant school. The family sold the Totley Hall in 1881 to W.K. Marples for £2250. It is at this period that the hall and the farm became two distinct properties.
William Aldam Milner built the lodge on Totley Hall Lane in 1887. His son was killed in
World War Iand as a sign of thanks the saddened community gave land and £2000 to build a new church. All Saints church opened in 1924. Milner died in 1931 and the hall was bought by Sheffield Corporation for £5850. Until 1999, Totley Hall was home to Sheffield Polytechnic and then Sheffield Hallam University.
The Old School House
The Infant School was built in 1821. The first contingent of pupils were 11 boys and 19 girls as well as one school mistress. Hannal Wild taught there in 1833; in 1852 Ann Padley took over and stayed for 20 years.
Totley Grange was a manor house near Totley's Cross Sythes pub. It was built in 1875 by
Ebenezer Hall. He had bought the land from Mr. Parker who had bought it from George B. Greaves. Thomas Earnshaw, a fish and game dealer lived in the house around the 1890s which gave the house the nickname of "Fish Villa".In 1965, work begun on the construction of Totley Grange Estate. Workmen found well lining stones which from the findings could have held water sufficient to feed flora from large greenhouses and gardens.
Sixty-five houses now lie on the estate of the former house.
Brinkburn Grange was built in 1883 by Thomas B. Matthews. The land was part of
BradwayMill and Matthews was director of Turton Brothers & Matthews, a Sheffield steel, fil and spring makers. The mill dam was then used as an ornamental lake. The Grange was destroyed in 1938.
As a rural village the main industry has historically been agriculture, and several farms remain in Totley today. As well as agriculture, the brooks running through the village have been used as a source of power for small industrial operations since at least the 17th century. In particular, several mills have stood on Old Hay Brook, engaged in activities such as lead smelting, corn grinding, blade manufacture and paper rolling. [ [http://www.tilthammer.com/water/sheaf1.html Water Wheels on the River Sheaf in Abbeydale] - Tilt Hammer] The only industry still open is the Totley Brick Works on Baslow Road. This plant supplied the bricks for the construction of
Totley Tunnel)and currently produces heat-resistant bricks from materials mined outside of the area. . [ [http://www.villagepublications.co.uk/bradway/win02/localhistory.htm Construction of Totley Tunnel] - Bradway Bugle]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Totley — 53° 19′ N 1° 32′ W / 53.31, 1.54 Totley est une banlieue située dans l extrême sud ouest de Sheffield, près de … Wikipédia en Français
Totley Tunnel — is a 6,230 yard (3.5 mile / 5.7 km) tunnel on the former Midland Railway Manchester Sheffield line between Totley on the outskirts of Sheffield and Grindleford in Derbyshire, England. It was completed in 1893 and is the longest main line railway… … Wikipedia
Totley Brook — The Totley Brook is a stream in Sheffield, South Yorkshire. Near Baslow Road, the streams joins the Old Hay Brook to form the River Sheaf.There is an estate in Dore called Totley Brook , but is wrongly named after the Old Hay Brook .The Totley… … Wikipedia
Dore and Totley — Coordinates: 53°19′26″N 1°31′34″W / 53.324°N 1.526°W / 53.324; 1.526 … Wikipedia
Dore and Totley railway station — Dore and Totley Dore and Totley railway station … Wikipedia
Dore & Totley Station — Gare de Dore Gare de Dore Dore Station Gare de Dore en 2004. Localisation Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Dore & totley station — Gare de Dore Gare de Dore Dore Station Gare de Dore en 2004. Localisation Pays … Wikipédia en Français
List of pubs in Sheffield — This is a list of a selection of pubs in the city of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. Only a selection of pubs are listed, organised by district and postcode (in brackets). The oldest of Sheffield s pubs date back to the 18th century,… … Wikipedia
Old Hay Brook — Coordinates: 53°19′05″N 1°31′59″W / 53.318°N 1.533°W / 53.318; 1.533 The Old Hay Brook is a stream in Sheffie … Wikipedia
Districts of Sheffield — Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in the north of England. The neighbourhoods of Sheffield vary widely in size and history. Many of the neighbourhoods developed from villages or hamlets that have become absorbed into Sheffield as the… … Wikipedia